David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Investigations 34 (1):77-93 (2011)
Frege famously argued that truth is not a property or relation. In the “Notes on Logic” Wittgenstein emphasised the bi-polarity of propositions which he called their sense. He argued that “propositions by virtue of sense cannot have predicates or relations.” This led to his fundamental thought that the logical constants do not represent predicates or relations. The idea, however, has wider ramifications than that. It is not just that propositions cannot have relations to other propositions but also that they cannot have relations to anything at all. The paper explores the consequences of this insight for the way in which we should read the Tractatus. In the “Notes on Logic” the insight led to Wittgenstein's emphasis on “facts” in any attempt to understand the nature of symbolism. This emphasis is continued in the Tractatus. It is central to his view that propositions are facts which picture facts which prevent us from construing such picturing as a relation between what pictures and what is pictured. It illuminates the importance of context principle with regard to the distinction between showing and saying to which Wittgenstein attached so much importance and it underlies the non-relational view of psychological propositions which he advocates. Finally, if propositions by virtue of sense cannot have predicates or relations the paradox at the end of a work which consist largely of propositions about propositions becomes intelligible
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Michael Scanlan (1995). Wittgenstein, Truth-Functions, and Generality. Journal of Philosophical Research 20:175-193.
José L. Zalabardo (2010). The Tractatus on Logical Consequence. European Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):425-442.
Stephen Schiffer (2007). Propositions, What Are They Good For? In R. Schantz (ed.), Current Issues in Theoretical Philosophy: Prospects for Meaning Vol. 3. Walter de Gruyter
Paul D. Wienpahl (1964). Wittgenstein and the Naming Relation. Inquiry 7 (1-4):329 – 347.
George Bealer (1979). Theories of Properties, Relations, and Propositions. Journal of Philosophy 76 (11):634-648.
Michael Beaney (2012). Logic and Metaphysics in Early Analytic Philosophy. In Lila Haaparanta & Heikki Koskinen (eds.), Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic. Oxford University Press, Usa 257.
Peter van Inwagen (2006). Names for Relations. Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):453–477.
Danièle Moyal-Sharrock (2000). Wittgenstein Distinguished: A Response to Pieranna Garavaso. Philosophical Investigations 23 (1):54–69.
R. A. Young (2004). Wittgenstein's Tractatus Project as Philosophy of Information. Minds and Machines 14 (1):119-132.
Peter M. Sullivan (2002). On Trying to Be Resolute: A Response to Kremer on the Tractatus. European Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):43–78.
Daniele Mezzadri (2010). Language and Logic in Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Dissertation, University of Stirling
Danièle Moyal-Sharrock (2007). The Good Sense of Nonsense: A Reading of Wittgenstein's Tractatus as Nonself-Repudiating. Philosophy 82 (1):147-177.
Edward N. Zalta (1993). A Philosophical Conception of Propositional Modal Logic. Philosophical Topics 21 (2):263-281.
Nikolay Milkov (2003). The Method of the Tractatus. Contributions of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society 11:139-41.
Added to index2010-09-01
Total downloads67 ( #34,008 of 1,699,704 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #269,935 of 1,699,704 )
How can I increase my downloads?