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Forthcoming articles
  1. Mickey Gjerris (forthcoming). Willed Blindness: A Discussion of Our Moral Shortcomings in Relation to Animals. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-16.
    This article describes how we seem to live in a willed blindness towards the effects that our meat production and consumption have on animals, the environment and the climate. A willed blindness that cannot be explained by either lack of knowledge or scientific uncertainty. The blindness enables us to see ourselves as moral beings although our lack of reaction to the effects of our actions tells another story. The article describes the consequences of intensive meat production and consumption to animal (...)
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  2. Wouter Peeters, Jo Dirix & Sigrid Sterckx (forthcoming). Towards an Integration of the Ecological Space Paradigm and the Capabilities Approach. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-18.
    In order to develop a model of equitable and sustainable distribution, this paper advocates integrating the ecological space paradigm and the capabilities approach. As the currency of distribution, this account proposes a hybrid of capabilities and ecological space. Although the goal of distributive justice should be to secure and promote people’s capabilities now and in the future, doing so requires acknowledging that these capabilities are dependent on the biophysical preconditions as well as inculcating the ethos of restraint. Both issues have (...)
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  3. Benjamin L. Turner, Melissa Wuellner, Timothy Nichols & Roger Gates (forthcoming). Dueling Land Ethics: Uncovering Agricultural Stakeholder Mental Models to Better Understand Recent Land Use Conversion. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-26.
    The aim of this paper is to investigate how alternative land ethics of agricultural stakeholders may help explain recent land use changes. The paper first explores the historical development of the land ethic concept in the United States and how those ethics have impacted land use policy and use of private lands. Secondly, primary data gathered from semi-structured interviews of farmers, ranchers, and influential stakeholders are then analyzed using stakeholder analysis methods to identify major factors considered in land use decisions, (...)
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  4. Dominique Blache A. Lee (forthcoming). Farmer's Response to Societal Concerns About Farm Animal Welfare: The Case of Mulesing. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
    The study explored the motivations behind Australian wool producers’ intentions regarding mulesing; a surgical procedure that will be voluntarily phased out after 2010, following retailer boycotts led by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. Telephone interviews were conducted with 22 West Australian wool producers and consultants to elicit their behavioral, normative and control beliefs about mulesing and alternative methods of breech strike prevention. Results indicate that approximately half the interviewees intend to continue mulesing, despite attitudes toward the act of (...)
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  5. Marko Ahteensuu & Susanna Lehvävirta (forthcoming). Assisted Migration, Risks and Scientific Uncertainty, and Ethics: A Comment on Albrecht Et Al.'S Review Paper. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-7.
    In response to Albrecht et al.’s (J Agric Environ Ethics 26(4):827–845, 2013) discussion on the ethics of assisted migration, we emphasize the issues of risk and scientific uncertainty as an inextricable part of a comprehensive ethical evaluation. Insisting on a separation of risk and ethical considerations, although arguably common in many policy contexts, is at best misguided and at worst damaging.
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  6. Marianne Benard & Tjard de Cock Buning (forthcoming). Exploring the Potential of Dutch Pig Farmers and Urban-Citizens to Learn Through Frame Reflection. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  7. Marianne Benard, Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker & Tjard de Cock Buning (forthcoming). Scientists and Dutch Pig Farmers in Dialogue About Tail Biting: Unravelling the Mechanism of Multi-Stakeholder Learning. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  8. K. Boogaard Birgit, B. Bock Bettina, J. Oosting Simon, S. C. Wiskerke Johannes & J. der Zijpp Akkvane (forthcoming). Social Acceptance of Dairy Farming: The Ambivalence Between the Two Faces of Modernity. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
    Society’s relationship with modern animal farming is an ambivalent one: on the one hand there is rising criticism about modern animal farming; on the other hand people appreciate certain aspects of it, such as increased food safety and low food prices. This ambivalence reflects the two faces of modernity: the negative (exploitation of nature and loss of traditions) and the positive (progress, convenience, and efficiency). This article draws on a national survey carried out in the Netherlands that aimed at gaining (...)
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  9. Donald M. Broom (forthcoming). A Usable Definition of Animal Welfare. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  10. Mark Coeckelbergh & David J. Gunkel (forthcoming). Facing Animals: A Relational, Other-Oriented Approach to Moral Standing. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-19.
    In this essay we reflect critically on how animal ethics, and in particular thinking about moral standing, is currently configured. Starting from the work of two influential “analytic” thinkers in this field, Peter Singer and Tom Regan, we examine some basic assumptions shared by these positions and demonstrate their conceptual failings—ones that have, despite efforts to the contrary, the general effect of marginalizing and excluding others. Inspired by the so-called “continental” philosophical tradition (in particular Emmanuel Levinas, Martin Heidegger, and Jacques (...)
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  11. David S. Conner, Noelle Sevoian, Sarah N. Heiss & Linda Berlin (forthcoming). The Diverse Values and Motivations of Vermont Farm to Institution Supply Chain Actors. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-19.
    Farm to institution (FTI) efforts aim to increase the amount of locally produced foods, typically fruits and vegetables, served by institutions such as schools, colleges, hospitals, senior meal sites, and correctional facilities. Scholars have cited these efforts as contributing to public health and community-based food systems goals. Prior research has found that relationships based on shared values have played a critical role in motivating and sustaining FTI efforts. We review previous studies, discussing values that motivate participation, and affect practices and (...)
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  12. Stanley E. Curtis (forthcoming). Future Directions of Science and Public Policy. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  13. Courtney Lynd Daigle (forthcoming). Incorporating the Philosophy of Technology Into Animal Welfare Assessment. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-15.
    Changes in attitudes towards how animals are housed in agriculture are currently under question in the public eye—particularly for laying hens. Many arguments from the rights and utilitarian viewpoints have been made for changing environmental conditions and managerial practices for animals in an effort to respect the interests of the animal and better their welfare. Yet, these arguments have been based upon belief systems that were developed from information that can be collected by human perception only. Technological advancements can facilitate (...)
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  14. Pablo Martinez de Anguita, Maria Ángeles Martín & Abbie Clare (forthcoming). Environmental Subsidiarity as a Guiding Principle for Forestry Governance: Application to Payment for Ecosystem Services and REDD+ Architecture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-15.
    This article describes and proposes the “environmental subsidiarity principle” as a guiding ethical value in forestry governance. Different trends in environmental management such as local participation, decentralization or global governance have emerged in the last two decades at the global, national and local level. This article suggests that the conscious or unconscious application of subsidiarity has been the ruling principle that has allocated the level at which tasks have been assigned to different agents. Based on this hypothesis this paper describes (...)
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  15. Rachel Dodds, Mark Holmes, Vichukan Arunsopha, Nicole Chin, Trang Le, Samantha Maung & Mimi Shum (forthcoming). Consumer Choice and Farmers' Markets. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-20.
    The increasing popularity of local food consumption can be attributed to the heightened awareness of food safety concerns, carbon emissions produced from food transportation, and an understanding of how large corporations’ obtain their food supplies. Although there is increasing discussion on both the local and organic food movement independently, there is not a wide availability of literature examining the motivations and perceptions of consumers with regard to farmers’ markets. Issues such as perceptions about what type of food consumers are purchasing (...)
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  16. Ian J. H. Duncan (forthcoming). Welfare is to Do with What Animals Feel. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  17. Roger Ewbank (forthcoming). Farm Animal Welfare: A Historical Overview. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  18. Quentin Farmar-Bowers (forthcoming). Food Security: One of a Number of 'Securities' We Need for a Full Life: An Australian Perspective. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-19.
    Although agriculture in Australia is very productive, the current food supply systems in Australia fail to deliver healthy diets to all Australians and fail to protect the natural resources on which they depend. The operation of the food systems creates ‘collateral damage’ to the natural environment including biodiversity loss. In coming decades, Australia’s food supply systems will be increasingly challenged by resource price inflation and climate change. Australia exports more than half of its current agricultural production. Government and business are (...)
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  19. É Gocsik, H. W. Saatkamp, C. C. De Lauwere & Agjm Oude Lansink (forthcoming). A Conceptual Approach for a Quantitative Economic Analysis of Farmers' Decision-Making Regarding Animal Welfare. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  20. João Graça, Maria Manuela Calheiros & Abílio Oliveira (forthcoming). Moral Disengagement in Harmful but Cherished Food Practices? An Exploration Into the Case of Meat. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-17.
    Harmful but culturally cherished practices often endure in spite of the damages they cause. Meat consumption is increasingly becoming one of such cases and may provide an opportunity from which to observe these phenomena. Growing evidence indicates that current and projected production and consumption patterns are important contributors to significant environmental problems, public health degradation, and animal suffering. Our aim is to contribute to a further understanding of the psychological factors that may hinder or promote personal disposition to change food (...)
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  21. J. Nijland Hanneke, M. C. Aarts Noelle & Reint Jan Renes (forthcoming). Frames and Ambivalence in Context: An Analysis of Hands-on Experts' Perception of the Welfare of Animals in Traveling Circuses in the Netherlands. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
    The results of an empirical study into the perceptions of “hands-on” experts concerning the welfare of (non-human) animals in traveling circuses in the Netherlands are presented. A qualitative approach, based on in-depth conversations with trainers/performers, former trainers/performers, veterinarians, and an owner of an animal shelter, conveyed several patterns in the contextual construction of perceptions and the use of dissonance reduction strategies. Perceptions were analyzed with the help of the Symbolic Convergence Theory and the model of the frame of reference, consisting (...)
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  22. Astrid Heid & Ulrich Hamm (forthcoming). Einstellung der Verbraucher zu Alternativen zur Ferkelkastration ohne Betäubung im ökologischen Landbau: Qualitative Ergebnisse aus Deutschland. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  23. Alexander Harrow Kaufman & Jeremiah Mock (forthcoming). Cultivating Greater Well-Being: The Benefits Thai Organic Farmers Experience From Adopting Buddhist Eco-Spirituality. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-23.
    Organic farming is spreading throughout Asia, including in Thailand. Little is known about whether farmers’ values change as they make the shift from conventional farming to organic farming. The benefits farmers perceive from making the shift have also scarcely been studied. We investigated these factors in Northeastern Thailand by conducting observations, key informant interviews, semi-structured interviews and questionnaire interviews. We found that as Thai farmers adopted organic methods, they developed an eco-consciousness. In comparing members of a Buddhist temple-based organic farmer (...)
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  24. Suk Shin Kim (forthcoming). The Mini-Cup Jelly Court Cases: A Comparative Analysis From a Food Ethics Perspective. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-14.
    This study compares and analyzes separate court rulings in three countries on “mini-cup jelly” (a firm jelly containing konjac and packaged in bite-sized plastic cups) from a food ethics perspective. While the Korean and US courts decided that the mini-cup jelly was defective, and that the manufacturers or importers were liable for damages in these cases, the Japanese court took an opposing stance in favor of the manufacturer. However, from an absolute and fundamental viewpoint, the jelly was unacceptable, ethically as (...)
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  25. Bishal Kishor Atreya, Fred K. Sitaula, Roshan H. Johnsen & M. Bajracharya (forthcoming). Continuing Issues in the Limitations of Pesticide Use in Developing Countries. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
    The rationale for pesticide use in agriculture is that costs associated with pesticide pollution are to be justified by its benefits, but this is not so obvious. Valuing the benefits by simple economic analysis has increased pesticide use in agriculture and consequently produced pesticide-induced “public ills.” This paper attempts to explore the research gaps of the economic and social consequences of pesticide use in developing countries, particularly with an example of Nepal. We argue that although the negative sides of agricultural (...)
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  26. Hugh Lehman (forthcoming). Are Value Judgements Inherent in Scientific Assessment? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  27. Clement Loo (forthcoming). Towards a More Participative Definition of Food Justice. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-23.
    This paper argues that the definition of food justice must be defined in more participatory terms. Current accounts of food justice tend to emphasize distributional inequalities. However, there is broad recognition that these distributional inequalities are the result of participative inequalities and that the participation of marginalized groups in advocacy plays an important role in creating just food systems. In addition, thinking of food justice in more participative terms also suggests a more well-rounded and comprehensive approach to dealing with inequalities (...)
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  28. T. MacMillan & E. Dowler (forthcoming). Secure and Sustainable? Examining the Rhetoric and Potential Realities of UK Food and Agriculture Policy. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
     
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  29. Clare McCausland (forthcoming). The Five Freedoms of Animal Welfare Are Rights. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-14.
    In this paper I defend a theory of welfare rights for nonhuman animals. I do this by demonstrating that a well-established framework for protecting the interests of farm animals, the ‘Five Freedoms of Animal Welfare’, is already functioning just as a set of rights. To support this claim I adopt a common approach to detecting evidence for deontological reasoning and look at the structural features of rights. I first consider Hohfeld’s system of legal rights and consider whether the Five Freedoms (...)
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  30. Joy A. Mench (forthcoming). Assessing Animal Welfare: An Overview. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  31. Gary P. Moberg (forthcoming). Using Risk Assessment to Define Domestic Animal Welfare. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  32. Mark C. Navin (forthcoming). Local Food and International Ethics. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-20.
    Many advocate practices of ‘local food’ or ‘locavorism’ as a partial solution to the injustices and unsustainability of contemporary food systems. I think that there is much to be said in favor of local food movements, but these virtues are insufficient to immunize locavorism from criticism. In particular, three duties of international ethics—beneficence, repair and fairness—may provide reasons for constraining the developed world’s permissible pursuit of local food. A complete account of why (and how) the fulfillment of these duties constrains (...)
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  33. Anna Peterson (forthcoming). Review of Tatjana Višak, Killing Happy Animals: Explorations in Utilitarian Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-3.
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  34. Louis-Etienne Pigeon & Lyne Létourneau (forthcoming). The Leading Canadian NGOs' Discourse on Fish Farming: From Ecocentric Intuitions to Biocentric Solutions. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-19.
    The development of the aquaculture industry in Canada has triggered a conflict of a scope never seen before. As stated in Young and Matthews’ The Aquaculture Controversy, this debate has “mushroomed over the past several decades to become one of the most bitter and stubborn face-offs over industrial development ever witnessed in Canada” (Young and Matthews in The aquaculture controversy in Canada. Activism, policy and contested science. UBC Press, Vancouver, p 3, 2010). It opposes a wide variety of actors: from (...)
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  35. John Rossi & Samual A. Garner (forthcoming). Industrial Farm Animal Production: A Comprehensive Moral Critique. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-44.
    Over the past century, animal agriculture in the United States has transformed from a system of small, family farms to a largely industrialized model—often known as ‘industrial farm animal production’ (IFAP). This model has successfully produced a large supply of cheap meat, eggs and dairy products, but at significant costs to animal welfare, the environment, the risk of zoonotic disease, the economic and social health of rural communities, and overall food abundance. Over the past 40 years, numerous critiques of IFAP (...)
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  36. Lawrence Souder & Edward Bottone (forthcoming). De Gustibus Disputandum: The Aesthetics and Ethics of Taste in the Rhetorical Genre of the Restaurant Review. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-13.
    Contemporary professional restaurant reviews have consequences beyond the dinner plate. They now face challenges from the democratizing efforts of blogs and crowd-sourced reviews. Thus an analysis seems appropriate for determining how they are written and what might be lost should they be replaced. Restaurant reviews are presumed to be a species of art and literary criticism and as such have evolved as a rhetorical genre. Through genre analysis we inductively construct the form of the professional restaurant review and then apply (...)
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  37. W. Ray Stricklin & Joy A. Mench (forthcoming). International Conference on Farm Animal Welfare: Ethical, Scientific and Technological Perspectives. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  38. Christian Turra, Carlos Eduardo de Freitas Vian, Flávia Angeli Guisi Nielsen, Priscilla Silva Santos & Luis Fernando de Freitas Penteado (forthcoming). Overview of the Brazilian Citriculture Certification. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-17.
    This study aims to characterize the different types of certification in the Brazilian citriculture as well as analyze the major changes in the market. The paper also has the objective to discuss how social and environmental factors influence the demand for food certifications and the sustainability and ethics aspects in the field. Therefore, a literature review on the subject was carried out as well as a qualitative research using interviews with certifiers, governmental institutions, farmers, cooperatives and producer associations. The certification (...)
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