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Wendy E. Shields [3]William M. Shields [3]W. Shields [1]
  1. The Comparative Psychology of Uncertainty Monitoring and Metacognition.J. Smith, W. Shields & D. Washburn - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):317-339.
    Researchers have begun to explore animals' capacities for uncertainty monitoring and metacognition. This exploration could extend the study of animal self-awareness and establish the relationship of self-awareness to other-awareness. It could sharpen descriptions of metacognition in the human literature and suggest the earliest roots of metacognition in human development. We summarize research on uncertainty monitoring by humans, monkeys, and a dolphin within perceptual and metamemory tasks. We extend phylogenetically the search for metacognitive capacities by considering studies that have tested less (...)
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  2.  3
    Uncertain Responses by Humans and Rhesus Monkeys in a Psychophysical Same–Different Task.Wendy E. Shields, J. David Smith & David A. Washburn - 1997 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 126 (2):147-164.
  3.  7
    Memory Monitoring by Animals and Humans.J. David Smith, Wendy E. Shields, Kenneth R. Allendoerfer & David A. Washburn - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (3):227-250.
  4.  14
    Inaugurating a New Area of Comparative Cognition Research.J. David Smith, Wendy E. Shields & David A. Washburn - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):358-369.
    There was a strong consensus in the commentaries that animals' performances in metacognition paradigms indicate high-level decisional processes that cannot be explained associatively. Our response summarizes this consensus and the support for the idea that these performances demonstrate animal metacognition. We amplify the idea that there is an adaptive advantage favoring animals who can – in an immediate moment of difficulty or uncertainty – construct a decisional assemblage that lets them find an appropriate behavioral solution. A working consciousness would serve (...)
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  5.  2
    Uncertain Paternity, Matrilineality, and Cross-Cousin Marriage: Hidden Connections?William M. Shields - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):678-679.
  6.  2
    Avian Song Dialects: Genetic Adaptation and Deceptive Mimicry?William M. Shields - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):114-115.
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