The Emergence and Development of Animal Research Ethics: A Review with a Focus on Nonhuman Primates

Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (4):2277-2293 (2020)
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The ethics of using nonhuman animals in biomedical research is usually seen as a subfield of animal ethics. In recent years, however, the ethics of animal research has increasingly become a subfield within research ethics under the term “animal research ethics”. Consequently, ethical issues have become prominent that are familiar in the context of human research ethics, such as autonomy or self-determination, harms and benefits, justice, and vulnerability. After a brief overview of the development of the field and a discussion of relevant theoretical ethical frameworks, I consider two of these issues, namely autonomy and self-determination on the one hand, and harms and benefits on the other hand. My concern is with philosophical and ethical issues, rather than animal research oversight. I focus my discussion on nonhuman primates, as the most plausible nonhuman candidates for this approach. I conclude that the approach, although promising, depends strongly on the moral status of nonhuman research subjects.



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Citations of this work

Asking the Right Questions about Research with Nonhuman Primates.Gardar Arnason, Sara Tinnemeyer & Jens Clausen - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 11 (3):189-191.
What Do Chimeras Think About?Benjamin Capps - forthcoming - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics:1-19.

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Principles of Biomedical Ethics.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1979 - New York: Oxford University Press.
Anarchy, State, and Utopia.Robert Nozick - 1974 - New York: Basic Books.
A Theory of Justice: Revised Edition.John Rawls - 1999 - Harvard University Press.
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Animal Liberation.Peter Singer (ed.) - 1977 - Avon Books.

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