The double meanings of “essence”: The natural and humane sciences — a tentative linkage of Hegel, Dilthey, and Husserl [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (1):143-155 (2009)
Early in Aristotle’s terminology, and ever since, “essence” has been conceived as having two meanings, namely “universality” and “individuality”. According to the tradition of thought that has dominated throughout the history of Western philosophy, “essence” unequivocally refers to “universality”. As a matter of fact, however, “universality” cannot cover Aristotle’s definition and formulation of “essence”: Essence is what makes a thing “happen to be this thing.” “Individuality” should be the deep meaning of “essence”. By means of an analysis of some relevant Western thoughts and a review of cultural realities, it can be concluded that the difference between the attitudes toward things of the natural sciences and the humane sciences mainly lies in the fact that the former focus on the pursuit of universal regularity, whereas the latter go after the value and significance of human life. The movement from natural things to cultural things is a process in which essence shifts from universality to individuality. It is the author’s contention that what should be stressed in the fields of human culture and society is the construction of an ideal society that is “harmonious yet not identical”, on the basis of respecting and developing individual peculiarity and otherness.
|Keywords||essence universality individuality natural science human science culture 本质 普遍性 个体性 自然科学 人文科学 文化|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Aristotle (1960). Metaphysics. Univ of Michigan Pr.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Sherry Deveaux (2003). The Divine Essence and the Conception of God in Spinoza. Synthese 135 (3):329 - 338.
Makoto Ozaki (2007). On the Essence of Substance as the Individual. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 7:185-189.
Neil Cooper (1995). The Epistemology of Understanding. Inquiry 38 (3):205 – 215.
David S. Oderberg (2011). Essence and Properties. Erkenntnis 75 (1):85-111.
S. Marc Cohen (1978). Individual and Essence in Aristotle's Metaphysics. Paideia (Special Aristotle Edition):75-85.
Dezhi Duan (2007). Aquinas' Transcendences to Aristotle in the Doctrine of Essence. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (4):572-582.
Zhen Han (2010). Some Remarks on the Re-Building of the Category of Essence and the Reflective Modernity. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (1):134-141.
Zhang Shiying & Zhang Lin (2009). The Double Meanings of "Essence": The Natural and Humane Sciences — A Tentative Linkage of Hegel, Dilthey, and Husserl. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (1):143 - 155.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads21 ( #77,826 of 1,096,585 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #50,170 of 1,096,585 )
How can I increase my downloads?