Equality, priority and person-affecting value


Authors
Ingmar Persson
Oxford University
Abstract
Derek Parfit has argued that (Teleological) Egalitarianism is objectionable by breaking a person-affecting claim to the effect that an outcome cannot be better in any respect - such as that of equality - if it is better for nobody. So, he presents the Priorty View, i.e., the policy of giving priority to benefiting the worse-off, which avoids this objection. But it is here argued, first, that there is another person-affecting claim that this view violates. Secondly, Egalitarianism can be construed as person-affecting in a weaker sense. Thirdly, it is possible to construct a Relational version of the Priority View which incorporates the Egalitarian value of just equality in this sense. Two reasons are given for why this Relational View and Egalitarianism are superior to the Parfitian Absolute Priority View. However, no attempt is made to abjudicate between the first two views, the main point being that they both accept the value of just equality in the same sense.
Keywords egalitarianism  equality  levelling-down  Derek Parfit  person-affecting  priority view  utilitarianism
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1023/A:1011486120534
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 39,566
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Priority and Desert.Matthew Rendall - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (5):939-951.
In Defense of Priority.S. Segall - 2015 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 14 (4):343-364.
Incas and Aliens: The Truth in Telic Egalitarianism.Shlomi Segall - 2016 - Economics and Philosophy 32 (1):1-19.
Prioritarianism and the Levelling Down Objection.Thomas Porter - 2011 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (2):197-206.

View all 9 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Value of Equality.Bertil Tungodden - 2003 - Economics and Philosophy 19 (1):1-44.
Describing Equality.Carl Knight - 2009 - Law and Philosophy 28 (4):327 - 365.
On the Value of Distributional Equality.Joseph Raz - 2009 - In Stephen De Wijze, Matthew H. Kramer & Ian Carter (eds.), Hillel Steiner and the Anatomy of Justice: Themes and Challenges. Routledge.
Genes and Equality.Colin Farrelly - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (6):587-592.
Equality and Priority.Martin Peterson & Sven Ove Hansson - 2005 - Utilitas 17 (3):299-309.
Equality, Priority or What?Larry S. Temkin - 2003 - Economics and Philosophy 19 (1):61-87.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
101 ( #70,837 of 2,325,859 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
13 ( #66,816 of 2,325,859 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature