Degrees of fairness and proportional chances

Utilitas 21 (2):217-221 (2009)
Authors
Adam Cureton
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Abstract
Suppose the following: Two groups of people require our aid but we can help only one group; there are more people in the first group than the second group; every person in both groups has an equal claim on our aid; and we have a duty to help and no other special obligations or duties. I argue that there exists at least one fairness function, which is a function that measures the goodness of degrees of fairness, that implies that we should follow a procedure of proportional chances to determine which group to aid.
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DOI 10.1017/S0953820809003483
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