David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (2):123-134 (1986)
Clinical decisionmaking includes reasoning from prescientific or scientific theories, reasoning from uncontrolled or controlled experience, and reasoning based on empathic understanding and moral beliefe. The development of contemporary clinical thinking is discussed, and it is found that successive generations of medical practitioners have had different views of the rationality and relative importance of these modes of reasoning: that which is considered rational by one generation of doctors is sometimes denounced by the next. The author's book, Rational Diagnosis and Treatment , which is an example of clinical thinking in the 1960s and early 70s, is used to illustrate one particular view of clinical decisionmaking. Keywords: rational, clinical decisionmaking, biological theory, controlled clinical studies, empathic understanding, ethical reasoning CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
|Keywords||Diagnosis Therapeutics Nosology|
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Citations of this work BETA
Jeannette Hofmeijer (2014). Evidence-Based Medical Knowledge: The Neglected Role of Expert Opinion. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):803-808.
H. Tristram Engelhardt (1980). Ethical Issues in Diagnosis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (1):39-50.
G. William Moore & Grover M. Hutchins (1987). Three Paradoxes of Medical Diagnosis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):197-215.
Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1980). Bayesian Diagnostics: A Bibliography Part. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (1):107-124.
Laurence B. McCullough & Charles E. Christianson (1987). Ethical Dimensions of Diagnosis: A Case Study and Analysis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):129-143.
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