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Forthcoming articles
  1. Dominique Blache A. Lee (forthcoming). Farmer's Response to Societal Concerns About Farm Animal Welfare: The Case of Mulesing. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
    The study explored the motivations behind Australian wool producers’ intentions regarding mulesing; a surgical procedure that will be voluntarily phased out after 2010, following retailer boycotts led by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. Telephone interviews were conducted with 22 West Australian wool producers and consultants to elicit their behavioral, normative and control beliefs about mulesing and alternative methods of breech strike prevention. Results indicate that approximately half the interviewees intend to continue mulesing, despite attitudes toward the act of (...)
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  2. Patrik Baard (forthcoming). Adaptive Ideals and Aspirational Goals: The Utopian Ideals and Realist Constraints of Climate Change Adaptation. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-19.
    There is a growing need to implement anticipatory climate change adaptation measures, particularly in vulnerable sectors, such as in agriculture. However, setting goals to adapt is wrought with several challenges. This paper discusses two sets of challenges to goals of anticipatory adaptation, of empirical and normative character. The first set of challenges concern issues such as the extent to which the climate will change, the local impacts of such changes, and available adaptive responses. In the second set of uncertainties are (...)
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  3. Pietro Barbieri & Stefano Bocchi (forthcoming). Analysis of the Alternative Agriculture’s Seeds Market Sector: History and Development. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-13.
    Alternative agricultural systems, like organic and local agriculture, are becoming increasingly important in Europe to the detriment of conventional methods. As a matter of fact, sustainable agriculture, which started as a niche sector, has been able to conquer a significant share of the European agro-food market. Institutional promotion along with increasing consumer demand has allowed for the development of different agricultural models, from the farm to the fork, with an increasing focus on the ethical issues associated with the agro-food production (...)
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  4. Marianne Benard, Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker & Tjard de Cock Buning (forthcoming). Scientists and Dutch Pig Farmers in Dialogue About Tail Biting: Unravelling the Mechanism of Multi-Stakeholder Learning. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  5. K. Boogaard Birgit, B. Bock Bettina, J. Oosting Simon, S. C. Wiskerke Johannes & J. der Zijpp Akkvane (forthcoming). Social Acceptance of Dairy Farming: The Ambivalence Between the Two Faces of Modernity. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
    Society’s relationship with modern animal farming is an ambivalent one: on the one hand there is rising criticism about modern animal farming; on the other hand people appreciate certain aspects of it, such as increased food safety and low food prices. This ambivalence reflects the two faces of modernity: the negative (exploitation of nature and loss of traditions) and the positive (progress, convenience, and efficiency). This article draws on a national survey carried out in the Netherlands that aimed at gaining (...)
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  6. Andrea Borghini (forthcoming). What Is a Recipe? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-20.
    The ontology of recipes is by and large unexplored. In this paper, I offer a three-steps account. After introducing some key terminology, I distinguish four main options for a theory of recipes: realism, constructivism, existentialism, and the naïve approach. Hence, I first argue that recipes are social entities whose identity depends on a process of identification, typically performed by means of a performative utterance on the part of a cook ; thus, the best theoretical framework for a theory of recipes (...)
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  7. Donald M. Broom (forthcoming). A Usable Definition of Animal Welfare. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  8. Stijn Bruers (forthcoming). In Defense of Eating Vegan. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-13.
    In his article ‘In Defense of Eating Meat’, Timothy Hsiao argued that sentience is not sufficient for moral status, that the pain experienced by an animal is bad but not morally bad, that the nutritional interests of humans trump the interests of animals and that eating meat is permissible. In this article I explore the strengths and weaknesses of Hsiao’s argument, clarify some issues and argue that eating meat is likely in conflict with some of our strongest moral intuitions.
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  9. Stanley E. Curtis (forthcoming). Future Directions of Science and Public Policy. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  10. Ian J. H. Duncan (forthcoming). Welfare is to Do with What Animals Feel. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  11. Roger Ewbank (forthcoming). Farm Animal Welfare: A Historical Overview. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  12. É Gocsik, H. W. Saatkamp, C. C. De Lauwere & Agjm Oude Lansink (forthcoming). A Conceptual Approach for a Quantitative Economic Analysis of Farmers' Decision-Making Regarding Animal Welfare. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  13. J. Nijland Hanneke, M. C. Aarts Noelle & Reint Jan Renes (forthcoming). Frames and Ambivalence in Context: An Analysis of Hands-on Experts' Perception of the Welfare of Animals in Traveling Circuses in the Netherlands. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
    The results of an empirical study into the perceptions of “hands-on” experts concerning the welfare of (non-human) animals in traveling circuses in the Netherlands are presented. A qualitative approach, based on in-depth conversations with trainers/performers, former trainers/performers, veterinarians, and an owner of an animal shelter, conveyed several patterns in the contextual construction of perceptions and the use of dissonance reduction strategies. Perceptions were analyzed with the help of the Symbolic Convergence Theory and the model of the frame of reference, consisting (...)
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  14. Astrid Heid & Ulrich Hamm (forthcoming). Einstellung der Verbraucher zu Alternativen zur Ferkelkastration ohne Betäubung im ökologischen Landbau: Qualitative Ergebnisse aus Deutschland. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  15. Bishal Kishor Atreya, Fred K. Sitaula, Roshan H. Johnsen & M. Bajracharya (forthcoming). Continuing Issues in the Limitations of Pesticide Use in Developing Countries. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
    The rationale for pesticide use in agriculture is that costs associated with pesticide pollution are to be justified by its benefits, but this is not so obvious. Valuing the benefits by simple economic analysis has increased pesticide use in agriculture and consequently produced pesticide-induced “public ills.” This paper attempts to explore the research gaps of the economic and social consequences of pesticide use in developing countries, particularly with an example of Nepal. We argue that although the negative sides of agricultural (...)
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  16. Saara Kupsala, Markus Vinnari, Pekka Jokinen & Pekka Räsänen (forthcoming). Citizen Attitudes to Farm Animals in Finland: A Population-Based Study. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-20.
    Citizen attitudes and opinions form an important driving force for improvements in the ethical status of farm animals in society. Hence, it is important to understand how attitudes to farm animals vary in society and what factors, mechanisms and social processes influence the development of these attitudes. In this study we examine the relative importance of socio-demographic background, animal related experiences and social-equality attitudes in the formation of attitudes to farm animals in Finland. The research is based on a nationwide (...)
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  17. Hugh Lehman (forthcoming). Are Value Judgements Inherent in Scientific Assessment? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  18. T. MacMillan & E. Dowler (forthcoming). Secure and Sustainable? Examining the Rhetoric and Potential Realities of UK Food and Agriculture Policy. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
     
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  19. Joy A. Mench (forthcoming). Assessing Animal Welfare: An Overview. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  20. Giuseppina Migliore, Giorgio Schifani, Pietro Romeo, Shadi Hashem & Luigi Cembalo (forthcoming). Are Farmers in Alternative Food Networks Social Entrepreneurs? Evidence From a Behavioral Approach. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-18.
    Social entrepreneurship, individual activities with a social objective, is used in this study as a conceptual tool for empirically examining farmers’ participation in alternative food networks. This study verifies whether their participation is driven by the social entrepreneurship dimension to satisfy social and environmental needs. We develop a more inclusive view of how social entrepreneurship is present among farmers participating in AFNs by using a behavioural approach based on three main psychological constructs: attitude, objective, and behaviour. The empirical results show (...)
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  21. Gary P. Moberg (forthcoming). Using Risk Assessment to Define Domestic Animal Welfare. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  22. Clare Palmer (forthcoming). Response to “Vulnerability, Dependence, and Special Obligations to Domesticated Animals” by Elijah Weber. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-9.
    This paper responds to Elijah Weber’s “Vulnerability, Dependence, and Special Obligations to Domesticated Animals: A Reply to Palmer”. Weber’s paper develops significant objections to the account of special obligations I developed in my book Animal Ethics in Context, in particular concerning our obligations to companion animals. In this book, I made wide-ranging claims about how we may acquire special obligations to animals, including being a beneficiary of an institution that creates vulnerable and dependent animals, and sharing in attitudes that contribute (...)
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  23. Kirsten Persson & David Shaw (forthcoming). Empirical Methods in Animal Ethics. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-14.
    In this article the predominant, purely theoretical perspectives on animal ethics are questioned and two important sources for empirical data in the context of animal ethics are discussed: methods of the social and methods of the natural sciences. Including these methods can lead to an empirical animal ethics approach that is far more adapted to the needs of humans and nonhuman animals and more appropriate in different circumstances than a purely theoretical concept solely premised on rational arguments. However, the potential (...)
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  24. A. J. K. Pols (forthcoming). The Rationality of Biofuel Certification: A Critical Examination of EU Biofuel Policy. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-15.
    Certification for biofuels has been developed to ensure that biofuel production methods adhere to social and environmental sustainability standards. As such, requiring biofuel production to be certified has become part of EU policy through the 2009 renewable energy directive, that aims to promote energy security, reduce emissions and promote rural development. According to the EU RED, in 2020 10 % of our transport energy should come from renewable sources, most of which are expected to be biofuels. In this paper I (...)
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  25. David B. Resnik (forthcoming). Retracting Inconclusive Research: Lessons From the Séralini GM Maize Feeding Study. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-13.
    In September 2012, Gilles-Eric Séralini and seven coauthors published an article in Food and Chemical Toxicology claiming that rats fed Roundup©-resistant genetically modified maize alone, genetically modified maize with Roundup©, or Roundup© for 2 years had a higher percentage of tumors and kidney and liver damage than normal controls. Shortly after this study was published, numerous scientists and several scientific organizations criticized the research as methodologically and ethically flawed. In January 2014, the journal retracted the article without the authors’ consent (...)
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  26. Bernard E. Rollin (forthcoming). The Inseparability of Science and Ethics in Animal Welfare. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-7.
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  27. W. Ray Stricklin & Joy A. Mench (forthcoming). International Conference on Farm Animal Welfare: Ethical, Scientific and Technological Perspectives. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  28. Martin Hvarregaard Thorsøe (forthcoming). Maintaining Trust and Credibility in a Continuously Evolving Organic Food System. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-21.
    Credibility is particularly important in organic food systems because there are only marginal visual and sensorial differences between organic and conventionally produced products, requiring consumers to trust in producers’ quality claims. In this article I explore what challenges the credibility of organic food systems and I explore how credibility of organic food systems can be maintained, using the Danish organic food system as a case study. The question is increasingly relevant as the sale of organic food is growing in Denmark (...)
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  29. C. M. Tiplady, D. B. Walsh & C. J. C. Phillips (forthcoming). Ethical Issues Concerning the Public Viewing of Media Broadcasts of Animal Cruelty. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-11.
    Undercover filming is a method commonly used by animal activist groups to expose animal cruelty and it is important to consider the effects of publically releasing video footage of cruel practices on the viewers’ mental health. Previously, we reported that members of the Australian public were emotionally distressed soon after viewing media broadcasts of cruelty to Australian cattle exported for slaughter in Indonesia in 2011. To explore if there were any long term impacts from exposure to media on this issue, (...)
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  30. Melissa Voigt, Mark Russell, Kristina Hiney, Jennifer Richardson, Abigail Borron & Colleen Brady (forthcoming). Show Horse Welfare: Evaluating Stock-Type Show Horse Industry Legitimacy. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-20.
    The purpose of this paper is to use the Social Cognitive Theory and its moral disengagement framework to emphasize the need for stock-type horse associations to minimize potential and actual threats to their legitimacy in an effort to maintain and strengthen self-regulating governance, specifically relating to the occurrence of inhumane treatment to horses. Despite having stated rules within their handbooks, the actions of leading stock-type associations in response to reports of inhumane treatment provide evidence of their ability to self-regulate. The (...)
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  31. Eli Weber (forthcoming). Vulnerability, Dependence, and Special Obligations to Domesticated Animals: A Reply to Palmer. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-12.
    Clare Palmer has recently argued that most humans have special obligations to assist domesticated animals, because domestication creates vulnerable, dependent individuals, and most humans benefit from the institution of domestication. I argue that Palmer has given us no grounds for accepting this claim, and that one of the key premises in her argument for this claim is false. Next, I argue that voluntarism, which is the view that one acquires special obligations only by consenting to those obligations in some way, (...)
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