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  1. Cultural learning.Michael Tomasello, Ann Cale Kruger & Hilary Horn Ratner - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):495-511.
    This target article presents a theory of human cultural learning. Cultural learning is identified with those instances of social learning in which intersubjectivity or perspective-taking plays a vital role, both in the original learning process and in the resulting cognitive product. Cultural learning manifests itself in three forms during human ontogeny: imitative learning, instructed learning, and collaborative learning – in that order. Evidence is provided that this progression arises from the developmental ordering of the underlying social-cognitive concepts and processes involved. (...)
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  2. Who Responds to Crying?Ann Cale Kruger & Melvin Konner - 2010 - Human Nature 21 (3):309-329.
    !Kung San (Bushman) hunter-gatherers have unusually high levels of mother-infant contact and represent one of the environments of human evolutionary adaptedness (EEAs). Studies among the !Kung show that levels of crying—the most basic sign of mammalian infant distress—are low, and response to crying is high, and some suggest that responses are overwhelmingly maternal. We show that although !Kung mothers respond to crying most often, one-third of crying bouts are managed solely by someone else. Mothers responded to all bouts lasting ≥30 (...)
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    Cooperation in human teaching.Ann Cale Kruger - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
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    The role of emotions in cultural learning.Michael Tomasello, Ann Cale Kruger & Hilary Horn Ratner - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):782-784.