David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (2):123-134 (1986)
Clinical decisionmaking includes reasoning from prescientific or scientific theories, reasoning from uncontrolled or controlled experience, and reasoning based on empathic understanding and moral beliefe. The development of contemporary clinical thinking is discussed, and it is found that successive generations of medical practitioners have had different views of the rationality and relative importance of these modes of reasoning: that which is considered rational by one generation of doctors is sometimes denounced by the next. The author's book, Rational Diagnosis and Treatment , which is an example of clinical thinking in the 1960s and early 70s, is used to illustrate one particular view of clinical decisionmaking. Keywords: rational, clinical decisionmaking, biological theory, controlled clinical studies, empathic understanding, ethical reasoning CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
H. Tristram Engelhardt (1980). Ethical Issues in Diagnosis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (1):39-50.
G. William Moore & Grover M. Hutchins (1987). Three Paradoxes of Medical Diagnosis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):197-215.
Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1980). Bayesian Diagnostics: A Bibliography Part. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (1):107-124.
Laurence B. McCullough & Charles E. Christianson (1987). Ethical Dimensions of Diagnosis: A Case Study and Analysis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):129-143.
Similar books and articles
Franklin G. Miller & Howard Brody (2002). What Makes Placebo-Controlled Trials Unethical? American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):3 – 9.
Hillel D. Braude (2012). Intuition in Medicine: A Philosophical Defense of Clinical Reasoning. The University of Chicago Press.
Eugenie Gatens-Robinson (1986). Clinical Judgment and the Rationality of the Human Sciences. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (2):167-178.
Marx W. Wartofsky (1986). Clinical Judgment, Expert Programs, and Cognitive Style: A Counter-Essay in the Logic of Diagnosis. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (1):81-92.
Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1982). Foundations of Clinical Praxiology Part II: Categorical and Conjectural Diagnoses. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (1):101-114.
William E. Stempsey (2009). Clinical Reasoning: New Challenges. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (3):173-179.
Henrik R. Wulff (1995). The Inherent Paternalism in Clinical Practice. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (3):299-311.
Caroline Whitbeck (1981). What is Diagnosis? Some Critical Reflections. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):319-329.
Peter C. Gøtzsche (2007). Rational Diagnosis and Treatment: Evidence-Based Clinical Decision-Making. J. Wiley.
David C. Thomasma (1986). Philosophical Reflections on a Rational Treatment Plan. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (2):157-165.
Added to index2010-08-16
Total downloads12 ( #106,433 of 1,088,810 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,666 of 1,088,810 )
How can I increase my downloads?