Search results for 'Konstanze Baron' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Konstanze Baron (2001). The Poetics of Morality: The Notion of Value in the Early Sartre. Sartre Studies International 7 (1):43-68.score: 240.0
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  2. Marcia Baron (1995). Kantian Ethics Almost Without Apology. Cornell University Press.score: 60.0
    The emphasis on duly in Kant's ethics is widely held to constitute a defect. Marcia W. Baron develops and assesses the criticism, which she sees as comprising two objections: that duty plays too large a role, leaving no room for the supererogatory, and that Kant places too much value on acting from duty. Clearly written and cogently argued, Kantian Ethics Almost without Apology takes on the most philosophically intriguing objections to Kant's ethics and subjects them to a rigorous yet (...)
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  3. Jonathan Baron (1996). Norm-Endorsement Utilitarianism and the Nature of Utility. Economics and Philosophy 12 (02):165-.score: 60.0
    In this article, I shall suggest an approach to the justification of normative moral principles which leads, I think, to utilitarianism. The approach is based on asking what moral norms we would each endorse if we had no prior moral commitments. I argue that we would endorse norms that lead to the satisfaction of all our nonmoral values or goals. The same approach leads to a view of utility as consisting of those goals that we would want satisfied. In the (...)
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  4. Moses Maimonides & Salo Wittmayer Baron (eds.) (1941/1966). Essays on Maimonides. New York, Ams Press.score: 60.0
    The celebration of the eight-hundredth anniversary of the birth of Moses Maimonides, Casa de las Españas, Columbia University, March 30, 1935: Introduction by N. M. Butler. Moses Maimonides, the philosopher, by R. McKeon. Maimonides, the scientist, by R. Gottheil. Maimonides, the leader and lawgiver, by S. W. Baron.--Homage to Maimonides, by E. Gilson.--The literary character of the Guide for the perplexed, by L. Strauss.--Maimonides' treaties on resurrection: a comparative study, by J. Finkel.--A responsum of Maimonides, by R. Gottheil.--The economic (...)
     
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  5. Jamin Asay & Sam Baron (2014). The Hard Road to Presentism. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (3):314-335.score: 30.0
    It is a common criticism of presentism – the view according to which only the present exists – that it errs against truthmaker theory. Recent attempts to resolve the truthmaker objection against presentism proceed by restricting truthmaker maximalism (the view that all truths have truthmakers), maintaining that propositions concerning the past are not made true by anything, but are true nonetheless. Support for this view is typically garnered from the case for negative existential propositions, which some philosophers contend are exceptions (...)
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  6. Marcia Baron (1984). The Alleged Moral Repugnance of Acting From Duty. Journal of Philosophy 81 (4):197-220.score: 30.0
    Friends as well as foes of Kant have long been uneasy over his emphasis on duty, but lately the view that there is something morally repugnant about acting from duty seems to be gaining in popularity. More and more philosophers indicate their readiness to jettison duty and the moral 'ought' and to conceive of the perfectly moral person as someone who has all the right desires and acts accordingly without any notion that (s)he ought to act in this way. Elsewhere' (...)
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  7. Sam Baron (2013). Tensed Supervenience: A No‐Go for Presentism. Southern Journal of Philosophy 51 (3):383-401.score: 30.0
    Recent attempts to resolve the truthmaker objection to presentism employ a fundamentally tensed account of the relationship between truth and being. On this view, the truth of a proposition concerning the past supervenes on how things are, in the present, along with how things were, in the past. This tensed approach to truthmaking arises in response to pressure placed on presentists to abandon the standard response to the truthmaker objection, whereby one invokes presently existing entities as the supervenience base for (...)
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  8. Jamin Asay & Sam Baron (2012). Unstable Truthmaking. Thought 1 (3):230-238.score: 30.0
    Recent discussion of the problem of negative existentials for truthmaker theory suggests a modest solution to the problem: fully general negative truths like do not require truthmakers, whereas partially general negative truths like do. This modest solution provides a third alternative to the two standard solutions to the problem of negative existentials: the endorsement of truthmaker gaps, and the appeal to contentious ontological posits. We argue that this modest, middle-ground position is inconsistent with certain plausible general principles for truthmaking. The (...)
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  9. Sam Baron (2013). A Truthmaker Indispensability Argument. Synthese 190 (12):2413-2427.score: 30.0
    Recently, nominalists have made a case against the Quine–Putnam indispensability argument for mathematical Platonism by taking issue with Quine’s criterion of ontological commitment. In this paper I propose and defend an indispensability argument founded on an alternative criterion of ontological commitment: that advocated by David Armstrong. By defending such an argument I place the burden back onto the nominalist to defend her favourite criterion of ontological commitment and, furthermore, show that criterion cannot be used to formulate a plausible form of (...)
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  10. Richard J. Baron, The Self is Unreal.score: 30.0
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  11. Marcia Baron (1991). Impartiality and Friendship. Ethics 101 (4):836-857.score: 30.0
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  12. Marcia Baron (1987). Kantian Ethics and Supererogation. Journal of Philosophy 84 (5):237-262.score: 30.0
    ...believe that his theory asks too much, demanding total devotion to morality and treating everything worth doing (and perhaps more) as a duty. But, despite their differences, the two sets of...
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  13. Sam Baron & Kristie Miller (forthcoming). Causation Sans Time. American Philosophical Quarterly.score: 30.0
    Is time necessary for causation? We argue that, given a counterfactual theory of causation, it is not. We defend this claim by considering cases of counterfactual dependence in quantum mechanics. These cases involve laws of nature that govern entanglement. These laws make possible the evaluation of causal counterfactuals between space-like separated entangled particles. There is, for the proponent of a counterfactual theory of causation, a possible world in which causation but not time exists that can be reached by ‘stripping out’ (...)
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  14. Sam Baron (2013). Presentism, Truth and Supervenience. Ratio 26 (1):3-18.score: 30.0
    Truthmaker theory is commonly thought to pose a challenge for presentism. Presentism seems to lack the ontological and ideological resources required to adequately underwrite the truth of propositions concerning the past. That is because if presentism is true, then the past does not exist. According to the standard response to this challenge, the truth of propositions concerning the past supervenes on surrogate entities that ‘stand proxy’ for past things. I argue that in order for the standard response to the truthmaker (...)
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  15. Marcia Baron (2006). Excuses, Excuses. Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (1):21-39.score: 30.0
    Justifications and excuses are defenses that exculpate. They are therefore much more like each other than like such defenses as diplomatic immunity, which does not exculpate. But they exculpate in different ways, and it has proven difficult to agree on just what that difference consists in. In this paper I take a step back from justification and excuse as concepts in criminal law, and look at the concepts as they arise in everyday life. To keep the task manageable, I focus (...)
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  16. Sam Baron (2012). Presentism and Causation Revisited. Philosophical Papers 41 (1):1-21.score: 30.0
    One of the major difficulties facing presentism is the problem of causation. In this paper, I propose a new solution to that problem, one that is compatible with intrinsic, fundamental causal relations. Accommodating relations of this kind is important because (i) according to David Lewis (2004), such relations are needed to account for causation in our world and worlds relevantly similar to our own, (ii) there is no other strategy currently available that successfully reconciles presentism with relations of this kind (...)
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  17. Sam Baron (2014). The Priority of the Now. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly:0-0.score: 30.0
    This paper motivates and develops a new theory of time: priority presentism. Priority presentism is the view according to which (i) only present entities exist fundamentally and (ii) past and future entities exist, but they are grounded in the present. The articulation of priority presentism is an exercise in applied grounding: it draws on concepts from the recent literature on ontological dependence and applies those concepts in a new way, to the philosophy of time. The result, as I will argue, (...)
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  18. Sam Baron, Peter Evans & Kristie Miller (2010). From Timeless Physical Theory to Timelessness. Humana.Mente 13:35-59.score: 30.0
    This paper addresses the extent to which both Julian Barbour‘s Machian formulation of general relativity and his interpretation of canonical quantum gravity can be called timeless. We differentiate two types of timelessness in Barbour‘s (1994a, 1994b and 1999c). We argue that Barbour‘s metaphysical contention that ours is a timeless world is crucially lacking an account of the essential features of time—an account of what features our world would need to have if it were to count as being one in which (...)
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  19. Sam Baron (2011). Hard Truths by Elijah Milligrim. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (1):187-188.score: 30.0
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  20. Marcia Baron (1988). Remorse and Agent-Regret. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13 (1):259-281.score: 30.0
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  21. Christina Van Dyke & Sam Baron (forthcoming). Animal Interrupted, or Why Accepting Pascal’s Wager Might Be the Last Thing You Ever Do. Southern Journal of Philosophy.score: 30.0
    According to conventionalist accounts of personal identity, persons are constituted in part by practices and attitudes of certain sorts of care. In this paper, we concentrate on the most well-developed and defended version of conventionalism currently on offer (namely, that proposed by David Braddon-Mitchell, Caroline West, and Kristie Miller) and discuss how the conventionalist appears forced either 1) to accept arbitrariness concerning from which perspective to judge one’s survival or 2) to maintain egalitarianism at the cost of making ‘transfiguring’ decisions (...)
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  22. Marcia Baron (1997). Three Methods of Ethics: A Debate. Blackwell.score: 30.0
    Written in the form of a debate, this volume presents a clear survey and assessment of the main arguments, both for and against each of these three central ...
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  23. Sam Baron, Kristie Miller & James Norton (2014). Groundless Truth. Inquiry 57 (2):175-195.score: 30.0
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  24. Olivier Boiral, Mario Cayer & Charles M. Baron (2009). The Action Logics of Environmental Leadership: A Developmental Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 85 (4):479 - 499.score: 30.0
    This article examines how the action logics associated with the stages of consciousness development of organizational leaders can influence the meaning, which these leaders give to corporate greening and their capacity to consider the specific complexities, values, and demands of environmental issues. The article explores how the seven principal action logics identified by Rooke and Torbert (2005, Harvard Business Review 83 (4), 66–76; Opportunist, Diplomat, Expert, Achiever, Individualist, Strategist and Alchemist) can affect environmental leadership. An examination of the strengths and (...)
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  25. Sam Baron & Kristie Miller (2014). Causation in a Timeless World. Synthese 191 (12):2867-2886.score: 30.0
    This paper offers a new way to evaluate counterfactual conditionals on the supposition that actually, there is no time. We then parlay this method of evaluation into a way of evaluating causal claims. Our primary aim is to preserve, at a minimum, the assertibility of certain counterfactual and causal claims once time has been excised from reality. This is an important first step in a more general reconstruction project that has two important components. First, recovering our ordinary language claims involving (...)
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  26. Marcia W. Baron (1998). Love and Respect in the Doctrine of Virtue. Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (S1):29-44.score: 30.0
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  27. Marcia W. Baron (2001). I Thought She Consented. Noûs 35 (s1):1-32.score: 30.0
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  28. Marcia Baron (1982). Hume's Noble Lie: An Account of His Artificial Virtues. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (3):539 - 555.score: 30.0
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  29. Marcia Baron (1986). On Admirable Immorality. Ethics 96 (3):557-566.score: 30.0
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  30. Marcia Baron (2005). Is Justification (Somehow) Prior to Excuse? A Reply to Douglas Husak. Law and Philosophy 24 (6):595-609.score: 30.0
  31. Christian Baron (2009). Epistemic Values in the Burgess Shale Debate. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (4):286-295.score: 30.0
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  32. Marcia Baron (2003). Manipulativeness. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 77 (2):37 - 54.score: 30.0
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  33. Sam Baron (2013). Talking About the Past. Erkenntnis 78 (3):547-560.score: 30.0
    In this paper I consider the aboutness objection against standard truth-preserving presentism (STP). According to STP: (1) past-directed propositions (propositions that seem to be about the past) like , are sometimes true (2) truth supervenes on being and (3) the truth of past-directed propositions does not supervene on how things were, in the past. According to the aboutness objection (3) is implausible, given (1) and (2): for any proposition, P, P ought to be true in virtue of what P is (...)
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  34. Sam Baron (2013). Can Indispensability‐Driven Platonists Be (Serious) Presentists? Theoria 79 (3):153-173.score: 30.0
    In this article I consider what it would take to combine a certain kind of mathematical Platonism with serious presentism. I argue that a Platonist moved to accept the existence of mathematical objects on the basis of an indispensability argument faces a significant challenge if she wishes to accept presentism. This is because, on the one hand, the indispensability argument can be reformulated as a new argument for the existence of past entities and, on the other hand, if one accepts (...)
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  35. Bert H. Hodges & Reuben M. Baron (1992). Values as Constraints on Affordances: Perceiving and Acting Properly. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 22 (3):263–294.score: 30.0
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  36. Marcia Baron (1985). Servility, Critical Deference and the Deferential Wife. Philosophical Studies 48 (3):393 - 400.score: 30.0
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  37. Sam Baron (2013). Optimisation and Mathematical Explanation: Doing the Lévy Walk. Synthese (3):1-21.score: 30.0
    The indispensability argument seeks to establish the existence of mathematical objects. The success of the indispensability argument turns on finding cases of genuine extra-mathematical explanation (the explanation of physical facts by mathematical facts). In this paper, I identify a new case of extra-mathematical explanation, involving the search patterns of fully-aquatic marine predators. I go on to use this case to predict the prevalence of extra-mathematical explanation in science.
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  38. Marcia Baron (1993). Freedom, Frailty, and Impurity. Inquiry 36 (4):431 – 441.score: 30.0
    Part I raises some questions concerning the extent of our freedom on the view that Henry Allison's Kant's Theory of Freedom attributes to Kant, and the possibility, on that view, of weakness of will. Allison is correct to attribute to Kant the "Incorporation Thesis": one is never compelled to do x just because one has a desire (even a very intense desire) to do x; a desire moves one to action only if one allows it to. But while the attribution (...)
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  39. Jonathan Baron & Jay Schulkin (1995). The Problem of Global Warming From a Decision-Theoretic Perspective. Social Epistemology 9 (4):353 – 368.score: 30.0
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  40. Marcia Baron (2008). Virtue Ethics, Kantian Ethics, and the One Thought Too Many Objection. In Monika Betzler (ed.), Kant's Ethics of Virtues. Walter De Gruyter.score: 30.0
  41. Bentley Le Baron (1966). Negritude: A Pan-African Ideal? Ethics 76 (4):267-.score: 30.0
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  42. Sam Baron (forthcoming). Tensed Truthmaker Theory. Erkenntnis.score: 30.0
    Presentism faces a serious challenge from truthmaker theory. Standard solutions to the truthmaker objection against presentism proceed in one of two ways. Easy road presentists invoke new entities to satisfy the requirements of truthmaker theory. Hard road presentists, by contrast, flatly refuse to give in to truthmaker demands. Recently, a third way has been proposed. This response seeks to address the truthmaking problem by tensing our truthmaker principles. These views, though intuitive, are under-developed. In this paper, I get serious about (...)
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  43. Jonathan Baron (2010). Cognitive Biases in Moral Judgments That Affect Political Behavior. Synthese 172 (1):7 - 35.score: 30.0
    Cognitive biases that affect decision making may affect the decisions of citizens that influence public policy. To the extent that decisions follow principles other than maximizing utility for all, it is less likely that utility will be maximized, and the citizens will ultimately suffer the results. Here I outline some basic arguments concerning decisions by citizens, using voting as an example. I describe two types of values that may lead to sub-optimal consequences when these values influence political behavior: moralistic values (...)
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  44. Sam Baron, Richard Coltheart, Raamy Majeed & Kristie Miller (2013). What is a Negative Property? Philosophy 88 (01):33-54.score: 30.0
    This paper seeks to differentiate negative properties from positive properties, with the aim of providing the groundwork for further discussion about whether there is anything that corresponds to either of these notions. We differentiate negative and positive properties in terms of their functional role, before drawing out the metaphysical implications of proceeding in this fashion. We show that if the difference between negative and positive properties tabled here is correct, then negative properties are metaphysically contentious entities, entities that many philosophers (...)
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  45. Marcia Baron (1983). On de-Kantianizing the Perfectly Moral Person. Journal of Value Inquiry 17 (4):281-293.score: 30.0
  46. Marcia Baron (2014). II—Culpability, Excuse, and the ‘Ill Will’ Condition. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 88 (1):91-109.score: 30.0
    Gideon Rosen has drawn our attention to cases of duress of a particularly interesting sort: the person's ‘mind is not flooded with pain or fear’, she knows exactly what she is doing, and she makes a clear-headed choice to act in, as Rosen says, ‘awful ways’. The explanation of why we excuse such actions cannot be that the action was not voluntary. In addition, although some duress cases could also be viewed as necessity cases and thus as justified, Rosen wisely (...)
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  47. Ralf Baron & Wilfrid Jänig (1997). Complex Regional Pain Syndromes: Taxonomy, Diagnostic Criteria, Mechanisms of Vascular Abnormalites, Edema, and Pain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):437-439.score: 30.0
    Complex regional pain syndromes (reflex sympathetic dystrophy, causalgia) are often characterized by pain and autonomic and motor abnormalities. Pathophysiological mechanisms are in the central and peripheral nervous system. Differences in skin temperature and may be used as diagnostic criteria. Sympathetic blocks relieve pain and other symptoms in a subgroup of patients (sympathetically maintained pain, SMP).[blumberg et al.].
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  48. Charles H. Baron (1991). Why Withdrawal of Life-Support for PVS Patients Is Not a Family Decision. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 19 (1-2):73-75.score: 30.0
  49. Marcia Baron (1993). Henry Allison on Kant's Theory of Freedom. Dialogue 32 (04):775-.score: 30.0
  50. Sam Baron (forthcoming). The Explanatory Dispensability of Idealizations. Synthese:1-22.score: 30.0
    Enhanced indispensability arguments seek to establish realism about mathematics based on the explanatory role that mathematics plays in science. Idealizations pose a problem for such arguments. Idealizations, in a similar way to mathematics, boost the explanatory credentials of our best scientific theories. And yet, idealizations are not the sorts of things that are supposed to attract a realist attitude. I argue that the explanatory symmetry between idealizations and mathematics can potentially be broken as follows: although idealizations contribute to the explanatory (...)
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