David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (4):229-241 (2004)
Kidney donation by young children and the mentally retarded has been supported by court decisions, arguments based on obligations inherent in family relationships, an array of contextual factors, and the principle of beneficence. These justifications for taking organs from people who cannot protect themselves are problematic and must be weighed against our obligation to protect the vulnerable. A compromise solution is presented that strongly protects young children and the mentally retarded but does not abdicate all responsibility to relieve suffering. Guidelines are proposed that prohibit the retrieval of kidneys from young children and the mentally retarded but permit one exception. They would allow retrieval of a kidney when the consequence to a first order relative with whom the donor has a meaningful and valuable relationship is otherwise imminent death. This would be done in accordance with additional guidelines that minimize harm to the donor. Since most patients with end stage renal disease can be maintained on dialysis the need for a kidney to prevent death should be an uncommon occurrence. This compromise is proposed as a solution to a dilemma that exists because two ethical principles are in conflict and one cannot be honored without violating the other.
|Keywords||children ethical analysis judicial actions kidney donation kidney transplantation mentally retarded organ donation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Govert den Hartogh (2010). Trading with the Waiting-List: The Justice of Living Donor List Exchange. Bioethics 24 (4):190-198.
Charles Kielkopf (1971). The Pure Human Dignity of the Mentally Retarded. World Futures 9 (1):106-113.
Henry Markovits (2000). A Mental Model Analysis of Young Children's Conditional Reasoning with Meaningful Premises. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):335 – 347.
David Steinberg (2004). An "Opting in" Paradigm for Kidney Transplantation. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):4 – 14.
Joseph B. Moon & Glenn C. Graber (1985). When Danny Said No! Refusal of Treatment by a Patient of Questionable Competence. Journal of Medical Humanities and Bioethics 6 (1):12-27.
John C. Moskop (1983). Competence, Paternalism, and Public Policy for Mentally Retarded People. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 4 (3).
Yael Israely (1985). The Moral Development of Mentally Retarded Children: Review of the Literature. [REVIEW] Journal of Moral Education 14 (1):33-42.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #180,814 of 1,679,366 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #183,761 of 1,679,366 )
How can I increase my downloads?