Graduate studies at Western
Metaphysica 9 (2):205-218 (2008)
|Abstract||Drawing on different suggestions from the literature, we outline a unified metaphysical framework, labeled as Modal Meinongian Metaphysics (MMM), combining Meinongian themes with a non-standard modal ontology. The MMM approach is based on (1) a comprehension principle (CP) for objects in unrestricted, but qualified form, and (2) the employment of an ontology of impossible worlds, besides possible ones. In §§1–2, we introduce the classical Meinongian metaphysics and consider two famous Russellian criticisms, namely (a) the charge of inconsistency and (b) the claim that naïve Meinongianism allows one to prove that anything exists. In §3, we have impossible worlds enter the stage and provide independent justification for their use. In §4, we introduce our revised comprehension principle: our CP has no restriction on the (sets of) properties that can characterize objects, but parameterizes them to worlds, therefore having modality explicitly built into it. In §5, we propose an application of the MMM apparatus to fictional objects and defend the naturalness of our treatment against alternative approaches. Finally, in §6, we consider David Lewis’ notorious objection to impossibilia, and provide a reply to it by resorting to an ersatz account of worlds.|
|Keywords||Meinongianism Nonexistent objects Modal semantics Fictional objects|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
William J. Rapaport (1991). Meinong, Alexius; I: Meinongian Semantics. In Hans Burkhardt & Barry Smith (eds.), Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology. Philosophia Verlag.
Reina Hayaki (2003). Actualism and Higher-Order Worlds. Philosophical Studies 115 (2):149 - 178.
Alan McMichael & Ed Zalta (1980). An Alternative Theory of Nonexistent Objects. Journal of Philosophical Logic 9 (3):297-313.
Gabriele Contessa (2010). Scientific Models and Fictional Objects. Synthese 172 (2):215 - 229.
Ryan Nichols (2002). Reid on Fictional Objects and the Way of Ideas. Philosophical Quarterly 52 (209):582-601.
Francesco Berto (2012). Existence as a Real Property. Synthèse Library, Springer.
Andrea Sauchelli (2012). Fictional Objects, Non-Existence, and the Principle of Characterization. Philosophical Studies 159 (1):139-146.
Francesco Berto (2011). Modal Meinongianism and Fiction: The Best of Three Worlds. Philosophical Studies 152 (3):313-35.
Added to index2009-12-06
Total downloads80 ( #12,021 of 738,317 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #14,975 of 738,317 )
How can I increase my downloads?