David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Continental Philosophy Review 41 (4):401-425 (2008)
Throughout his career, Husserl identifies naturalism as the greatest threat to both the sciences and philosophy. In this paper, I explicate Husserl’s overall diagnosis and critique of naturalism and then examine the specific transcendental aspect of his critique. Husserl agreed with the Neo-Kantians in rejecting naturalism. He has three major critiques of naturalism: First, it (like psychologism and for the same reasons) is ‘countersensical’ in that it denies the very ideal laws that it needs for its own justification. Second, naturalism essentially misconstrues consciousness by treating it as a part of the world. Third, naturalism is the inevitable consequence of a certain rigidification of the ‘natural attitude’ into what Husserl calls the ‘naturalistic attitude’. This naturalistic attitude ‘reifies’ and it ‘absolutizes’ the world such that it is treated as taken-for-granted and ‘obvious’. Husserl’s transcendental phenomenological analysis, however, discloses that the natural attitude is, despite its omnipresence in everyday life, not primary, but in fact is relative to the ‘absolute’ transcendental attitude. The mature Husserl’s critique of naturalism is therefore based on his acceptance of the absolute priority of the transcendental attitude . The paradox remains that we must start from and, in a sense, return to the natural attitude, while, at the same time, restricting this attitude through the on-going transcendental vigilance of the universal epoché.
|Keywords||Husserl Naturalism Natural attitude Transcendental philosophy epoché|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Eugen Fink & Arthur Grugan (1972). What Does the Phenomenology of Edmund Husserl Want to Accomplish? (The Phenomenological Idea of Laying-a-Ground). Research in Phenomenology 2 (1):5-27.
Klaus Hartmann & Iso Kern (1966). Husserl und Kant: Eine Untersuchung Uber Husserls Verhaltnis zu Kant und zum Neukantianismus. Philosophical Quarterly 16 (65):368.
Edmund Husserl (1964/1965). Cartesian Meditations. [The Hague]M. Nijhoff.
Edmund Husserl (1973). Experience and Judgment: Investigations in a Genealogy of Logic. Routledge and K. Paul.
Edmund Husserl (1994). Early Writings in the Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Citations of this work BETA
Eran Dorfman (2013). Naturalism, Objectivism and Everyday Life. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 72:117-133.
Similar books and articles
Brian Harding (2005). Epoché, the Transcendental Ego, and Intersubjectivity in Husserl's Phenomenology. Journal of Philosophical Research 30:141-156.
Dermot Moran (2006). Adventures of the Reduction. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 80 (2):283-293.
Peter J. Carrington (1979). Schutz on Transcendental Intersubjectivity in Husserl. Human Studies 2 (1):95 - 110.
Joel Smith & Peter Sullivan (eds.) (2011). Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism. Oxford University Press.
Sebastian Luft (2005). Husserl's Concept of the 'Transcendental Person': Another Look at the Husserl-Heidegger Relationship. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (2):141 – 177.
Lorraine Viscardi-Murray (1985). The Constitution of the Alter Ego in Husserl's Transcendental Phenomenology. Research in Phenomenology 15 (1):177-191.
Sebastian Luft (1998). Husserl's Phenomenological Discovery of the Natural Attitude. Continental Philosophy Review 31 (2):153-170.
Sebastian Luft (2011). Subjectivity and Lifeworld in Transcendental Phenomenology. Northwestern University Press.
Andrea Staiti (2009). Systematische Überlegungen Zu Husserls Einstellungslehre. Husserl Studies 25 (3):219-233.
Daniel J. Dwyer (2004). Wittgenstein, Kant and Husserl on the Dialectical Temptations of Reason. Continental Philosophy Review 37 (3):277-307.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads134 ( #6,583 of 1,102,845 )
Recent downloads (6 months)24 ( #6,386 of 1,102,845 )
How can I increase my downloads?