Phronesis 58 (2):139-59 (2013)

Authors
Mark Johnstone
McMaster University
Abstract
In books 8 and 9 of Plato’s Republic, Socrates provides a detailed account of the nature and origins of four main kinds of vice found in political constitutions and in the kinds of people that correspond to them. The third of the four corrupt kinds of person he describes is the ‘democratic man’. In this paper, I ask what ‘rules’ in the democratic man’s soul. It is commonly thought that his soul is ruled in some way by its appetitive part, or by a particular class of appetitive desires. I reject this view, and argue instead that his soul is ruled by a succession of desires of a full range of different kinds. I show how this view helps us better understand Plato’s depiction of corrupt souls in the Republic more generally, and with it his views on the rule of the soul, appetitive desire, and the nature of vice.
Keywords Plato  Republic  Soul  Desire  Appetite
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1163/15685284-12341245
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Plato’s Ethics.Terence Irwin - 1995 - Oxford University Press.
An Introduction to Plato's Republic.Julia Annas - 1981 - Oxford University Press.

View all 32 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Tyrannized Souls: Plato's Depiction of the ‘Tyrannical Man’.Mark A. Johnstone - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (3):423-437.
Plato on the Enslavement of Reason.Mark A. Johnstone - 2020 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):382-394.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Plato on the Parts of the Soul.Dale Jacquette - 2003 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 8 (1):43-68.
Pleasure and Illusion in Plato.Jessica Moss - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (3):503 - 535.
Plato's Analogy of Soul and State.Nicholas D. Smith - 1999 - The Journal of Ethics 3 (1):31-49.
City and Soul in Plato's Republic.G. R. F. Ferrari - 2003 - University of Chicago Press.
The Nature of the Soul in Republic X.James V. Robinson - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:213-222.
A Multiform Desire.Olof Pettersson - 2013 - Dissertation, Uppsala University

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-08-30

Total views
736 ( #6,112 of 2,348,160 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
87 ( #6,280 of 2,348,160 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes