Results for 'Miho Tanaka'

347 found
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  1. The Relationship Between Environments and Ostracode Assemblages From Miho Bay to Lake Shinji.G. Tanaka, K. Seto & K. Takayasu - 1998 - Laguna 5:81-91.
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  2.  2
    Ethical Issues Around the Withdrawal of Dialysis Treatment in Japan.Miho Tanaka & Satoshi Kodama - 2020 - Asian Bioethics Review 12 (1):51-57.
    In Japan, terminating life-sustaining treatment in non-terminal patients is legally and ethically problematic given the lack of legal regulations regarding the termination of LST, including dialysis treatment. This article describes an ethically problematic case that happened at a hospital in Tokyo in March 2019, in which a patient died after a physician withdrew kidney dialysis upon the patient’s request. Most national newspapers in Japan reported the case extensively and raised the question of ethical and legal permissibility of withdrawing dialysis treatment (...)
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  3. Simpson, SG, Tanaka, K. And Yamazaki, T., Some Conserva.K. Tanaka - 2002 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 118:249.
  4. Two Kinds of Logical Impossibility.Alexander Sandgren & Koji Tanaka - forthcoming - Noûs.
    In this paper, we argue that a distinction ought to be drawn between two ways in which a given world might be logically impossible. First, a world w might be impossible because the laws that hold at w are different from those that hold at some other world (say the actual world). Second, a world w might be impossible because the laws of logic that hold in some world (say the actual world) are violated at w. We develop a novel (...)
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  5. Buddhist Philosophy of Logic.Koji Tanaka - 2013 - In Steven Michael Emmanuel (ed.), Blackwell Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 320-330.
    Logic in Buddhist Philosophy concerns the systematic study of anumāna (often translated as inference) as developed by Dignāga (480-540 c.e.) and Dharmakīti (600-660 c.e.). Buddhist logicians think of inference as an instrument of knowledge (pramāṇa) and, thus, logic is considered to constitute part of epistemology in the Buddhist tradition. According to the prevalent 20th and early 21st century ‘Western’ conception of logic, however, logical study is the formal study of arguments. If we understand the nature of logic to be formal, (...)
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  6.  45
    On Medical Experts' Advice On Schools.Koji Tanaka - manuscript
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  7. Parts and Wholes in Face Recognition.J. W. Tanaka & M. J. Farah - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):520-520.
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  8.  17
    What is "Special" About Face Perception?Martha J. Farah, Kevin D. Wilson, Maxwell Drain & James N. Tanaka - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (3):482-498.
  9. Logically Impossible Worlds.Koji Tanaka - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Logic 15 (2):489.
    What does it mean for the laws of logic to fail? My task in this paper is to answer this question. I use the resources that Routley/Sylvan developed with his collaborators for the semantics of relevant logics to explain a world where the laws of logic fail. I claim that the non-normal worlds that Routley/Sylvan introduced are exactly such worlds. To disambiguate different kinds of impossible worlds, I call such worlds logically impossible worlds. At a logically impossible world, the laws (...)
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  10. Paraconsistent Dynamics.Patrick Girard & Koji Tanaka - 2016 - Synthese 193 (1):1-14.
    It has been an open question whether or not we can define a belief revision operation that is distinct from simple belief expansion using paraconsistent logic. In this paper, we investigate the possibility of meeting the challenge of defining a belief revision operation using the resources made available by the study of dynamic epistemic logic in the presence of paraconsistent logic. We will show that it is possible to define dynamic operations of belief revision in a paraconsistent setting.
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  11.  61
    A Holistic Account of the Own-Race Effect in Face Recognition: Evidence From a Cross-Cultural Study.James W. Tanaka, Markus Kiefer & Cindy M. Bukach - 2004 - Cognition 93 (1):B1-B9.
  12.  13
    Moral Distress Experienced by Psychiatric Nurses in Japan.Kayoko Ohnishi, Yasuko Ohgushi, Masataka Nakano, Hirohide Fujii, Hiromi Tanaka, Kazuyo Kitaoka, Jun Nakahara & Yugo Narita - 2010 - Nursing Ethics 17 (6):726-740.
    This study aimed to: (1) develop and evaluate the Moral Distress Scale for Psychiatric nurses (MDS-P); (2) use the MDS-P to examine the moral distress experienced by Japanese psychiatric nurses; and (3) explore the correlation between moral distress and burnout. A questionnaire on the intensity and frequency of moral distress items (the MDS-P: 15 items grouped into three factors), a burnout scale (Maslach Burnout Inventory — General Survey) and demographic questions were administered to 391 Japanese psychiatric nurses in 2007—2008. These (...)
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  13. Paraconsistency: Logic and Applications.Francesco Berto, Edwin Mares, Koji Tanaka & Francesco Paoli (eds.) - 2013 - Springer.
    A logic is called 'paraconsistent' if it rejects the rule called 'ex contradictione quodlibet', according to which any conclusion follows from inconsistent premises. While logicians have proposed many technically developed paraconsistent logical systems and contemporary philosophers like Graham Priest have advanced the view that some contradictions can be true, and advocated a paraconsistent logic to deal with them, until recent times these systems have been little understood by philosophers. This book presents a comprehensive overview on paraconsistent logical systems to change (...)
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  14.  20
    Mixed Emotions: Holistic and Analytic Perception of Facial Expressions.James W. Tanaka, Martha D. Kaiser, Sean Butler & Richard Le Grand - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (6):961-977.
  15. Priest’s Anti-Exceptionalism, Candrakīrti and Paraconsistency.Koji Tanaka - 2019 - In Can Başkent & Thomas Macaulay Ferguson (eds.), Graham Priest on Dialetheism and Paraconsistency. Dordrecht: Springer Verlag. pp. 127-138.
    Priest holds anti-exceptionalism about logic. That is, he holds that logic, as a theory, does not have any exceptional status in relation to the theories of empirical sciences. Crucial to Priest’s anti-exceptionalism is the existence of ‘data’ that can force the revision of logical theory. He claims that classical logic is inadequate to the available data and, thus, needs to be revised. But what kind of data can overturn classical logic? Priest claims that the data is our intuitions about the (...)
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  16.  33
    Functional Connectivity of the Precuneus in Female University Students with Long-Term Musical Training.Shoji Tanaka & Eiji Kirino - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  17. Making Sense of Paraconsistent Logic: The Nature of Logic, Classical Logic and Paraconsistent Logic.Koji Tanaka - 2013 - In Francesco Berto, Edwin Mares, Koji Tanaka & Francesco Paoli (eds.), Paraconsistency: Logic and Applications. Springer. pp. 15--25.
    Max Cresswell and Hilary Putnam seem to hold the view, often shared by classical logicians, that paraconsistent logic has not been made sense of, despite its well-developed mathematics. In this paper, I examine the nature of logic in order to understand what it means to make sense of logic. I then show that, just as one can make sense of non-normal modal logics (as Cresswell demonstrates), we can make `sense' of paraconsistent logic. Finally, I turn the tables on classical logicians (...)
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  18. Preference for Human Direct Gaze in Infant Chimpanzees.Masako Myowa-Yamakoshi, Masaki Tomonaga, Masayuki Tanaka & Tetsuro Matsuzawa - 2003 - Cognition 89 (2):113-124.
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  19. In Search of the Semantics of Emptiness.Koji Tanaka - 2014 - In JeeLoo Liu & Douglas Berger (eds.), Nothingness in Asian Philosophy. London: Routledge. pp. 55-63.
  20.  30
    The Entry Point of Face Recognition: Evidence for Face Expertise.James W. Tanaka - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (3):534.
  21.  22
    Cross Cultural Differences in Unconscious Knowledge.Sachiko Kiyokawa, Zoltán Dienes, Daisuke Tanaka, Ayumi Yamada & Louise Crowe - 2012 - Cognition 124 (1):16-24.
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  22.  63
    Features, Configuration and Holistic Face Processing.James W. Tanaka & Iris Gordon - 2011 - In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. Oxford University Press. pp. 177--194.
    This article explores the concept of recognizing a face holistically and examines the experimental paradigms that serve as the “gold standards” for holistic perception. It discusses the contribution of featural and configural information to the holistic process and the controversy surrounding these often misunderstood concepts. It claims that the recruitment of holistic processes is what distinguishes faces from most types of object recognition. The discussion focuses on the kind of featural and configural information that is impaired in an inverted face (...)
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  23.  66
    The AGM Theory and Inconsistent Belief Change.Koji Tanaka - 2005 - Logique Et Analyse 48 (189-192):113-150.
    The problem of how to accommodate inconsistencies has attracted quite a number of researchers, in particular, in the area of database theory. The problem is also of concern in the study of belief change. For inconsistent beliefs are ubiquitous. However, comparatively little work has been devoted to discussing the problem in the literature of belief change. In this paper, I examine how adequate the AGM theory is as a logical framework for belief change involving inconsistencies. The technique is to apply (...)
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  24.  20
    [Image] -Determinacy, Comprehension and Induction.Medyahya Ould Medsalem & Kazuyuki Tanaka - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (2):452 - 462.
    We show that each of $\Delta _{3}^{1}-{\rm CA}_{0}+\Sigma _{3}^{1}-{\rm IND}$ and $\Pi _{2}^{1}-{\rm CA}_{0}+\Pi _{3}^{1}-{\rm TI}$ proves $\Delta _{3}^{0}-{\rm Det}$ and that neither $\Sigma _{3}^{1}-{\rm IND}$ nor $\Pi _{3}^{1}-{\rm TI}$ can be dropped. We also show that neither $\Delta _{3}^{1}-{\rm CA}_{0}+\Sigma _{\infty}^{1}-{\rm IND}$ nor $\Pi _{2}^{1}-{\rm CA}_{0}+\Pi _{\infty}^{1}-{\rm TI}$ proves $\Sigma _{3}^{0}-{\rm Det}$. Moreover, we prove that none of $\Delta _{2}^{1}-{\rm CA}_{0}$, $\Sigma _{3}^{1}-{\rm IND}$ and $\Pi _{2}^{1}-{\rm TI}$ is provable in $\Delta _{1}^{1}-{\rm Det}_{0}={\rm ACA}_{0}+\Delta _{1}^{1}-{\rm Det}$.
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  25. The Role of Color in High-Level Vision.James Tanaka, Daniel Weiskopf & Pepper Williams - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (5):211-215.
  26.  17
    Δ 0 3 -Determinacy, Comprehension and Induction.MedYahya Ould MedSalem & Kazuyuki Tanaka - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (2):452-462.
    We show that each of Δ13-CA0 + Σ13-IND and Π12-CA0 + Π13-TI proves Δ03-Det and that neither Σ31-IND nor Π13-TI can be dropped. We also show that neither Δ13-CA0 + Σ1∞-IND nor Π12-CA0 + Π1∞-TI proves Σ03-Det. Moreover, we prove that none of Δ21-CA0, Σ31-IND and Π21-TI is provable in Δ11-Det0 = ACA0 + Δ11-Det.
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  27. Don't Think! Just Act!Bronwyn Finnigan & Koji Tanaka - 2010 - In Graham Priest & Damon Young (eds.), Philosophy and the Martial Arts. Open Court.
    Kenzo saw a slight movement of his opponent. “Now is the time to strike!” he thought. He started moving. But before he had time to raise his shinai (sword) he was struck on the men (head) by his opponent. “Ippon!” the judge called.
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  28.  22
    Implicit Transfer of Reversed Temporal Structure in Visuomotor Sequence Learning.Kanji Tanaka & Katsumi Watanabe - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (3):565-579.
    Some spatio-temporal structures are easier to transfer implicitly in sequential learning. In this study, we investigated whether the consistent reversal of triads of learned components would support the implicit transfer of their temporal structure in visuomotor sequence learning. A triad comprised three sequential button presses ([1][2][3]) and seven consecutive triads comprised a sequence. Participants learned sequences by trial and error, until they could complete it 20 times without error. Then, they learned another sequence, in which each triad was reversed ([3][2][1]), (...)
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  29.  21
    Imaging the Passionate Stage of Romantic Love by Dopamine Dynamics.Kayo Takahashi, Kei Mizuno, Akihiro T. Sasaki, Yasuhiro Wada, Masaaki Tanaka, Akira Ishii, Kanako Tajima, Naohiro Tsuyuguchi, Kyosuke Watanabe, Semir Zeki & Yasuyoshi Watanabe - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  30.  11
    Multi-Dimensional Dynamics of Human Electromagnetic Brain Activity.Tetsuo Kida, Emi Tanaka & Ryusuke Kakigi - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  31. Ways of Doing Cross-Cultural Philosophy.Koji Tanaka - 2016 - In John Makeham (ed.), Learning from the Other: Australian and Chinese Perspectives on Philosophy. Canberra: Australian Academy of the Humanities. pp. 59-65.
  32.  9
    Human Development Without Democratic Accountability: How Regressive Taxation Contributes to Human Development Through State Capacity.Junko Kato & Seiki Tanaka - 2018 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 19 (3):429-443.
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  33.  4
    The Dual Landscape Model of Adaptation and Niche Construction.Mark M. Tanaka, Peter Godfrey-Smith & Benjamin Kerr - 2020 - Philosophy of Science 87 (3):478-498.
    Wright’s “adaptive landscape” has been influential in evolutionary thinking but controversial, especially because the landscape that organisms encounter is altered by the evolutionary process itself and the effects organisms have on their environments. Lewontin offered a mathematical heuristic describing the coupling of niche construction and adaptive evolution. Here, we propose a “dual landscape” model to view these relationships. Our model represents change as simultaneous movement on two landscapes, each a function of phenotype and environment. This model clarifies the evolutionary feedback (...)
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  34.  70
    Moonshadows. Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy.Georges Dreyfus, Bronwyn Finnigan, Jay Garfield, Guy Newland, Graham Priest, Mark Siderits, Koji Tanaka, Sonam Thakchoe, Tom Tillemans & Jan Westerhoff - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    The doctrine of the two truths - a conventional truth and an ultimate truth - is central to Buddhist metaphysics and epistemology. The two truths (or two realities), the distinction between them, and the relation between them is understood variously in different Buddhist schools; it is of special importance to the Madhyamaka school. One theory is articulated with particular force by Nagarjuna (2nd ct CE) who famously claims that the two truths are identical to one another and yet distinct. One (...)
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  35. On Self-Awareness and the Self.Koji Tanaka - 2014 - In Graham Priest & Damon Young (eds.), Philosophy and Martial Arts. London: Routledge. pp. 127-138.
    Some philosophers of mind, cognitive scientists, phenomenologists as well as Buddhist philosophers have claimed that an awareness of an object is not just an experience of that object but also involves self-awareness. It is sometimes argued that being aware of an object without being aware of oneself is pathological. As anyone who has been involved in martial arts, as well as any sports requiring quick responses such as cricket and tennis, can testify, however, awareness of the self at the time (...)
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  36. Ethics for Mādhyamikas.Bronwyn Finnigan & Koji Tanaka - 2011 - In Georges Dreyfus, Bronwyn Finnigan, Jay Garfield, Guy Newland, Graham Priest, Mark Siderits, Koji Tanaka, Sonam Thakchoe, Tom Tillemans & Jan Westerhoff (eds.), Moonshadows. Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 221--31.
     
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  37.  14
    Weak Axioms of Determinacy and Subsystems of Analysis II.Kazuyuki Tanaka - 1991 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 52 (1-2):181-193.
    In [10], we have shown that the statement that all ∑ 1 1 partitions are Ramsey is deducible over ATR 0 from the axiom of ∑ 1 1 monotone inductive definition,but the reversal needs П 1 1 - CA 0 rather than ATR 0 . By contrast, we show in this paper that the statement that all ∑ 0 2 games are determinate is also deducible over ATR 0 from the axiom of ∑ 1 1 monotone inductive definition, but the (...)
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  38.  28
    Looking Across Domains to Understand Infant Representation of Emotion.Paul C. Quinn, Gizelle Anzures, Carroll E. Izard, Kang Lee, Olivier Pascalis, Alan M. Slater & James W. Tanaka - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (2):197-206.
    A comparison of the literatures on how infants represent generic object classes, gender and race information in faces, and emotional expressions reveals both common and distinctive developments in the three domains. In addition, the review indicates that some very basic questions remain to be answered regarding how infants represent facial displays of emotion, including (a) whether infants form category representations for discrete classes of emotion, (b) when and how such representations come to incorporate affective meaning, (c) the developmental trajectory for (...)
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  39. On Nāgārjuna's Ontological and Semantic Paradox.Koji Tanaka - 2016 - Philosophy East and West 66 (4):1292-1306.
    In one of his key texts, the Mūlamadhyamakakārikā, Nāgārjuna famously sets out to refute the ontology of essence.1 He presents numerous arguments to show that things don’t exist essentially—that is, that things are empty of essence or inherent existence. The doctrine of emptiness has been variously understood by traditional and contemporary commentators. Most radical is the recent interpretation presented by Garfield and Priest. They have rationally reconstructed Nāgārjuna’s doctrine of emptiness as an endorsement of the contradictory nature of reality. According (...)
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  40.  29
    Three Schools of Paraconsistency.Koji Tanaka - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Logic 1:28-42.
    A logic is said to be paraconsistent if it does not allow everything to follow from contradictory premises. There are several approaches to paraconsistency. This paper is concerned with several philosophical positions on paraconsistency. In particular, it concerns three ‘schools’ of paraconsistency: Australian, Belgian and Brazilian. The Belgian and Brazilian schools have raised some objections to the dialetheism of the Australian school. I argue that the Australian school of paraconsistency need not be closed down on the basis of the Belgian (...)
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  41.  25
    A Phenomenological and Dynamic View of Homology: Homologs as Persistently Reproducible Modules.Daichi G. Suzuki & Senji Tanaka - 2017 - Biological Theory 12 (3):169-180.
    Homology is a fundamental concept in biology. However, the metaphysical status of homology, especially whether a homolog is a part of an individual or a member of a natural kind, is still a matter of intense debate. The proponents of the individuality view of homology criticize the natural kind view of homology by pointing out that homologs are subject to evolutionary transformation, and natural kinds do not change in the evolutionary process. Conversely, some proponents of the natural kind view of (...)
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  42.  3
    Dissociable Networks of the Lateral/Medial Mammillary Body in the Human Brain.Masaki Tanaka, Takahiro Osada, Akitoshi Ogawa, Koji Kamagata, Shigeki Aoki & Seiki Konishi - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  43.  21
    Neural Entrainment to Auditory Imagery of Rhythms.Haruki Okawa, Kaori Suefusa & Toshihisa Tanaka - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  44.  10
    Fixed Point Theory in Weak Second-Order Arithmetic.Naoki Shioji & Kazuyuki Tanaka - 1990 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 47 (2):167-188.
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  45.  17
    Dynamic Reconfiguration of the Supplementary Motor Area Network During Imagined Music Performance.Shoji Tanaka & Eiji Kirino - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  46.  33
    Some Conservation Results on Weak König's Lemma.Stephen G. Simpson, Kazuyuki Tanaka & Takeshi Yamazaki - 2002 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 118 (1-2):87-114.
    By , we denote the system of second-order arithmetic based on recursive comprehension axioms and Σ10 induction. is defined to be plus weak König's lemma: every infinite tree of sequences of 0's and 1's has an infinite path. In this paper, we first show that for any countable model M of , there exists a countable model M′ of whose first-order part is the same as that of M, and whose second-order part consists of the M-recursive sets and sets not (...)
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  47. In Defense of Priest -- A Reply to Mortensen.Koji Tanaka - 2007 - Philosophy East and West 57 (2):257-259.
  48.  24
    Looking Across Domains to Understand Infant Representation of Emotion.Paul C. Quinn, Gizelle Anzures, Carroll E. Izard, Kang Lee, Alan M. Slater, Olivier Pascalis & James W. Tanaka - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (2).
  49.  27
    Non‐Standard Analysis in WKL0.Kazuyuki Tanaka - 1997 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 43 (3):396-400.
    Within a weak subsystem of second-order arithmetic WKL0, we develop basic part of non-standard analysis up to the Peano existence theorem.
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  50. Consilience, Cultural Evolution, and the Humanities.Jiro Tanaka - 2010 - Philosophy and Literature 34 (1):pp. 32-47.
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