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  1.  8
    Do We Make Decisions for Other People Based on Our Predictions of Their Preferences? Evidence From Financial and Medical Scenarios Involving Risk.Eleonore Batteux, Eamonn Ferguson & Richard J. Tunney - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (2):188-217.
    The ways in which the decisions we make for others differ from the ones we make for ourselves has received much attention in the literature, although less is known about their relationship to our p...
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  2.  3
    Ideological Belief Bias with Political Syllogisms.Dustin P. Calvillo, Alexander B. Swan & Abraham M. Rutchick - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (2):291-310.
    The belief bias in reasoning occurs when individuals are more willing to accept conclusions that are consistent with their beliefs than conclusions that are inconsistent. The present study...
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  3.  13
    Erroneous Gambling-Related Beliefs Emerge From Broader Beliefs During Problem-Solving: A Critical Review and Classification Scheme.Anastasia Ejova & Keis Ohtsuka - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (2):159-187.
    Erroneous gambling-related beliefs can be defined as beliefs that imply a failure to recognise how commercial gambling activities are designed to generate a guaranteed loss to players. In t...
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  4.  13
    Examining the Unfolding of Moral Decisions Across Time Using the Reach-to-Touch Paradigm.Samantha Parker & Matthew Finkbeiner - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (2):218-253.
    Recent theories of decision making are characterised by a growing emphasis on understanding the cognitive mechanisms that produce decisions. This has seen a growth in methods that allow for the con...
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  5.  12
    A Comparison of Information Processing and Dynamical Systems Perspectives on Problem Solving.Stephen K. Reed & Robin R. Vallacher - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (2):254-290.
    This article compares the information processing and dynamical systems perspectives on problem solving. Key theoretical constructs of the information-processing perspective include “searching” a “p...
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  6.  23
    Advancing the Specification of Dual Process Models of Higher Cognition: A Critical Test of the Hybrid Model View.Bence Bago & Wim De Neys - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (1):1-30.
    Dual process models of higher cognition have become very influential in the cognitive sciences. The popular Default-Interventionist model has long favoured a serial view on the interaction between...
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  7.  13
    Overtly Prompting People to “Think in Opposites” Supports Insight Problem Solving.Ivana Bianchi, Erika Branchini, Roberto Burro, Elena Capitani & Ugo Savardi - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (1):31-67.
    This study aims to investigate the hypothesis that “thinking in opposites” might facilitate insight problem solving. For example, if the image relating to a problem is oriented horizontally, it may...
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  8.  16
    Effects of Acute Stress on Divergent and Convergent Problem-Solving.Haijun Duan, Xuewei Wang, Weiping Hu & John Kounios - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (1):68-86.
    This study examined the effects of acute stress on creative problem-solving. Thirty-five male participants underwent stress induction via the Trier Social Stress Test; another 35 male participants...
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  9.  17
    Conflict Detection and Social Perception: Bringing Meta-Reasoning and Social Cognition Together.André Mata - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (1):140-149.
    Research on implicit conflict detection suggests that people are sensitive to violations of logical principles. When they make reasoning errors, their epistemic radar presumably detects an anomaly....
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  10.  5
    Do Learners Declining to Seek Help Conform to Rational Principles?Marina Miranda Lery Santos, André Tricot & Jean-François Bonnefon - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (1):87-117.
    Why do learners fail to seek help, when doing so would be beneficial? Principles of rational decision suggest that seeking help is not an optimal action if its costs are greater than its expected b...
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  11.  16
    Colliding Sacred Values: A Psychological Theory of Least-Worst Option Selection.Neil Shortland & Laurence Alison - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (1):118-139.
    This paper focuses on how Soldiers make hard choices between competing options. To understand the psychological processes behind these types of decisions, we present qualitative data collected from...
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  12.  11
    Does “Putting on Your Thinking Cap” Reduce Myside Bias in Evaluation of Scientific Evidence?Caitlin Drummond & Baruch Fischhoff - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 25 (4):477-505.
    The desire to maintain current beliefs can lead individuals to evaluate contrary evidence more critically than consistent evidence. We test whether priming individuals’ scientific reasoning...
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  13.  25
    Reflections on Reflection: The Nature and Function of Type 2 Processes in Dual-Process Theories of Reasoning.Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 25 (4):383-415.
    I present a critical discussion of dual-process theories of reasoning and decision making with particular attention to the nature and role of Type 2 processes. The original theory proposed...
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  14.  31
    The Smart System 1: Evidence for the Intuitive Nature of Correct Responding on the Bat-and-Ball Problem.Bence Bago & Wim De Neys - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 25 (3):257-299.
    Influential work on reasoning and decision-making has popularised the idea that sound reasoning requires correction of fast, intuitive thought processes by slower and more demanding deliberation. We present seven studies that question this corrective view of human thinking. We focused on the very problem that has been widely featured as the paradigmatic illustration of the corrective view, the well-known bat-and-ball problem. A two-response paradigm in which people were required to give an initial response under time pressure and cognitive load allowed (...)
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  15.  16
    “Aha!” is Stronger When Preceded by a “Huh?”: Presentation of a Solution Affects Ratings of Aha Experience Conditional on Accuracy.Margaret E. Webb, Simon J. Cropper & Daniel R. Little - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 25 (3):324-364.
    Insight has been investigated under the assumption that participants solve insight problems with insight processes and/or experiences. A recent trend has involved presenting participants with the solution and analysing the resultant experience as if insight has taken place. We examined self-reports of the aha experience, a defining aspect of insight, before and after feedback, along with additional affective components of insight. Classic insight problems, compound remote associates, and non-insight problems were randomly interleaved and presented to participants. Solution feedback increased ratings (...)
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