Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (2):175-185 (2014)

Abstract
A common assumption in the selection of nonhuman animal subjects for research and the approval of research is that, if the risks of a procedure are too great for humans, and if there is a so-called scientific necessity, then it is permissible to use nonhuman animal subjects. I reject the common assumption as neglecting the central ethical issue of the permissibility of using nonhuman animal subjects and as being inconsistent with the principle of justice used in human subjects research ethics. This principle requires that certain classes of individuals not be subjected to a disproportionate share of the burdens or risks of research. I argue for an extension of this principle to nonhuman animal research and show that a prima facie violation of the principle occurs because nonhuman animals bear an overwhelmingly disproportionate share of the risks of research without sufficient justification or reciprocal benefit
Keywords Laboratory animals  Research ethics  Chimpanzees  Animal welfare  Animal rights  Principle of justice
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DOI 10.1007/s11017-014-9290-8
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References found in this work BETA

Taking Rights Seriously.Alan R. White - 1977 - Philosophical Quarterly 27 (109):379-380.
Natural Law and Natural Rights.Richard Tuck - 1981 - Philosophical Quarterly 31 (124):282-284.
Taking Animals Seriously: Mental Life and Moral Status.David Degrazia - 1999 - Philosophical Quarterly 49 (195):246-247.
Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions.Gary Varner - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (2):281-286.

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Citations of this work BETA

Letter to the Editor.Ray Greek - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (5):389-394.

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