On the relationship between evolutionary and psychological definitions of altruism and selfishness

Biology and Philosophy 7 (1):61-68 (1992)
Abstract
I examine the relationship between evolutionary definitions of altruism that are based on fitness effects and psychological definitions that are based on the motives of the actor. I show that evolutionary altruism can be motivated by proximate mechanisms that are psychologically either altruistic or selfish. I also show that evolutionary definitions do rely upon motives as a metaphor in which the outcome of natural selection is compared to the decisions of a psychologically selfish (or altruistic) individual. Ignoring the precise nature of both psychological and evolutionary definitions has obscured many important issues, including the biological roots of psychological altruism.
Keywords Altruism  evolution  group selection  selfishness
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DOI 10.1007/BF00130164
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References found in this work BETA
Vaulting Ambition.Philip Kitcher - 1988 - Noûs 22 (3):479-482.
Evolutionary Altruism, Psychological Egoism, and Morality: Disentangling the Phenotypes.Elliott Sober - 1993 - In Matthew Nitecki & Doris Nitecki (eds.), Evolutionary Ethics. Suny Press. pp. 199--216.
What is Evolutionary Altruism?Elliott Sober - 1988 - In B. Linsky & M. Mathen (eds.), Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume. University of Calgary Press. pp. 75.
What is Psychological Egoism?Elliott Sober - 1989 - Behaviorism 17 (2):89-102.

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Hominids, Coalitions, and Weapons: Not Vehicles.Jim Moore - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):632.
Group Evolutionary Strategies: Dimensions and Mechanisms.Kevin MacDonald - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):629.

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