Philosophical Studies 112 (1):1-30 (2003)

Authors
Stuart Rachels
University of Alabama
Abstract
I aim to show that (i) there are good ways to argue about what has intrinsic value; and (ii) good ethical arguments needn't make ethical assumptions. I support (i) and(ii) by rebutting direct attacks, by discussing nine plausible ways to argue about intrinsic value, and by arguing for pains intrinsic badness without making ethical assumptions. If (i) and (ii) are correct, then ethical theory has more resources than many philosophers have thought: empirical evidence, and evidence bearing on intrinsic value. With more resources, we can hope to base all of our moral beliefs on evidence rather than on, say, emotion or mere intuition.
Keywords Intrinsic Value  Pain  Foundations of Ethics  Types of Arguments  Intuition
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DOI 10.1023/a:1022558420553
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References found in this work BETA

Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
Mind and World.John McDowell - 1994 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Principia Ethica.G. E. Moore - 1903 - Dover Publications.
The Sources of Normativity.Christine M. Korsgaard - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
Morals by Agreement.David Gauthier - 1986 - Oxford University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Evolutionary Debunking Arguments.Guy Kahane - 2011 - Noûs 45 (1):103-125.
Intrinsic Vs. Extrinsic Value.Michael J. Zimmerman - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Truth is Not (Very) Intrinsically Valuable.Chase B. Wrenn - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (1):108-128.
The Value of Autonomy in Medical Ethics.Jukka Varelius - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (3):377-388.
Nothing Matters in Survival.Torin Alter & Stuart Rachels - 2005 - The Journal of Ethics 9 (3-4):311-330.

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