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A. Scholl [14]Ann Scholl [2]Armin Scholl [1]Annika Scholl [1]
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  1.  50
    Between Realism and Constructivism? Luhmann's Ambivalent Epistemological Standpoint.A. Scholl - 2012 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (1):5-12.
    Problem: Is Niklas Luhmann’s theory of social systems based on a constructivist or on a realist epistemology? Luhmann’s own elaborations seem to oscillate between both standpoints. Method: The argumentation provided in this article starts with a detailed reconstruction of Luhmann’s epistemology and of Luhmann’s criticism towards radical constructivism and then examines the consequences for a comparison of systems theory and (radical) constructivism. Results: Although Luhmann’s operative constructivism can be distinguished from radical constructivism, the differences are not considered fundamental. Luhmann’s epistemology (...)
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  2.  27
    Do the Media Fail to Represent Reality? A Constructivist and Second-Order Critique of the Research on Environmental Media Coverage and Its Normative Implications.J. Völker & A. Scholl - 2014 - Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):140-149.
    Problem: First-order scientific research is often not aware of the hidden assumptions provided by an epistemological perspective based upon realism. Beyond philosophical considerations about the epistemological foundations, some practical normative implications deriving from them are crucial: in the field of communication and media studies, some scholars criticize media coverage, e.g., on climate change, as biased and distorted from reality. Method: From a constructivist perspective, the article presents a detailed meta-analysis of the course of argumentation provided by two empirical communication studies (...)
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  3.  27
    Niklas Luhmann and the Sociological Turn in Constructivism.A. Riegler & A. Scholl - 2012 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (1):1-4.
    Context: Niklas Luhmann is considered to be a major proponent of the constructivist movement who based his highly complex sociological theory on constructivist concepts such as Maturana’s autopoiesis and Spencer Brown’s distinction. Problem: Despite heavily borrowing from constructivism, there are doubts as to whether his epistemological standpoint was properly constructivist. Method: In six papers and 14 Open Peer Commentaries, Luhmann’s epistemological understanding, understanding of science, and use and development of constructivist concepts is examined. Results: The authors’ papers and commentaries cover (...)
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  4.  35
    How Constructivist Philosophy Enriches Journalism Research. Review of “The Creation of Reality: A Constructivist Epistemology of Journalism and Journalism Education” by Bernhard Poerksen.A. Scholl - 2011 - Constructivist Foundations 6 (2):275-277.
    Upshot: Poerksen’s discursive constructivism reconstructs radical constructivist foundations and applies them to several subjects of research in the field of journalism and media studies. The author combines epistemological arguments with practical advice for journalists, which makes the book not only valuable for interested followers of RC in general but also for communication scientists and media practitioners.
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  5.  17
    Authors’ Response: Pragmatism and Epistemology.J. Völker & A. Scholl - 2014 - Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):157-162.
    Upshot: The controversy between realism and constructivism often seems to be a matter of epistemology. However, empirical researchers are not primarily interested in solving philosophical questions but in practicing good research. It would be shortsighted to believe that there is a contradiction between epistemological and empirical questions.
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  6.  21
    Author's Response: What Constructivism Does Not Say.A. Scholl - 2012 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (1):15-18.
    Upshot: Egner’s suggestion that a theory of observation should be developed towards a more abstract concept in order to apply it to any autopoietic system is plausible from the point of a general systems theory. However, this strategy of theorizing is not suited to solving epistemological problems in particular because such a broad concept fails to specify constructivism as a strictly observer-related philosophy. Nassehi’s search for a third way between constructivism and realism, in turn, presumes a too narrow and biased (...)
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  7.  29
    Radical Constructivism in Communication Science.A. Scholl - 2010 - Constructivist Foundations 6 (1):51-57.
    Purpose: Describing how radical constructivism was introduced to communication science and analyzing why it has not yet become a mainstream endeavour. Situation: Before radical constructivism entered the relevant debates in communication sciences, moderate constructivist positions had already been developed. Problem: Radical constructivists’ argumentation has often been provocative and exaggerating in style, and extreme in its position. This has provoked harsh reactions within the mainstream scientific community. Several argumentative strategies have been used to degrade radical constructivist arguments and their relevance. Solution: (...)
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  8.  19
    Exploring Luhmann's Constructivism. Review of “Ontologien der Moderne” Edited by René John Et Al. And of “Luhmann Handbuch” Edited by Oliver Jahraus Et Al. [REVIEW]A. Scholl - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (3):358-361.
    Upshot: New publications about Niklas Luhmann and his theory of social systems address the question of Luhmann’s epistemological standpoints. A publication on the “ontologies of the modern world” hastily describes social conventions and processes of stabilization as modern ontologies and a new handbook on Luhmann’s life, oeuvre and impact underestimates the major contribution of constructivism in Luhmann’s theory. Although the two books are comprehensive and informative, they do not make enough use of the constructivist potential to explain both Luhmann’s theory (...)
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  9.  9
    Attracted to Power: Challenge/Threat and Promotion/Prevention Focus Differentially Predict the Attractiveness of Group Power.Annika Scholl, Claudia Sassenrath & Kai Sassenberg - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  10.  8
    Non-Dualizing Philosophy and Empirical Research.A. Scholl - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 3 (3):172-180.
    Purpose: Explaining the relationship between theory and empirical research within the research process. The main motivation is to show that non-dualizing epistemology and constructivism have approximately the same ideas to explain this relationship. Problem: Josef Mitterer criticizes constructivism as a dualizing epistemology and "overlooks" that non-dualizing philosophy and constructivist perspectives are similar with regard to the relationship between theory and empirical research. Method: (1) Reconstruction of non-dualizing argumentation, (2) non-dualizing implications for the description of the relationship between theory and empirical (...)
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  11.  7
    Searching and Finding Ontology.A. Scholl - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 10 (2):218-221.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Ontology, Reality and Construction in Niklas Luhmann’s Theory” by Krzysztof C. Matuszek. Upshot: Matuszek’s article criticizes Luhmann’s systems theory in particular and constructivism in general with respect to philosophical inconsistency caused by some ontological implications of constructivist epistemology. Providing a coherent interpretation of ontology and epistemology is worth the effort in order to solve philosophical problems. However, the question arises of whether philosophical reasoning actually is of any relevance for empirical research. I argue that (...)
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  12.  7
    When Sharp Distinctions Fail to Be Useful.A. Scholl - 2014 - Constructivist Foundations 9 (2):273-274.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Ethics: A Radical-constructivist Approach” by Andreas Quale. Upshot: The sharp distinction between cognitive and non-cognitive knowledge provided by Andreas Quale prevents the author from finding well-founded reasons for constructivist ethics.
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  13.  6
    Legally Protecting Fetuses.Ann Scholl - 1997 - Public Affairs Quarterly 11 (2):141.
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  14.  6
    Systemtheorie.Armin Scholl - 2010 - In Christian Schicha & Carsten Brosda (eds.), Handbuch Medienethik. Vs Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. pp. 68--82.
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  15.  7
    How a Process-Oriented Approach in Radical Constructivism Affects Empirical Research.A. Scholl - 2011 - Constructivist Foundations 7 (1):29-31.
    Open peer commentary on the target article “From Objects to Processes: A Proposal to Rewrite Radical Constructivism” by Siegfried J. Schmidt > Upshot: Radical Constructivism should be strictly process-oriented to avoid hidden ontology. S. J. Schmidt provides such a strict process-orientation from a very philosophical viewpoint that, however, still lacks access to empirical research. The purpose of this commentary is to show a way to apply Schmidt’s philosophical framework to empirical research.
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  16.  2
    The Micro-Macro-Problem in Constructivism.A. Scholl - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (1):47-48.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Constructivism as a Key Towards Further Understanding of Communication, Culture and Society” by Raivo Palmaru. Upshot: Palmaru addresses several problems with respect to radical constructivism, in particular the relationship between the micro-level and macro-level of social phenomena, i.e., communication, culture, and society. Related to this, I dispute three of Palmaru’s key claims: the relationship between micro-social and macro-social phenomena is a specific problem of radical constructivism; radical constructivism does not solve the problem of the (...)
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