Stocking the Genetic Supermarket: Reproductive Genetic Technologies and Collective Action Problems

Bioethics 29 (4):241-250 (2015)

Authors
Thomas Douglas
Oxford University
Chris Gyngell
Australian National University
Abstract
Reproductive genetic technologies allow parents to decide whether their future children will have or lack certain genetic predispositions. A popular model that has been proposed for regulating access to RGTs is the ‘genetic supermarket’. In the genetic supermarket, parents are free to make decisions about which genes to select for their children with little state interference. One possible consequence of the genetic supermarket is that collective action problems will arise: if rational individuals use the genetic supermarket in isolation from one another, this may have a negative effect on society as a whole, including future generations. In this article we argue that RGTs targeting height, innate immunity, and certain cognitive traits could lead to collective action problems. We then discuss whether this risk could in principle justify state intervention in the genetic supermarket. We argue that there is a plausible prima facie case for the view that such state intervention would be justified and respond to a number of arguments that might be adduced against that view
Keywords enhancement  reproduction  genetic selection  collective action problems  genetics
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DOI 10.1111/bioe.12098
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Anarchy, State, and Utopia.Robert Nozick - 1974 - Philosophy 52 (199):102-105.
Διήφυσε.T. L. Agar - 1897 - The Classical Review 11 (09):445-447.

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What It’s Like to Be Good.John Harris - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (3):293-305.

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