David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Topoi 27 (1-2):73-86 (2008)
David Lewis’ Convention has been a major source of inspiration for philosophers and social scientists alike for the analysis of norms. In this essay, I demonstrate its usefulness for the analysis of some moral norms. At the same time, conventionalism with regards to moral norms has attracted sustained criticism. I discuss three major strands of criticism and propose how these can be met. First, I discuss the criticism that Lewis conventions analyze norms in situations with no conflict of interest, whereas most, if not all, moral norms deal with situations with conflicting interests. This criticism can be answered by showing that conventions can emerge in those contexts as well. Secondly, I discuss the objection that this type of conventionalism, inspired by Lewis, presents moral norms as fundamentally contingent, whereas most, if not all, moral norms are not. However, such critics fail to appreciate that conventions are not radically contingent. Moreover, if one distinguishes the question as to why an individual should comply with a norm from the question whether the norm in question itself can be justified, a core element of the complaint of contingency disappears. The third objection to conventionalism concerns the way in which conventionalists justify norms. I argue that reflection upon the way in which according to Lewis norms are justified reveals a fundamental tension in his theory. Possible solutions to this tension all have in common that the complaint of contingency returns in some form. Therefore, this third complaint cannot be avoided altogether.
|Keywords||Conventions Norms David Lewis Conventionalism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
David Lewis (1969). Convention: A Philosophical Study. Harvard University Press.
David P. Gauthier (1986). Morals by Agreement. Oxford University Press.
David Hume (1739/2000). A Treatise of Human Nature. Oxford University Press.
Cristina Bicchieri (2006). The Grammar of Society: The Nature and Dynamics of Social Norms. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Luca Tummolini, Giulia Andrighetto, Cristiano Castelfranchi & Rosaria Conte (2013). A Convention or (Tacit) Agreement Betwixt Us: On Reliance and its Normative Consequences. Synthese 190 (4):585-618.
Similar books and articles
Nicholas Southwood & Lina Eriksson (2011). Norms and Conventions. Philosophical Explorations 14 (2):195 - 217.
Jaroslav Peregrin, Andrei Marmor: Social Conventions, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2009, Xii + 186 Pp. [REVIEW]
B. Verbeek (2002). Game Theory and Moral Norms. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 2 (3):337-352.
Claudia Rudolf von Rohr, Judith Burkart & Carel van Schaik (2011). Evolutionary Precursors of Social Norms in Chimpanzees: A New Approach. Biology and Philosophy 26 (1):1-30.
Ryan Burg (2009). Deliberative Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):665 - 683.
Onora O'Neill (2007). Normativity and Practical Judgement. Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (3):393-405.
P. Vanderschraaf (1998). Knowledge, Equilibrium and Convention. Erkenntnis 49 (3):337-369.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads70 ( #60,386 of 1,796,539 )
Recent downloads (6 months)15 ( #47,506 of 1,796,539 )
How can I increase my downloads?