OAI Archive: Digital.CSIC
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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Digital.CSIC"
- María Isabel Fierro Bello, The Religious Policy of the Almohads.The Almohads’ rule over the Islamic West—twelfth–thirteenth centuries, from western Lybia to the Iberian Peninsula—involved the imposition of their founder’s profession of faith stressing God’s unity on the population at large, including not only Jews and Christians who were forced to convert, but also Muslims. The original uncompromising rejection of anthropomorphism underwent changes as Almohad rule evolved from its Messianic origins to the official support of philosophical inquiry. Discussion of Ibn Tūmart’s profession of faith and its links with Ibn Ṭufayl’s (...)No categories
- Txetxu Ausín & Lorenzo Peña, Arguing From Facts to Duties.[EN] One of the most controversial issues about deontic and ethical matters is whether statements of duty or right can be inferred from statements of fact, and conversely. Most analytical philosophers have given a negative answer. We hold that there is a valid logical inferential rule from duties or permissions to facts, and conversely. Many duties and permissions arise only because certain facts exist. The reason is that a general principle of morals and law lays down that, if we act (...)No categories
- Lorenzo Peña, Raul Orayen's Views on Philosophy of Logic: Critical Notice of R. Orayen's Logica, Significado y Ontologia.Raul Orayen's book _Lógica, significado y ontología_ is a deep study into a range of issues in the philosophy of logic, taking Quine as the main interlocutor. It goes into subjects such as Truth-bearerss, Logical Truth, Validity, Propositions, Quine's Extensionalism, Relevant Logic and disjunctive syllogism, and Castañeda's ontology of Guises.
- Lorenzo Peña, Cuatro Obras de Mauricio Beuchot.The paper examines Beuchot's approach and agrees that there are many coincidences between medieval Aristotelianism and analytical philosophy. Both pursue philosophical inquiry in an argumentative manner. Nowadays analytical philosophy also tends to recognize as genuine such traditional metaphysical problems as were debated by the Scholastics. The paper's only criticism at Beuchot's views concerns analogy and reduplicative as-clauses. It argues that on that issue the cleavage between medieval and analytical philosophy lies in the latter's tending to favor complete equivocality of the (...)No categories
- Lorenzo Peña & Manuel Liz, Critical Notice of Subject, Thought and Context.The main starting point of many of the contributions collected into the book is the kind of Twin Earth considerations, along with meaning individualism. Is Putnam's claim about water in this world and a stuff in an alternative world being different materials?. Is meaning in the head? One seems allowed to be skeptical about the starting point of the debate between such as emphasize broad content and those who think that the basic semantic entities are narrow contents, which would fail (...)
- Jon Arrizabalaga, Problematizing Retrospective Diagnosis in the History of Disease.Earlier versions of this article were presented at the 19th International Congress of Historical Sciences (Oslo, 6-13 August 2000) and at the 11th Simposium de la Sociedad Española de Historia de la Medicina (Jaraiz de la Vera, Cáceres, 22-23 September 2000).No categories