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Forthcoming articles
  1. Cristian Timmermann (forthcoming). Pesticides and the Patent Bargain. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-19.
    In order to enlarge the pool of knowledge available in the public domain, temporary exclusive rights (i.e. patents) are granted to innovators who are willing to fully disclose the information needed to reproduce their invention. After the 20-year patent protection period elapses, society should be able to make free use of the publicly available knowledge described in the patent document, which is deemed useful. Resistance to pesticides destroys however the usefulness of information listed in patent documents over time. The invention, (...)
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  2. Mickey Gjerris (forthcoming). Willed Blindness: A Discussion of Our Moral Shortcomings in Relation to Animals. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-16.
    This article describes how we seem to live in a willed blindness towards the effects that our meat production and consumption have on animals, the environment and the climate. A willed blindness that cannot be explained by either lack of knowledge or scientific uncertainty. The blindness enables us to see ourselves as moral beings although our lack of reaction to the effects of our actions tells another story. The article describes the consequences of intensive meat production and consumption to animal (...)
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  3. Wouter Peeters, Jo Dirix & Sigrid Sterckx (forthcoming). Towards an Integration of the Ecological Space Paradigm and the Capabilities Approach. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-18.
    In order to develop a model of equitable and sustainable distribution, this paper advocates integrating the ecological space paradigm and the capabilities approach. As the currency of distribution, this account proposes a hybrid of capabilities and ecological space. Although the goal of distributive justice should be to secure and promote people’s capabilities now and in the future, doing so requires acknowledging that these capabilities are dependent on the biophysical preconditions as well as inculcating the ethos of restraint. Both issues have (...)
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  4. Dominique Blache A. Lee (forthcoming). Farmer's Response to Societal Concerns About Farm Animal Welfare: The Case of Mulesing. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
    The study explored the motivations behind Australian wool producers’ intentions regarding mulesing; a surgical procedure that will be voluntarily phased out after 2010, following retailer boycotts led by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. Telephone interviews were conducted with 22 West Australian wool producers and consultants to elicit their behavioral, normative and control beliefs about mulesing and alternative methods of breech strike prevention. Results indicate that approximately half the interviewees intend to continue mulesing, despite attitudes toward the act of (...)
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  5. Marianne Benard, Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker & Tjard de Cock Buning (forthcoming). Scientists and Dutch Pig Farmers in Dialogue About Tail Biting: Unravelling the Mechanism of Multi-Stakeholder Learning. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  6. K. Boogaard Birgit, B. Bock Bettina, J. Oosting Simon, S. C. Wiskerke Johannes & J. der Zijpp Akkvane (forthcoming). Social Acceptance of Dairy Farming: The Ambivalence Between the Two Faces of Modernity. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
    Society’s relationship with modern animal farming is an ambivalent one: on the one hand there is rising criticism about modern animal farming; on the other hand people appreciate certain aspects of it, such as increased food safety and low food prices. This ambivalence reflects the two faces of modernity: the negative (exploitation of nature and loss of traditions) and the positive (progress, convenience, and efficiency). This article draws on a national survey carried out in the Netherlands that aimed at gaining (...)
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  7. Donald M. Broom (forthcoming). A Usable Definition of Animal Welfare. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  8. Clara Cicatiello, Barbara Pancino, Stefano Pascucci & Silvio Franco (forthcoming). Relationship Patterns in Food Purchase: Observing Social Interactions in Different Shopping Environments. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-22.
    The social dimension of purchase seems particularly important when it comes to food, since it can contribute to foster “consumers’ embeddedness” in the local food system. The discussion on this topic is growing after the emergence of alternative food networks (AFNs), which are thought to have potentials to re-connect the different actors of local food systems, and/or to strengthen the existing social ties among them. This study focuses on the evaluation of the degree of sociality in different food shopping environments. (...)
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  9. Stanley E. Curtis (forthcoming). Future Directions of Science and Public Policy. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  10. Tasmin Dilworth & Andrew McGregor (forthcoming). Moral Steaks? Ethical Discourses of In Vitro Meat in Academia and Australia. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-23.
    The profile and possibilities of in vitro meat are rapidly expanding, creating new ethical conundrums about how to approach this nascent biotechnology. The outcomes of these ethical debates will shape the future viability of this technology and its acceptability for potential consumers. In this paper we focus on how in vitro meat is being ethically constructed in academic literatures and contrast this with discourses evident in the mainstream print media. The academic literature is analysed to identify a typology of ethical (...)
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  11. Naomi Duijvesteijn, Marianne Benard, Inonge Reimert & Irene Camerlink (forthcoming). Same Pig, Different Conclusions: Stakeholders Differ in Qualitative Behaviour Assessment. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-29.
    Animal welfare in pig production is frequently a topic of debate and is sensitive in nature. This debate is partly due to differences in values, forms, convictions, interests and knowledge among the stakeholders that constitute differences among their frames of reference with respect to pigs and their welfare. Differences in frames of reference by stakeholder groups are studied widely, but not specifically with respect to animal behaviour or welfare. We explored this phenomenon using a qualitative behaviour assessment (QBA). Participating stakeholders (...)
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  12. Ian J. H. Duncan (forthcoming). Welfare is to Do with What Animals Feel. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  13. Neil D’Cruze, Rachel Alcock & Marydele Donnelly (forthcoming). The Cayman Turtle Farm: Why We Can't Have Our Green Turtle and Eat It Too. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-10.
    The Cayman Turtle Farm (CTF) is the only facility in the world that commercially produces green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas) for human consumption. The CTF has operated at a significant financial loss for much of its 45 years history and is maintained by substantial Cayman Island Government subsidies. These subsidies run into millions of Caymanian dollars and dwarf the funding allocated to The Caymanian Department of Environment to protect its unique biodiversity each year. We argue that it is time for (...)
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  14. Roger Ewbank (forthcoming). Farm Animal Welfare: A Historical Overview. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  15. Wyatt Galusky (forthcoming). Technology as Responsibility: Failure, Food Animals, and Lab-Grown Meat. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-18.
    As we become more aware of the various problems associated with technologically mediated meat production (e.g., the lives of the animals, the human health effects of consuming meat, the ecological impacts of large-scale animal farming), we also confront a variety of technologically mediated potential fixes (e.g., in vitro meat technologies). Rather than comparing bad and good technologies in the context of meat, I want instead to explore the dynamics of the human-animal relationships expressed within specific approaches. This method, I suggest, (...)
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  16. Brad W. Gilmour (forthcoming). Zhou, Zhang-Yue: Developing Successful Agriculture: An Australian Case Study. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-5.
    If you are interested in accountability and transparency in public decision-making, this book is for you. If you are interested in ways and means of avoiding capture by vested interests when making public policy, this book is for you. If you are interested in a sustainable and efficient agri-food system which meets the needs of consumers, producers and society, this book is for you.Agriculture remains an important industry in many economies. It is also a key sector with an important role (...)
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  17. É Gocsik, H. W. Saatkamp, C. C. De Lauwere & Agjm Oude Lansink (forthcoming). A Conceptual Approach for a Quantitative Economic Analysis of Farmers' Decision-Making Regarding Animal Welfare. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  18. Joyeeta Gupta (forthcoming). Normative Issues in Global Environmental Governance: Connecting Climate Change, Water and Forests. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-21.
    Glocal (global to local) environmental governance lags behind the science regarding the seriousness of the combined environmental and developmental challenges. Governance regimes have developed differently in different issue areas and are often inconsistent and contradictory; furthermore governance innovations in each area lead to new challenges. The combined effect of issue-based, plural, and fragmented governance raises key normative questions in environmental governance. Hence, this overview paper aims to address the following questions: How can the global community move towards a more normatively (...)
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  19. J. Nijland Hanneke, M. C. Aarts Noelle & Reint Jan Renes (forthcoming). Frames and Ambivalence in Context: An Analysis of Hands-on Experts' Perception of the Welfare of Animals in Traveling Circuses in the Netherlands. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
    The results of an empirical study into the perceptions of “hands-on” experts concerning the welfare of (non-human) animals in traveling circuses in the Netherlands are presented. A qualitative approach, based on in-depth conversations with trainers/performers, former trainers/performers, veterinarians, and an owner of an animal shelter, conveyed several patterns in the contextual construction of perceptions and the use of dissonance reduction strategies. Perceptions were analyzed with the help of the Symbolic Convergence Theory and the model of the frame of reference, consisting (...)
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  20. Lennart Ravn Heerwagen, Morten Raun Mørkbak, Sigrid Denver, Peter Sandøe & Tove Christensen (forthcoming). The Role of Quality Labels in Market-Driven Animal Welfare. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-18.
    In policy-making the consumption of specially labelled products, and its role in improving the welfare of livestock, has attracted considerable attention. There is in many countries a diverse market for animal welfare-friendly products which is potentially confusing and may lack transparency. We ask whether special quality labels that involve medium levels of animal welfare, as compared with labels promoting premium levels of animal welfare, have a role to play in promoting improvements in animal welfare. The Danish pork market is our (...)
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  21. Astrid Heid & Ulrich Hamm (forthcoming). Einstellung der Verbraucher zu Alternativen zur Ferkelkastration ohne Betäubung im ökologischen Landbau: Qualitative Ergebnisse aus Deutschland. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  22. Farahnaz Pashaei Kamali, Miranda P. M. Meuwissen, Imke J. M. De Boer, Hanna Stolz, Ingrid Jahrl, Salvador V. Garibay, Ray Jacobsen, Toon Driesen & Alfons G. J. M. Oude Lansink (forthcoming). Identifying Sustainability Issues for Soymeal and Beef Production Chains. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-17.
    The expansion of livestock production throughout the world has led to increased demand for high protein animal feed. This expansion has created economic benefits for livestock farmers and other actors in the chain, but also resulted in environmental and social side effects. This study aims to identify a set of sustainability issues that cover the environmental, economic and social dimensions of soymeal and beef production chains. The method applied combines the results of multiple studies, including a literature review and stakeholder (...)
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  23. Alexander Harrow Kaufman & Jeremiah Mock (forthcoming). Cultivating Greater Well-Being: The Benefits Thai Organic Farmers Experience From Adopting Buddhist Eco-Spirituality. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-23.
    Organic farming is spreading throughout Asia, including in Thailand. Little is known about whether farmers’ values change as they make the shift from conventional farming to organic farming. The benefits farmers perceive from making the shift have also scarcely been studied. We investigated these factors in Northeastern Thailand by conducting observations, key informant interviews, semi-structured interviews and questionnaire interviews. We found that as Thai farmers adopted organic methods, they developed an eco-consciousness. In comparing members of a Buddhist temple-based organic farmer (...)
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  24. Bishal Kishor Atreya, Fred K. Sitaula, Roshan H. Johnsen & M. Bajracharya (forthcoming). Continuing Issues in the Limitations of Pesticide Use in Developing Countries. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
    The rationale for pesticide use in agriculture is that costs associated with pesticide pollution are to be justified by its benefits, but this is not so obvious. Valuing the benefits by simple economic analysis has increased pesticide use in agriculture and consequently produced pesticide-induced “public ills.” This paper attempts to explore the research gaps of the economic and social consequences of pesticide use in developing countries, particularly with an example of Nepal. We argue that although the negative sides of agricultural (...)
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  25. Hugh Lehman (forthcoming). Are Value Judgements Inherent in Scientific Assessment? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  26. Frida Lundmark, C. Berg, O. Schmid, D. Behdadi & H. Röcklinsberg (forthcoming). Intentions and Values in Animal Welfare Legislation and Standards. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-27.
    The focus on animal welfare in society has increased during the last 50 years. Animal welfare legislation and private standards have developed, and today many farmers within animal production have both governmental legislation and private standards to comply with. In this paper intentions and values are described that were expressed in 14 animal welfare legislation and standards in four European countries; Sweden, United Kingdom, Germany and Spain. It is also discussed if the legislation and standards actually accomplish what they, in (...)
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  27. T. MacMillan & E. Dowler (forthcoming). Secure and Sustainable? Examining the Rhetoric and Potential Realities of UK Food and Agriculture Policy. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
     
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  28. Zahra Meghani (forthcoming). Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Food and Neoliberalism: An Argument for Democratizing the Regulatory Review Protocol of the Food and Drug Administration. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-23.
    The primary responsibility of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to protect public health by ensuring the safety of the food supply. To that end, it sometimes conducts risk assessments of novel food products, such as genetically modified (GM) food. The FDA describes its regulatory review of GM food (of both the plant and the animal variety) as a purely scientific activity, untainted by any normative considerations. This paper provides evidence that the regulatory agency is not justified in (...)
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  29. Joy A. Mench (forthcoming). Assessing Animal Welfare: An Overview. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  30. Gary P. Moberg (forthcoming). Using Risk Assessment to Define Domestic Animal Welfare. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  31. Payam Moula (forthcoming). GM Crops, the Hubris Argument and the Nature of Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-17.
    In this paper, I investigate the moral status of agricultural biotechnology and, more specifically, genetically modified (GM) crops by employing the hubris argument. The old notion of hubris, given to us by the ancient Greeks, provides a narrative from which we can understand ourselves and technology. Ronald Sandler offers us an understanding of hubris he claims gives us a prima facie reason and a presumption against the use of GM crops. I argue that Sandler’s hubris argument fails for several reasons: (...)
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  32. C. J. C. Phillips & J. C. Petherick (forthcoming). The Ethics of a Co-Regulatory Model for Farm Animal Welfare Research. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-16.
    Standards for farm animal welfare are variously managed at a national level by government-led regulatory control, by consumer-led welfare economics and co-regulated control in a partnership between industry and government. In the latter case the control of research to support animal welfare standards by the relevant industry body may lead to a conflict of interest on the part of researchers, who are dependent on industry for continued research funding. We examine this dilemma by reviewing two case studies of research published (...)
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  33. Jeffry L. Ramsey (forthcoming). Defining Sustainability. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-6.
    Heather M. Farley and Zachary A. Smith, Sustainability: If It’s Everything, Is It Nothing? xiv + 176 pp., index. New York: Routledge, 2014. $39.95 (paper)Leslie Paul Thiele, Sustainability. viii + 234 p., bibl., index. New York: Polity Press, 2013. $22.95 (paper)The authors of both of these books offer new definitions of sustainability. They do so in order to battle “faux interpretations” (Farley and Smith) or “hypocritical” or “unsupported endorsements” (Thiele) of sustainability. While I think many people, including I expect many (...)
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  34. Zoë Robaey (forthcoming). Looking for Moral Responsibility in Ownership: A Way to Deal with Hazards of GMOs. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-14.
    Until now, the debates around genetically modified seeds in agriculture have converged towards two main issues. The first is about hazards that this new technology brings about, and the second is about the ownership of seeds and the distribution of their economic benefits. In this paper, I explore an underdeveloped topic by linking these two issues: how ownership shapes the distribution of moral responsibility for the potential hazards of genetically modified seeds. Indeed, while ownership is debated in terms of economic (...)
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  35. Helena Röcklinsberg (forthcoming). Fish Consumption: Choices in the Intersection of Public Concern, Fish Welfare, Food Security, Human Health and Climate Change. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-19.
    Future global food insecurity due to growing population as well as changing consumption demands and population growth is sometimes suggested to be met by increase in aquaculture production. This raises a range of ethical issues, seldom discussed together: fish welfare, food security, human health, climate change and environment, and public concern and legislation, which could preferably be seen as pieces in a puzzle, accepting their interdependency. A balanced decision in favour of or against aquaculture needs to take at least these (...)
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  36. Lawrence Souder & Edward Bottone (forthcoming). De Gustibus Disputandum: The Aesthetics and Ethics of Taste in the Rhetorical Genre of the Restaurant Review. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-13.
    Contemporary professional restaurant reviews have consequences beyond the dinner plate. They now face challenges from the democratizing efforts of blogs and crowd-sourced reviews. Thus an analysis seems appropriate for determining how they are written and what might be lost should they be replaced. Restaurant reviews are presumed to be a species of art and literary criticism and as such have evolved as a rhetorical genre. Through genre analysis we inductively construct the form of the professional restaurant review and then apply (...)
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  37. W. Ray Stricklin & Joy A. Mench (forthcoming). International Conference on Farm Animal Welfare: Ethical, Scientific and Technological Perspectives. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  38. B. A. Ventura, M. A. G. Von Keyserlingk & D. M. Weary (forthcoming). Animal Welfare Concerns and Values of Stakeholders Within the Dairy Industry. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-18.
    This paper describes the perspectives of stakeholders within the North American dairy industry on key issues affecting the welfare of dairy cattle. Five heterogeneous focus groups were held during a dairy cattle welfare meeting in Guelph, Canada in October 2012. Each group contained between 7 and 10 participants (n = 46 total subjects) and consisted of a mix of dairy producers, veterinarians, academics, students, and dairy industry specialists. The 1-h facilitated discussions were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Content analysis of the (...)
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  39. Lieske Voget-Kleschin (forthcoming). Reasoning Claims for More Sustainable Food Consumption: A Capabilities Perspective. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-23.
    This paper examines how employing the capabilities approach in conceptualizing sustainable development allows reasoning and specifying claims for more sustainable lifestyles. In doing so, it focuses on the example of food consumption because it constitutes an ‘(un)sustainability hotspot’ as well as a paradigmatic example for the tensions between individual lifestyles on the one hand and societal consequences of such lifestyles on the other. The arguments developed in the paper allow rebutting two common objections against claims for individual changes in food (...)
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  40. Marina A. G. Von Keyserlingk & Maria José Hötzel (forthcoming). The Ticking Clock: Addressing Farm Animal Welfare in Emerging Countries. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-17.
    Over the last decade many emerging economies, and in particular Brazil, have established themselves as major players in global food animal production. Within these countries much of the increase in food animal production has been achieved by the adoption of intensive housing systems similar to those found in most industrialized countries. However, it is now well established that many of these systems are associated with numerous welfare problems, particularly with respect to restriction of movement. Previous work has shown that people (...)
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