David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Res Publica 8 (3):249-268 (2002)
Deliberative or discursive models of democracy have recently enjoyed a revival in both political theory and policy practice. Against the picture of democracy as a procedure for aggregating and effectively meeting the given preference of individuals, deliberative theory offers a model of democracy as a forum through which judgements and preferences are formed and altered through reasoned dialogue between free and equal citizens. Much in the recent revival of deliberative democracy, especially that which comes through Habermas and Rawls, has Kantian roots. Deliberative institutions are embodiments of the free public use of reason that Kant takes to define the enlightenment project. Within the Kantian model the public use of reason is incompatible with the use of rhetoric. While this paper rejects strong rhetorical criticisms of deliberative democracy which render all communication strategic, it argues that rhetorical studies of deliberation have highlighted features of deliberation which point to significant weaknesses in Kantian approaches to it. Two features are of particular importance: the role of testimony and judgements of credibility in deliberation; and the role of appeal to emotions in public discourse. Both from the Kantian perspective are potential sources of heteronomy. However, the appeal to testimony and emotion are features of public deliberation that cannot and should not be eliminated. For those committed to the enlightenment values that underlie the deliberative model of democracy the question is whether these rhetorical features of deliberation are incompatible with those values. The paper argues that they are compatible. It does so by defending an Aristotelian account of rhetoric in public deliberation which denies the Platonic contrast between reasoned discourse and rhetoric which the Kantian model inherits.
|Keywords||Aristotle deliberative democracy emotion Kant rhetoric testimony|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
J. O'Neill (2003). Unified Science as Political Philosophy: Positivism, Pluralism and Liberalism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (3):575-596.
John Barry (2009). Ecological Politics and Democratic Theory: The Challenge to the Deliberative Ideal. Contemporary Political Theory 8 (1):115.
Luis Vega Reñón (2013). Vindicación y elogio de la retórica deliberativa: glosas de Aristóteles. Isegoría 48:149-172.
Oliver Marchart (2009). Ecological Politics and Democratic Theory: The Challenge to the Deliberative Ideal. Contemporary Political Theory 8 (1):115-121.
Similar books and articles
Thom Brooks (2009). A Critique of Pragmatism and Deliberative Democracy. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (1):pp. 50-54.
Jonathan Aldred (2002). It's Good to Talk: Deliberative Institutions for Environmental Policy. Philosophy and Geography 5 (2):133 – 152.
Noëlle McAfee (2008). Democracy and the Political Unconscious. Columbia University Press.
Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij (2012). Why Deliberative Democracy is (Still) Untenable. Public Affairs Quarterly 26 (3):199-220.
Denise Vitale (2006). Between Deliberative and Participatory Democracy: A Contribution on Habermas. Philosophy and Social Criticism 32 (6):739-766.
Joshua Cohen (2009). Philosophy, Politics, Democracy: Selected Essays. Harvard University Press.
Kjartan Koch Mikalsen (2010). Testimony and Kant's Idea of Public Reason. Res Publica 16 (1):23-40.
William Smith (2004). Democracy, Deliberation and Disobedience. Res Publica 10 (4):353-377.
Paul Nieuwenburg (2004). Learning to Deliberate: Aristotle on Truthfulness and Public Deliberation. Political Theory 32 (4):449-467.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads40 ( #45,258 of 1,099,912 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #67,010 of 1,099,912 )
How can I increase my downloads?