Living an unfamiliar body: the significance of the long-term influence of bodily changes on the perception of self after stroke [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (1):19-29 (2013)
The aim of this study is to illuminate the significance of the long-term influence of bodily changes on the perception of self after stroke by means of narrative interviews with 23 stroke survivors. A phenomenological-hermeneutic approach inspired by the philosophy of Merleau-Ponty and Ricoeur is the methodological framework. Zahavi’s understanding of the embodied self and Leder’s concept of dys-appearance along with earlier research on identity guide the comprehensive understanding of the theme. The meaning of bodily changes after stroke can be understood as living with an altered perception of self. Stroke survivors perceive their bodies as fragile, unfamiliar and unreliable and tend to objectify them. The weak and discomforting body that ‘cannot’ demands constant, comprehensive awareness to keep itself in play. These long-term and often permanent consequences of bodily weakness may turn stroke survivors’ intentionality inwards, away from external activities and projects and relationships with others. Negative judgements from others are added to lost roles and positions and threaten the vulnerable self. Stroke survivors try to regain familiarity with their body by their life-long project of testing its boundaries. Mastering important tasks helps them strengthen their self-concept. Health care workers should be aware of the embodied self and engage in long-term dialogues with stroke survivors to strengthen positive perceptions of body and self. More research is needed to understand destructive post-stroke phenomena such as fatigue and pain and to find effective methods to help stroke survivors regain wholeness of body and self
|Keywords||Stroke Lived body Perception of self Phenomenological hermeneutics Merleau-Ponty|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Kristi L. Kirschner (2010). One City, Two Worlds. Hastings Center Report 40 (5):6-7.
Nicholas J. J. Smith (2009). Frege's Judgement Stroke and the Conception of Logic as the Study of Inference Not Consequence. Philosophy Compass 4 (4):639-665.
John Schwenkler (2013). The Objects of Bodily Awareness. Philosophical Studies 162 (2):465-472.
Ozum Ucok (2005). The Meaning of Appearance in Surviving Breast Cancer. Human Studies 28 (3):291 - 316.
Jenny Slatman (2012). Phenomenology of Bodily Integrity in Disfiguring Breast Cancer. Hypatia 27 (2):281-300.
Jean-Pierre Boissel (2010). In Silico Study of the Influence of Intensity and Duration of Blood Flow Reduction on Cell Death Through Necrosis or Apoptosis During Acute Ischemic Stroke. Acta Biotheoretica 58 (2):171-190.
David Woodruff Smith (1988). Bodily Versus Cognitive Intentionality. Noûs 22 (March):51-52.
Nicholas P. Holmes & Charles Spence (2006). Beyond the Body Schema: Visual, Prosthetic, and Technological Contributions to Bodily Perception and Awareness. In Günther Knoblich, Ian M. Thornton, Marc Grosjean & Maggie Shiffrar (eds.), Human Body Perception From the Inside Out. Oxford University Press. 15-64.
D. Greimann (2000). The Judgement-Stroke as a Truth-Operator: A New Interpretation of the Logical Form of Sentences in Frege's Scientific Language. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 52 (2):213-238.
G. Dunberger, H. Thulin, A. -C. Waldenstrom, H. Lind, L. Henningsohn, E. Avall-Lundqvist, G. Steineck & U. Kreicbergs (2013). Cancer Survivors' Perception of Participation in a Long-Term Follow-Up Study. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (1):41-45.
David Morris (2008). Body. In Rosalyn Diprose & Jack Reynolds (eds.), Merleau-ponty: Key Concepts. Acumen Publishing. 111-120.
M. Sabine (2009). Body Integrity Identity Disorder (Biid)—is the Amputation of Healthy Limbs Ethically Justified? American Journal of Bioethics 9 (1):36 – 43.
Frédérique de Vignemont (2011). A Self for the Body. Metaphilosophy 42 (3):230-247.
J. Viret, L. Tela, F. Canini & L. Bourdon (2000). Hydrodynamic Model of Heat Stroke. Acta Biotheoretica 48 (3-4).
Added to index2012-03-16
Total downloads5 ( #176,289 of 1,018,111 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #65,012 of 1,018,111 )
How can I increase my downloads?