David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Episteme 1 (1):23-34 (2004)
When Peter Strawson subtitled the most celebrated book in ordinary language philosophy, Individuals, ‘An essay in descriptive metaphysics’, he shocked mainly for having reintroduced ‘metaphysics’ into intellectually respectable English a quarter-century after A.J. Ayer had consigned it to the logical positivists' index of forbidden philosophical words . Few at the time appreciated the import of the modifiers ‘descriptive’ and its opposite, ‘revisionary’. Now, another half century on, philosophers have come around to Bertrand Russell's original view that both the ordinary language philosophy Strawson championed and the ideal scientific language philosophy Ayer championed offer alternative metaphysical visions. The remaining question of philosophical interest is what hangs in the balance between a descriptive and revisionary approach to metaphysics – or, for that matter, any branch of philosophy. This paper critically examines the currently dominant descriptive approach from a revisionary standpoint, initially relying on the terms Strawson uses to frame the distinction, and then moving outward to consider its implications for our understanding of the history of modern philosophy, especially the ‘naturalist’ sensibility that has been especially influential in analytic social epistemology
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
J. L. Austin (1979). Philosophical Papers. Oxford University Press.
Giovanna Borradori (1994). The American Philosopher: Conversations with Quine, Davidson, Putnam, Nozick, Danto, Rorty, Cavell, Macintyre, and Kuhn. University of Chicago Press.
Robert Brandom (ed.) (2000). Rorty and His Critics. Blackwell Publishers.
Morris Raphael Cohen (1944). An Introduction to Logic and Scientific Method. [Madison, Wis.]Pub. For the United States Armed Forces Institute by Harcourt, Brace and Company.
Steve Fuller (2002). Making Up the Past: A Response to Sharrock and Leudar. History of the Human Sciences 15 (4):115-123.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
James R. Beebe (2001). Interpretation and Epistemic Evaluation in Goldman's Descriptive Epistemology. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 31 (2):163-186.
Francis Remedios (2003). Legitimizing Scientific Knowledge: An Introduction to Steve Fuller's Social Epistemology. Lexington Books.
Susan Haack (1979). Descriptive and Revisionary Metaphysics. Philosophical Studies 35 (4):361 - 371.
Leemon B. McHenry (1996). Descriptive and Revisionary Theories of Events. Process Studies 25:90-103.
Heidi E. Grasswick (2001). The Normative Failure of Fuller's Social Epistemology. Social Epistemology 16 (2):133 – 148.
R. L. Phillips (1967). Descriptive Versus Revisionary Metaphysics and the Mind-Body Problem. Philosophy 42 (160):105 - 118.
Steve Fuller (1987). On Regulating What is Known: A Way to Social Epistemology. Synthese 73 (1):145 - 183.
Piet Strydom (2003). Social Epistemology or Cognitive Sociology? On Steve Fuller's Interpretation of Thomas Kuhn. Social Epistemology 17 (2-3):297-300.
Cynthia Macdonald (2007). Real Metaphysics and the Descriptive/Revisionary Distinction. In Cornelis De Waal (ed.), Susan Haack: A Lady of Distinctions: The Philosopher Responds to Critics. Prometheus Books.
Added to index2010-07-11
Total downloads11 ( #146,995 of 1,168,893 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,419 of 1,168,893 )
How can I increase my downloads?