David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Asian Philosophy 16 (2):123-134 (2006)
In the Western studies of the texts of Mozi, three distinctive views have surfaced in the past few decades: (1) Mozi is inconsistent because he seems to have been committed to both a Utilitarian standard and a divine command theory; (2) Mozi is a divine command theorist who argues that it is right to benefit the world because it is the will of heaven; and (3) Mozi is a utilitarian thinker who has based morality on the criterion of whether actions benefit the world. In this paper, I will argue that the whole debate about whether Mozi is a divine command theorist or a utilitarian is misguided, because it is based on an incorrect understanding of the fundamental cultural perspective associated with the notion of Tian. An adequate understanding of the notion of Tian will reveal its fundamental difference from the Western notion of heaven. Such an understanding will enable us to put Mozi's moral philosophy in the ancient Chinese perspective in which a tension and potential conflict between 'the will of heaven' and 'the benefit of the world' simply cannot arise.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Dennis M. Ahern (1976). Is Mo Tzu a Utilitarian? Journal of Chinese Philosophy 3 (2):185-193.
Jane Geaney (1999). A Critique of A.C. Graham's Reconstruction of the "Neo-Mohist Canons". Journal of the American Oriental Society 19 (1):1-11.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Dan Robins (2011). Ian Johnston, The Mozi: A Complete Translation. [REVIEW] Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (4):551-556.
Kristopher Duda (2001). Reconsidering Mo Tzu on the Foundations of Morality. Asian Philosophy 11 (1):23 – 31.
Steven A. Stegeman (2011). Unfolding Mozi's Standard of Sound Doctrine. Asian Philosophy 21 (3):227 - 239.
Benjamin Wong & Hui-Chieh Loy (2004). War and Ghosts in Mozi's Political Philosophy. Philosophy East and West 54 (3):343-363.
Changchi Hao (2006). Is Mozi a Utilitarian Philosopher? Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (3):382-400.
Xiufen Lu 1 (2006). Understanding Mozi's Foundations of Morality: A Comparative Perspective. Asian Philosophy 16 (2):123-134.
Daniel M. Johnson (2011). Mozi's Moral Theory: Breaking the Hermeneutical Stalemate. Philosophy East and West 61 (2):347-364.
Yong Li (2006). The Divine Command Theory of Mozi. Asian Philosophy 16 (3):237 – 245.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads26 ( #75,267 of 1,413,415 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #94,648 of 1,413,415 )
How can I increase my downloads?