David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Zygon 44 (3):675-698 (2009)
I draw upon the conceptual resources of the extended mind thesis to analyze empathy and interpersonal understanding. Against the dominant mentalistic paradigm, I argue that empathy is fundamentally an extended bodily activity and that much of our social understanding happens outside of the head. First, I look at how the two dominant models of interpersonal understanding, theory theory and simulation theory, portray the cognitive link between folk psychology and empathy. Next, I challenge their internalist orthodoxy and offer an alternative "extended" characterization of empathy. In support of this characterization, I analyze some narratives of individuals with Moebius syndrome, a kind of expressive deficit resulting from bilateral facial paralysis. I conclude by discussing how a Zen Buddhist ethics of responsiveness is helpful for articulating the practical significance of an extended, body-based account of empathy.
|Keywords||Empathy Extended Mind Other Minds|
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References found in this work BETA
Andy Clark (2008). Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension. Oxford University Press.
James J. Gibson (1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Houghton Mifflin.
Alva Noë (2005). Action in Perception. The MIT Press.
John Dewey (2008). Experience and Nature. McCutchen Pr.
Citations of this work BETA
John A. Teske (2011). Externalism, Relational Selves, and Redemptive Relationships. Zygon 46 (1):183-203.
Leslie Marsh (2009). Mindscapes and Landscapes: Exploring the Extended Mind. Zygon 44 (3):625-627.
Kenneth Aizawa (2013). Introduction to “The Material Bases of Cognition”. Minds and Machines 23 (3):277-286.
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