10 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Joseph J. Williams [8]Joseph Jay Williams [4]
  1.  53
    The Role of Explanation in Discovery and Generalization: Evidence From Category Learning.Joseph J. Williams & Tania Lombrozo - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (5):776-806.
    Research in education and cognitive development suggests that explaining plays a key role in learning and generalization: When learners provide explanations—even to themselves—they learn more effectively and generalize more readily to novel situations. This paper proposes and tests a subsumptive constraints account of this effect. Motivated by philosophical theories of explanation, this account predicts that explaining guides learners to interpret what they are learning in terms of unifying patterns or regularities, which promotes the discovery of broad generalizations. Three experiments provide (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  2.  11
    The Hazards of Explanation: Overgeneralization in the Face of Exceptions.Joseph Jay Williams, Tania Lombrozo & Bob Rehder - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (4):1006-1014.
  3. Explanation Constrains Learning, and Prior Knowledge Constrains Explanation.Joseph Jay Williams & Tania Lombrozo - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
    A great deal of research has demonstrated that learning is influenced by the learner’s prior background knowledge (e.g. Murphy, 2002; Keil, 1990), but little is known about the processes by which prior knowledge is deployed. We explore the role of explanation in deploying prior knowledge by examining the joint effects of eliciting explanations and providing prior knowledge in a task where each should aid learning. Three hypotheses are considered: that explanation and prior knowledge have independent and additive effects on learning, (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  4.  4
    Explanation Recruits Comparison in a Category-Learning Task.Brian J. Edwards, Joseph J. Williams, Dedre Gentner & Tania Lombrozo - 2019 - Cognition 185:21-38.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5.  44
    Jabo Proverbs From Liberia: Maxims in the Life of a Native Tribe. [REVIEW]Joseph J. Williams - 1938 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 13 (3):491-492.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  51
    Reaction to Conquest.Joseph J. Williams - 1937 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 12 (4):696-699.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  38
    Boas and American Ethnologists.Joseph J. Williams - 1936 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 11 (2):194-209.
  8.  37
    Gari-Gari.Joseph J. Williams - 1938 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 13 (3):492-493.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  18
    Why Does Explaining Help Learning? Insight From an Explanation Impairment Effect.Joseph Jay Williams, Tania Lombrozo & Bob Rehder - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  17
    Why Are People Bad at Detecting Randomness? Because It is Hard.Joseph Jay Williams & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark