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Alan Bale [7]Alan Clinton Bale [3]Alan C. Bale [2]
  1.  2
    Do Children Interpret ‘or’ Conjunctively?Dimitrios Skordos, Roman Feiman, Alan Bale & David Barner - 2020 - Journal of Semantics 37 (2):247-267.
    Preschoolers often struggle to compute scalar implicatures involving disjunction, in which they are required to strengthen an utterance by negating stronger alternatives, e.g. to infer that, ‘The girl has an apple or an orange’ likely means she does not have both. However, recent reports surprisingly find that a substantial subset of children interpret disjunction as conjunction, concluding instead that the girl must have both fruits. According to these studies, children arrive at conjunctive readings not because they have a non-adult-like semantics, (...)
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  2.  27
    Accessing the Unsaid: The Role of Scalar Alternatives in Children’s Pragmatic Inference.David Barner, Neon Brooks & Alan Bale - 2011 - Cognition 118 (1):84-93.
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  3. A Universal Scale of Comparison.Alan Clinton Bale - 2008 - Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (1):1-55.
    Comparative constructions form two classes, those that permit direct comparisons (comparisons of measurements as in Seymour is taller than he is wide) and those that only allow indirect comparisons (comparisons of relative positions on separate scales as in Esme is more beautiful than Einstein is intelligent). In contrast with other semantic theories, this paper proposes that the interpretation of the comparative morpheme remains the same whether it appears in sentences that compare individuals directly or indirectly. To develop a unified account, (...)
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  4.  68
    The Interpretation of Functional Heads: Using Comparatives to Explore the Mass/Count Distinction: Articles.Alan C. Bale & David Barner - 2009 - Journal of Semantics 26 (3):217-252.
    Comparative judgments for mass and count nouns yield two generalizations. First, all words that can be used in both mass and count syntax always denote individuals when used in count syntax but never when used in mass syntax. Second, some mass nouns denote individuals while others do not. In this article, we show that no current theory of mass–count semantics can capture these two facts and argue for an alternative theory that can. We propose that lexical roots are not specified (...)
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  5.  68
    Scales and Comparison Classes.Alan Clinton Bale - 2011 - Natural Language Semantics 19 (2):169-190.
    This paper discusses comparison classes—sets that relativize the interpretation of gradable adjectives, often specified with for-clauses as in John is smart for a linguist. Such a discussion ultimately lends support to the thesis that scales, degrees, measure functions, and linear orders are grammatically derived from more basic relations between individuals. Three accounts of comparison classes are compared and evaluated. The first proposes that such classes serve as an argument to a function that determines a standard of comparison. The second maintains (...)
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  6.  15
    Ignorance and Inference: Do Problems with Gricean Epistemic Reasoning Explain Children’s Difficulty with Scalar Implicature?Lara Hochstein, Alan Bale, Danny Fox & David Barner - 2016 - Journal of Semantics 33 (1):107-135.
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  7. The Universal Scale and the Semantics of Comparison.Alan Clinton Bale - unknown
    Comparative constructions allow individuals to be compared according to different properties. Such comparisons form two classes, those that permit direct, comparisons and those that only allow indirect comparisons. Traditionally, these two types of comparisons have been associated with an ambiguity in the interpretations of the comparative and equative morphemes. In this thesis, I propose that there is no such ambiguity. The interpretations of the comparative and equative morphemes remain the same whether they appear in sentences that compare individuals directly or (...)
     
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  8.  15
    Ignorance and Inference: Do Problems with Gricean Epistemic Reasoning Explain Children’s Difficulty with Scalar Implicature?Lara Hochstein, Alan Bale, Danny Fox & David Barner - 2014 - Journal of Semantics:ffu015.
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  9.  5
    Proportional readings of many and few : the case for an underspecified measure function.Alan Bale & Bernhard Schwarz - forthcoming - Linguistics and Philosophy:1-27.
    In the so-called reverse proportional reading :53, 1997), the truth conditions of statements of the form many/few\\ appear to make reference to the ratio of the individuals that are in the extensions of both \ and \ to the individuals that are in the extension of \. The analysis of such readings is controversial. One prominent approach assumes they are a symptom of many and few making reference to a context dependent standard of comparison. We observe that this initially attractive (...)
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  10.  4
    Proportional readings of many and few : the case for an underspecified measure function.Alan Bale & Bernhard Schwarz - forthcoming - Linguistics and Philosophy:1-27.
    In the so-called reverse proportional reading :53, 1997), the truth conditions of statements of the form many/few\\ appear to make reference to the ratio of the individuals that are in the extensions of both \ and \ to the individuals that are in the extension of \. The analysis of such readings is controversial. One prominent approach assumes they are a symptom of many and few making reference to a context dependent standard of comparison. We observe that this initially attractive (...)
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  11.  62
    Neural Networks Discover a Near-Identity Relation to Distinguish Simple Syntactic Forms.Thomas R. Shultz & Alan C. Bale - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (2):107-139.
    Computer simulations show that an unstructured neural-network model [Shultz, T. R., & Bale, A. C. (2001). Infancy, 2, 501–536] covers the essential features␣of infant learning of simple grammars in an artificial language [Marcus, G. F., Vijayan, S., Bandi Rao, S., & Vishton, P. M. (1999). Science, 283, 77–80], and generalizes to examples both outside and inside of the range of training sentences. Knowledge-representation analyses confirm that these networks discover that duplicate words in the sentences are nearly identical and that they (...)
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  12. Proportional readings of many and few : the case for an underspecified measure function.Alan Bale & Bernhard Schwarz - forthcoming - Linguistics and Philosophy:1-27.
    In the so-called reverse proportional reading :53, 1997), the truth conditions of statements of the form many/few\\ appear to make reference to the ratio of the individuals that are in the extensions of both \ and \ to the individuals that are in the extension of \. The analysis of such readings is controversial. One prominent approach assumes they are a symptom of many and few making reference to a context dependent standard of comparison. We observe that this initially attractive (...)
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