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  1. Semantic and Subword Elements of Unconscious Priming: Commentary on Kouider and Dupoux (2007)☆.R. AbRams & J. Grinspan - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):957-958.
  2. Unconscious Semantic Priming in the Absence of Partial Awareness☆.R. AbRams & J. Grinspan - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):942-953.
    In a recent paper in Psychological Science, Kouider and Dupoux reported obtaining unconscious Stroop priming only when subjects had partial awareness of the masked distractor words . Kouider and Dupoux conjectured that semantic priming occurs only when such partial awareness is present. The present experiments tested this conjecture in an affective categorization priming task that differed from Kouider and Dupoux’s in using masked distractors that subjects had practiced earlier as visible words. Experiment 1 showed priming from practiced words when subjects (...)
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  3. Laboratory Studies of Behavior Without Awareness.J. K. Adams - 1957 - Psychological Bulletin 54:383-405.
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  4. Individual Differences in Metacontrast Masking Are Enhanced by Perceptual Learning.Thorsten Albrecht, Susan Klapötke & Uwe Mattler - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):656-666.
    In vision research metacontrast masking is a widely used technique to reduce the visibility of a stimulus. Typically, studies attempt to reveal general principles that apply to a large majority of participants and tend to omit possible individual differences. The neural plasticity of the visual system, however, entails the potential capability for individual differences in the way observers perform perceptual tasks. We report a case of perceptual learning in a metacontrast masking task that leads to the enhancement of two types (...)
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  5. Individual Differences in Metacontrast Masking Regarding Sensitivity and Response Bias.Thorsten Albrecht & Uwe Mattler - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1222-1231.
    In metacontrast masking target visibility is modulated by the time until a masking stimulus appears. The effect of this temporal delay differs across participants in such a way that individual human observers’ performance shows distinguishable types of masking functions which remain largely unchanged for months. Here we examined whether individual differences in masking functions depend on different response criteria in addition to differences in discrimination sensitivity. To this end we reanalyzed previously published data and conducted a new experiment for further (...)
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  6. Metacontrast with Internal Contours in Target and Mask.Donna Arand & William N. Dember - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (4):370-372.
  7. Masking Effectiveness and Number of Segments in the Masking Ring.Donna Arand & William N. Dember - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 3 (2):127-128.
  8. Repeating a Strongly Masked Stimulus Increases Priming and Awareness.Anne Atas, Astrid Vermeiren & Axel Cleeremans - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1422-1430.
  9. Lost in Dissociation: The Main Paradigms in Unconscious Cognition.Luis M. Augusto - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 42:293-310.
    Contemporary studies in unconscious cognition are essentially founded on dissociation, i.e., on how it dissociates with respect to conscious mental processes and representations. This is claimed to be in so many and diverse ways that one is often lost in dissociation. In order to reduce this state of confusion we here carry out two major tasks: based on the central distinction between cognitive processes and representations, we identify and isolate the main dissociation paradigms; we then critically analyze their key tenets (...)
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  10. Inaptitude of the Signal Detection Theory, Useful Vexation From the Microgenetic View, and Inevitability of Neurobiological Signatures in Understanding Perceptual (Un)Awareness.Talis Bachmann - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):101-106.
  11. Meaning Selective Access in Repetition Priming.Jv Bainbridge - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):509-509.
  12. The Influence of Subliminal Stimuli Upon Verbal Behavior.L. E. Baker - 1937 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (1):84.
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  13. The Subliminal Psychodynamic Activation Method: A Critical Review.J. Balay & Howard Shevrin - 1988 - American Psychologist 43:161-74.
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  14. Priming of Visual-Attention for Item and Location.Wp Banks & D. Krajicek - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):507-507.
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  15. Conscious and Nonconscious Processing of Visual Object Identity.Moshe Bar - 2000 - In Yves Rossetti & Antti Revonsuo (eds.), Beyond Dissociation: Interaction Between Dissociated Implicit and Explicit Processing. John Benjamins.
  16. Does Subliminality Matter to Social Psychology? Awareness of the Stimulus Versus Awareness of its Influence.John A. Bargh - 1992 - In Robert F. Bornstein & T. S. Pittman (eds.), Perception Without Awareness. Guilford.
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  17. Semantic Priming in Multiple Sclerosis.William W. Beatty & Nancy Monson - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (5):397-400.
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  18. The Subliminal and the Extrasensory.John Beloff - 1973 - Parapsychology Review 4:23-27.
  19. Variability in Response Criteria Affects Estimates of Conscious Identification and Unconscious Semantic Priming☆.Jesse Bengson & Keith Hutchison - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):785-796.
    Three experiments examined the role of response criteria in a masked semantic priming paradigm using an exclusion task. Experiment 1 used on-line prime-report and exclusion instructions in which participants were told to avoid completing a word stem with a word related to a prime flashed for 0, 38 or 212 ms. Semantic priming was significant in the items analysis, but was moderated by peoples’ ability to report the prime in the participant analysis. Prime-report thresholds in Experiment 2 were made more (...)
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  20. Relationalism and Unconscious Perception.Jacob Berger & Bence Nanay - 2016 - Analysis 76 (4):426-433.
    Relationalism holds that perceptual experiences are relations between subjects and perceived objects. But much evidence suggests that perceptual states can be unconscious. We argue here that unconscious perception raises difficulties for relationalism. Relationalists would seem to have three options. First, they may deny that there is unconscious perception or question whether we have sufficient evidence to posit it. Second, they may allow for unconscious perception but deny that the relationalist analysis applies to it. Third, they may offer a relationalist explanation (...)
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  21. Reading a Standing Wave: Figure-Ground-Alternation Masking of Primes in Evaluative Priming.Christina Bermeitinger, Michael Kuhlmann & Dirk Wentura - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1109-1121.
    We propose a new masking technique for masking word stimuli. Drawing on the phenomena of metacontrast and paracontrast, we alternately presented two prime displays of the same word with the background color in one display matching the font color in the other display and vice versa. The sequence of twenty alterations was sandwich-masked by structure masks. Using this masking technique, we conducted evaluative priming experiments with positive and negative target and prime words. Significant priming effects were found – for primes (...)
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  22. Effect of "Subliminal" Tones Upon the Judgment of Loudness.William Bevan & Joan Faye Pritchard - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (1):23.
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  23. Geographical Slant Perception: Dissociation and Coordination Between Explicit Awareness and Visually Guided Actions.Madan M. Bhalla & D. Proffitt - 2000 - In Yves Rossetti & Antti Revonsuo (eds.), Beyond Dissociation: Interaction Between Dissociated Implicit and Explicit Processing. John Benjamins.
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  24. XIV—Subliminal Perception.Graham Bird - 1973 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 73 (1):217-232.
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  25. Subliminal Perception.Graham H. Bird - 1972 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 73:217-232.
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  26. Perception.R. R. Blake & G. V. Ramsey (eds.) - 1951 - Ronald Press.
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  27. The Anna Karenina Principle and Skepticism About Unconscious Perception.Ned Block - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 93 (2):452-459.
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  28. Memory and Awareness In Anesthesia.B. Bonke, W. Fitch & K. Millar (eds.) - 1990 - Swets & Zeitlinger.
  29. Perception Without Awareness.R. F. Bornstein & T. S. Pittman (eds.) - 1992 - New York: Guilford Press.
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  30. Subliminal Techniques as Propaganda Tools: Review and Critique.Robert Bornstein - 1989 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 10 (3):231-262.
    Research on perception without awareness has provoked strong emotional responses from individuals within and outside the scientific community, due in part to the perceived potential for abuse of subliminal techniques. In this paper, four basic issues regarding the use of subliminal techniques for propaganda purposes are discussed: whether exposure to subliminal stimuli can produce significant, predictable changes in affect, cognition and behavior; whether these effects are robust and powerful enough to make the use of subliminal techniques for propaganda purposes feasible; (...)
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  31. Subliminality, Consciousness, and Temporal Shifts in Awareness: Implications Within and Beyond the Laboratory.Robert F. Bornstein - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (3):613-18.
    In his analysis of subliminal perception research, Erdelyi documented two important phenomena: subchance perception and temporal variability in stimulus availability and accessibility. This Commentary addresses three issues raised by Erdelyi's review: the importance of distinguishing “micro” from “macro” temporal shifts; the need to analyze perception without awareness data at the level of the individual as well as the group; and parallels between the dissociations associated with neuroclinical phenomena and those observed in patients with certain forms of personality pathology. Continued integration (...)
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  32. Subliminal Mere Exposure Effects.Robert F. Bornstein - 1992 - In Robert F. Bornstein & T. S. Pittman (eds.), Perception Without Awareness. Guilford.
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  33. Exposure and Affect: Overview and Meta-Analysis of Research 1968-1987.Robert F. Bornstein - 1989 - Psychological Bulletin 106:265-89.
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  34. Perception Without Awareness: Cognitive, Clinical, and Social Perspectives.Robert F. Bornstein & T. S. Pittman - 1992 - Guilford.
  35. On Being Unconsciously Influenced and Informed.K. S. Bowers - 1982 - In K. S. Bowers & D. Meichenbaum (eds.), The Unconscious Reconsidered. Wiley.
  36. The Unconscious Reconsidered.K. S. Bowers & D. Meichenbaum (eds.) - 1982 - Wiley.
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  37. Mechthild Nagel, Masking the Abject. A Genealogy of Play Reviewed By.Costica Bradatan - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23 (5):352-353.
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  38. Mechthild Nagel, Masking the Abject. A Genealogy of Play. [REVIEW]Costica Bradatan - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23:352-353.
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  39. Unmasking Visual Masking: A Look at the "Why" Behind the Veil of the "How.".Bruno G. Breitmeyer - 1980 - Psychological Review 87 (1):52-69.
  40. Metacontrast Masking as a Function of Mask Energy.Bruno G. Breitmeyer - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (1):50-52.
  41. Implications of Sustained and Transient Channels for Theories of Visual Pattern Masking, Saccadic Suppression, and Information Processing.Bruno G. Breitmeyer & Leo Ganz - 1976 - Psychological Review 83 (1):1-36.
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  42. Visual Masking Reveals Differences Between the Nonconscious and Conscious Processing of Form and Surface Attributes.Bruno G. Breitmeyer & Haluk Ögmen - 2006 - In Haluk Ögmen & Bruno G. Breitmeyer (eds.), The First Half Second: The Microgenesis and Temporal Dynamics of Unconscious and Conscious Visual Processes. MIT Press. pp. 315-333.
  43. Visual Masking: Time Slices Through Conscious and Unconscious Vision (2nd Ed.).Bruno G. Breitmeyer & Haluk Ögmen - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    This new edition uses the technique of visual masking to explore temporal aspects of conscious and unconscious processes down to a resolution in the...
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  44. Unconscious Priming by Color and Form: Different Processes and Levels.Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Haluk Ogmen & Jian Chen - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):138-157.
    Using a metacontrast masking paradigm, prior studies have shown that a target’s color information and form information, can be processed without awareness and that unconscious color processing occurs at early, wavelength-dependent levels in the cortical information processing hierarchy. Here we used a combination of paracontrast and metacontrast masking techniques to explore unconscious color and form priming effects produced by blue, green, and neutral stimuli. We found that color priming in normal observers is significantly reduced when an additional paracontrast mask precedes (...)
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  45. Unconscious and Conscious Priming by Forms and Their Parts.Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Haluk Ogmen, Jose Ramon & Jian Chen - 2005 - Visual Cognition 12 (5):720-736.
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  46. A Comparison of Masking by Visual and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Implications for the Study of Conscious and Unconscious Visual Processing.Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Tony Ro & Haluk Ogmen - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):829-843.
    Visual stimuli as well as transcranial magnetic stimulation can be used: to suppress the visibility of a target and to recover the visibility of a target that has been suppressed by another mask. Both types of stimulation thus provide useful methods for studying the microgenesis of object perception. We first review evidence of similarities between the processes by which a TMS mask and a visual mask can either suppress the visibility of targets or recover such suppressed visibility. However, we then (...)
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  47. Unconscious, Stimulus-Dependent Priming and Conscious, Percept-Dependent Priming with Chromatic Stimuli.Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Tony Ro, Haluk Ögmen & Steven Todd - 2007 - Perception and Psychophysics 69 (4):550-557.
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  48. Unconscious Color Priming Occurs at Stimulus- Not Percept-Dependent Levels of Processing.Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Tony Ro & Neel S. Singhal - 2004 - Psychological Science 15 (3):198-202.
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  49. Conscious Vs Unconscious Processes: The Case of Vision.Bruce Bridgeman - 1992 - Theory and Psychology 2:73-88.
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  50. Theories of Visual Masking.Bruce Bridgeman - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):25.
1 — 50 / 436