Results for 'Matthew William Maguire'

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  1.  36
    The Conversion of Imagination: From Pascal Through Rousseau to Tocqueville.Matthew William Maguire - 2006 - Harvard University Press.
    Pascal, turning Augustinianism inside out, radically expanded the powers of imagination implicit in the work of Montaigne and Descartes, and made imagination ...
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  2.  5
    Matthew W. Maguire and David Lay Williams , Fundamental Political Writings by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Trans. Ian Johnston. Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Michael Locke McLendon - 2019 - Philosophy in Review 39 (1):32-34.
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  3.  8
    Off the Charts: Medical Documentation and Selective Redaction in the Age of Transparency.Matthew William McCarthy, Diego Real de Asua, Ezra Gabbay & Joseph J. Fins - 2018 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 61 (1):118-129.
    A 47-year-old woman with a history of anxiety disorder is admitted to the hospital for shortness of breath. On the third day of hospitalization, she asks her physician for a copy of all documents pertaining to her care. What expectation should she have for full disclosure? Are there limits on her access to her medical records and do her physician's concerns about professional privilege matter?The virtues of transparency in medicine have been well described. As proponents of transparency, we favor patient (...)
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  4. Machine Generated Contents Note: Introduction / Eve Grace and Christopher Kelly; Part I. Politics and Economics: 1. Rousseau and the Illustrious Montesquieu / Christopher Kelly; 2. Political Economy and Individual Liberty / Ryan Patrick Hanley; Part II. Science and Epistemology: 3. The Presence of Sciences in Rousseau's Trajectory and Works / Bruno Bernardi and Bernadette Bensaud-Vincent; 4. Epistemology and Political Perception in the Case of Rousseau / Terence Marshall; Part III. The Modern or Classical, Theological or Philosophical, Foundations of Rousseau's System: 5. On the Intention of Rousseau / Leo Strauss; 6. On Strauss on Rousseau / Victor Gourevitch; 7. Built on Sand: Moral Law in Rousseau's Second Discourse / Victor Gourevitch; 8. Rousseau and Pascal / Matthew W. Maguire; Part IV. Rousseau as Educator and Legislator: 9. The Measure of the Possible: Imagination in Rousseau's Philosophical Pedagogy / Richard Velkley; 10. Rousseau's French Revolution / Pamela K. Jensen; 11. Ro. [REVIEW]Pierre Manent - 2012 - In Eve Grace & Christopher Kelly (eds.), The Challenge of Rousseau. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  5.  4
    Argument, Inference, and Persuasion.Matthew William McKeon - forthcoming - Argumentation:1-18.
    This paper distinguishes between two types of persuasive force arguments can have in terms of two different connections between arguments and inferences. First, borrowing from Pinto, an arguer's invitation to inference directly persuades an addressee if the addressee performs an inference that the arguer invites. This raises the question of how invited inferences are determined by an invitation to inference. Second, borrowing from Sorenson, an arguer's invitation to inference indirectly persuades an addressee if the addressee performs an inference guided by (...)
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  6.  59
    A Plea for Logical Objects.Matthew William McKeon - 2009 - Synthese 167 (1):163-182.
    An account of validity that makes what is invalid conditional on how many individuals there are is what I call a conditional account of validity. Here I defend conditional accounts against a criticism derived from Etchemendy’s well-known criticism of the model-theoretic analysis of validity. The criticism is essentially that knowledge of the size of the universe is non-logical and so by making knowledge of the extension of validity depend on knowledge of how many individuals there are, conditional accounts fail to (...)
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  7. Logic, Semantics, and Possible Worlds.Matthew William Mckeon - 1994 - Dissertation, The University of Connecticut
    The general issue addressed in this dissertation is: what do the models of formal model-theoretic semantics represent? In chapter 2, I argue that those of first-order classical logic represent meaning assignments in possible worlds. This motivates an inquiry into what the interpretations of first-order quantified model logic represent, and in Chapter 3 I argue that they represent meaning assignments in possible universes of possible worlds. A possible universe is unpacked as one way model reality might be. The problem arises here (...)
     
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  8. William James on Emotion and Intentionality.Matthew Ratcliffe - 2005 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (2):179-202.
    William James's theory of emotion is often criticized for placing too much emphasis on bodily feelings and neglecting the cognitive aspects of emotion. This paper suggests that such criticisms are misplaced. Interpreting James's account of emotion in the light of his later philosophical writings, I argue that James does not emphasize bodily feelings at the expense of cognition. Rather, his view is that bodily feelings are part of the structure of intentionality. In reconceptualizing the relationship between cognition and affect, (...)
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  9. Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Fundamental Political Writings.Matthew W. Maguire & David Lay Williams (eds.) - 2018 - Broadview Press.
    This classroom edition includes _On the Social Contract_, the _Discourse on the Sciences and the Arts_, the _Discourse on the Origins of Inequality_, and the Preface to _Narcissus_. Each text has been newly translated and includes a full complement of explanatory notes. The editors’ introduction offers students diverse points of entry into some of the distinctive possibilities and challenges of each of these fundamental texts, as well as an introduction to Rousseau’s life and historical situation. The volume also includes annotated (...)
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  10. William James on Belief: Turning Darwinism Against Empiricistic Skepticism.Matthew Crippen - 2010 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 46 (3):477-502.
    Few address the extent to which William James regards the neo-Lamarckian account of “direct adaptation” as a biological extension of British empiricism. Consequently few recognize the instrumental role that the Darwinian idea of “indirect adaptation” plays in his lifelong efforts to undermine the empiricist view that sense experience molds the mind. This article examines how James uses Darwinian thinking, first, to argue that mental content can arise independently of sense experience; and, second, to show that empiricists advance a hopelessly (...)
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  11. William James and His Darwinian Defense of Freewill.Matthew Crippen - 2011 - In Mark Wheeler (ed.), 150 Years of Evolution: Darwin’s Impact on Contemporary Thought and Culture. pp. 68-89.
    Abstract If asked about the Darwinian influence on William James, some might mention his pragmatic position that ideas are “mental modes of adaptation,” and that our stock of ideas evolves to meet our changing needs. However, while this is not obviously wrong, it fails to capture what James deems most important about Darwinian theory: the notion that there are independent cycles of causation in nature. Versions of this idea undergird everything from his campaign against empiricist psychologies to his theories (...)
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  12.  10
    One Step Ahead: The Perceived Kinematics of Others’ Actions Are Biased Toward Expected Goals.Matthew Hudson, Toby Nicholson, William A. Simpson, Rob Ellis & Patric Bach - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (1):1-7.
  13.  17
    Growing Up with Philosophy.William F. Losito, Matthew Lipman & Ann Margaret Sharp - 1980 - British Journal of Educational Studies 28 (2):148.
  14.  17
    Survey of Doctors' Opinions of the Legalisation of Physician Assisted Suicide.William Lee, Annabel Price, Lauren Rayner & Matthew Hotopf - 2009 - BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):2-.
    BackgroundAssisted dying has wide support among the general population but there is evidence that those providing care for the dying may be less supportive. Senior doctors would be involved in implementing the proposed change in the law. We aimed to measure support for legalising physician assisted dying in a representative sample of senior doctors in England and Wales, and to assess any association between doctors' characteristics and level of support for a change in the law.MethodsWe conducted a postal survey of (...)
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  15. Crossing the Finish Line: Completing College at America's Public Universities.William G. Bowen, Matthew M. Chingos & Michael S. McPherson - 2011 - Princeton University Press.
    The United States has long been a model for accessible, affordable education, as exemplified by the country's public universities. And yet less than 60 percent of the students entering American universities today are graduating. Why is this happening, and what can be done? Crossing the Finish Line provides the most detailed exploration ever of college completion at America's public universities. This groundbreaking book sheds light on such serious issues as dropout rates linked to race, gender, and socioeconomic status. Probing graduation (...)
     
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  16. Is There a Place in Bayesian Confirmation Theory for the Reverse Matthew Effect?William Roche - 2018 - Synthese 195 (4):1631-1648.
    Bayesian confirmation theory is rife with confirmation measures. Many of them differ from each other in important respects. It turns out, though, that all the standard confirmation measures in the literature run counter to the so-called “Reverse Matthew Effect” (“RME” for short). Suppose, to illustrate, that H1 and H2 are equally successful in predicting E in that p(E | H1)/p(E) = p(E | H2)/p(E) > 1. Suppose, further, that initially H1 is less probable than H2 in that p(H1) < (...)
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  17.  27
    Big Data and the Opioid Crisis: Balancing Patient Privacy with Public Health.John Matthew Butler, William C. Becker & Keith Humphreys - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (2):440-453.
    Parts I through III of this paper will examine several, increasingly comprehensive forms of aggregation, ranging from insurance reimbursement “lock-in” programs to PDMPs to completely unified electronic medical records. Each part will advocate for the adoption of these aggregation systems and provide suggestions for effective implementation in the fight against opioid misuse. All PDMPs are not made equal, however, and Part II will, therefore, focus on several elements — mandating prescriber usage, streamlining the user interface, ensuring timely data uploads, creating (...)
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  18.  76
    A Note on Confirmation and Matthew Properties.Roche William - 2014 - Logic and Philosophy of Science 12:91-101.
    There are numerous (Bayesian) confirmation measures in the literature. Festa provides a formal characterization of a certain class of such measures. He calls the members of this class “incremental measures”. Festa then introduces six rather interesting properties called “Matthew properties” and puts forward two theses, hereafter “T1” and “T2”, concerning which of the various extant incremental measures have which of the various Matthew properties. Festa’s discussion is potentially helpful with the problem of measure sensitivity. I argue, that, while (...)
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  19.  3
    William Abraham and St. Thomas Aquinas.Matthew Levering - 2007 - New Blackfriars 88 (1013):46-55.
  20. Review of William P. Alston's Beyond Justification. [REVIEW]Matthew Chrisman - 2007 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 15 (2).
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  21. Feelings of Being: Phenomenology, Psychiatry and the Sense of Reality.Matthew Ratcliffe - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Emotions and bodily feelings -- Existential feelings -- The phenomenology of touch -- Body and world -- Feeling and belief in the Capgras delusion -- Feelings of deadness and depersonalization -- Existential feeling in schizophrenia -- What William James really said -- Stance, feeling, and belief -- Pathologies of existential feeling.
     
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  22.  16
    The Ethical Idealism of Matthew Arnold.William H. Gass - 1959 - Philosophical Review 70 (3):428-430.
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  23.  2
    Review: Matthew Watson, The Market. [REVIEW]William Davies - 2018 - Theory, Culture and Society 35 (7-8):345-349.
    Matthew Watson’s The Market provides a fascinating and rigorous history of how economists have conceived of markets, gradually eliminating historical, social, political and ethical context from their analysis over more than two centuries. This review notes that the book provides a nuanced genealogy, which stresses many of the contingencies and mutations through which the vocabulary of economics has been formed. But it also notes some unanswered questions raised by the book, concerning the contribution that economic reductionism has made to (...)
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  24.  20
    Book Review: Stephen J. Jensen, Knowing the Natural Law: From Precepts and Inclinations to Deriving OughtsJensenStephen J., Knowing the Natural Law: From Precepts and Inclinations to Deriving Oughts . Ix + 238 Pp. £32.50/US$34.95. ISBN 978-0-8132-2733-7. [REVIEW]William Matthew Diem - 2016 - Studies in Christian Ethics 29 (3):356-359.
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  25.  10
    The Analogy of Natural Law: Aquinas on First Precepts.William Matthew Diem - 2019 - Heythrop Journal.
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  26. Iterative Broadening.Matthew L. Ginsberg & William D. Harvey - 1992 - Artificial Intelligence 55 (2-3):367-383.
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  27.  28
    Reference and Referring.William P. Kabasenche, Michael O'Rourke & Matthew H. Slater (eds.) - 2012 - MIT Press.
    These fifteen original essays address the core semantic concepts of reference and referring from both philosophical and linguistic perspectives. After an introductory essay that casts current trends in reference and referring in terms of an ongoing dialogue between Fregean and Russellian approaches, the book addresses specific topics, balancing breadth of coverage with thematic unity. The contributors, all leading or emerging scholars, address trenchant neo-Fregean challenges to the direct reference position; consider what positive claims can be made about the mechanism of (...)
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  28.  16
    The Environment: Philosophy, Science, and Ethics.William P. Kabasenche, Michael O'Rourke & Matthew H. Slater (eds.) - 2012 - MIT Press.
    Philosophical reflections on the environment began with early philosophers' invocation of a cosmology that mixed natural and supernatural phenomena. Today, the central philosophical problem posed by the environment involves not what it can teach us about ourselves and our place in the cosmic order but rather how we can understand its workings in order to make better decisions about our own conduct regarding it. The resulting inquiry spans different areas of contemporary philosophy, many of which are represented by the fifteen (...)
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  29. Topics in Contemporary Philosophy Volume 10: Reference and Referring.William Kabasenche, Michael O’Rourke & Matthew Slater (eds.) - 2012
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  30. William Hasker, Metaphysics and the Tri-Personal God.Matthew Levering - 2014 - Journal of Analytic Theology 2:294-298.
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  31. Matthew Arnold: Culture's Unpopular Apostle.William D. Templeman - 1947 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 28 (4):405.
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  32. Matthew's Advice to a Divided Community: Mt. 17, 22–18, 35.William G. Thompson - 1970
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  33.  26
    An Integrative Approach to the Modeling of Behavior.William Timberlake, Norman Pecoraro & Matthew Tinsley - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):268-268.
    Theorists of learning, regulation, and evolution explain behavior using remarkably different concepts because of pressures toward specialization, a focus on testing simple causal theories that underconceptualize the contributions of the organism and its environment, and the absence of a working model capable of surviving in a complex environment. We add suggestions for the development and testing of such a model.
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  34.  45
    Off-Mass-Shell Dynamics in Flat Spacetime.Matthew A. Trump & William C. Schieve - 1997 - Foundations of Physics 27 (3):389-414.
    In the covariant Hamiltonian mechanics with action-at-a-distance, we compare the proper time and dynamical time representations of the coordinate space world line using the differential geometry of nongeodesic curves in 3+1 Minkowski spacetime. The covariant generalization of the Serret-Frenet equations for the point particle with interaction are derived using the arc length representation. A set of invariant point particle kinematical properties are derived which are equivalent to the solutions of the equations of motion in coordinate space and which are functions (...)
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  35.  18
    William Diller Matthew, Paleontologist: The Splendid Drama ObservedEdwin H. Colbert.A. Bowdoin Van Riper - 1993 - Isis 84 (3):605-605.
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  36.  17
    Matthew 5:43–48.William H. Willimon - 2003 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 57 (1):61-63.
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  37. Review of William Paley, Natural Theology, Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Matthew D. Eddy and David Knight: New York: Oxford University Press, 2006, Xxxvii + 342 Pp. ISBN 978-0-19-280584-3. [REVIEW]Glenn Branch - 2009 - Sophia 48 (1):99-101.
    Matthew D. Eddy and David Knight’s new edition of William Paley’s Natural Theology deserves to become the standard scholarly edition of what is a historically, theologically, and philosophically important work, despite a certain neglect of philosophical issues on the part of the editors.
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  38.  18
    Is Social Interaction Based on Guile or Honesty?Matthew L. Brooks & William B. Swann - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (1):17-18.
    Von Hippel & Trivers suggest that people enhance their own self-views as a means of persuading others to adopt similarly inflated perceptions of them. We question the existence of a pervasive desire for self-enhancement, noting that the evidence the authors cite could reflect self-verification strivings or no motive whatsoever. An identity negotiation framework provides a more tenable approach to social interaction.
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  39.  27
    William James, Darwinian Theory and Personal Evolution.Matthew Crippen - 2018 - Science and Education: Academic Journal of Ushynsky University 27 (1-2):239-241.
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  40. MENGES, MATTHEW C., O. F. M. "The Concept of Univocity Regarding the Predication of God and Creature According to William Ockham". [REVIEW]Campbell Crockett - 1953 - Modern Schoolman 31:143.
     
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  41.  16
    Neuroimaging Metrics of Drug and Food Processing in Cocaine-Dependence, as a Function of Psychopathic Traits and Substance Use Severity.William J. Denomme, Isabelle Simard & Matthew S. Shane - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  42.  7
    Obligation, Justice, and Law in Advance.William Matthew Diem - forthcoming - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association.
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  43.  6
    Obligation, Justice, and Law.William Matthew Diem - unknown - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association:271-286.
    Anscombe argues in “Modern Moral Philosophy” that obligation and moral terms only have meaning in the context of a divine Lawgiver, whereas terms like ‘unjust’ have clear meaning without any such context and, in at least some cases, are incontrovertibly accurate descriptions. Because the context needed for moral-terms to have meaning does not generally obtain in modern moral philosophy, she argues that we should abandon the language of obligation, adopting instead the yet clear and meaningful language of injustice. She argues (...)
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  44.  5
    Reasons for Acting and the End of Man as Naturally Known in Advance.William Matthew Diem - forthcoming - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly.
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  45.  9
    Reasons for Acting and the End of Man as Naturally Known.William Matthew Diem - 2019 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 93 (4):723-756.
    Aquinas implies that there is a single end of man, which can be known by reason from the moment of discretion and without the aid of revelation. This raises the problems: What is this end? How is it known? And how are the several natural, human goods related to this one end? The essay argues, first, that the naturally known end of man is the operation of virtue rather than God; second, that the virtue in question is, in the first (...)
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  46.  7
    Reply to the National Catholic Bioethics Center’s Commentary on the CDF’s 2018 Responsum.William Matthew Diem - 2019 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 19 (4):533-544.
    The National Catholic Bioethics Center’s commentary on the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith’s 2018 responsum concerning hysterectomy fails to address the explicit reasoning that the CDF offers to justify its response. The CDF does not condone the hysterectomies in question as indirect sterilizations, justified by double effect. Rather, it defines procreation—and consequently sterilization—such that the moral categories of direct and indirect sterilization are not applicable in such cases. The CDF responsum is far more radical and consequential than the (...)
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  47.  32
    Neoliberalism Versus Distributional Autonomy: The Skipped Step in Rawls’s the Law of Peoples.William A. Edmundson & Matthew R. Schrepfer - 2019 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 49 (2):169-181.
    ABSTRACT: Debates about global distributive justice focus on the gulf between the wealthy North and the impoverished South, rather than on issues arising between liberal democracies. A review of John Rawls’s approach to international justice discloses a step Rawls skipped in his extension of his original-position procedure. The skipped step is where a need for the distributional autonomy of sovereign liberal states reveals itself. Neoliberalism denies the possibility and the desirability of distributional autonomy. A complete Rawlsian account of global justice (...)
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  48.  4
    Restoring Peace.Matthew J. Gaudet & William R. O'Neill - 2011 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 31 (1):37-55.
    TRAGICALLY, ETHNIC CONFLICTS HAVE BECOME ONE OF THE HALLMARKS of the post-Cold War era. In response to this, two distinct traditions appear to be emerging.The first continues the classical just war tradition while the second represents a new "reconciliation tradition," built largely around questions of restorative justice in areas of social division. Our goal in this essay is to begin a rapprochement of these divergent traditions by asking the question, what does a restorative justice perspective offer to the just war (...)
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  49.  5
    William J. Clancey. Working on Mars: Voyages of Scientific Discovery with the Mars Exploration Rovers. Xvi + 328 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2012. $29.95. [REVIEW]Matthew H. Hersch - 2013 - Isis 104 (4):864-864.
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  50.  12
    William R. Shea. Designing Experiments and Games of Chance: The Unconventional Science of Blaise Pascal. Xii + 354 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. Canton, Mass.: Science History Publications, 2003. $39.95. [REVIEW]Matthew L. Jones - 2006 - Isis 97 (3):561-562.
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