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  1.  17
    Heuristics and Biases: Interactions Among Numeracy, Ability, and Reflectiveness Predict Normative Responding.Paul A. Klaczynski - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  2. : A Dual-Process Approach to Cognitive Development: The Case of Children's Understanding of Sunk Cost Decisions.Paul A. Klaczynski & Jennifer M. Cottrell - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):147 – 174.
    Only in recent years have developmental psychologists begun advocating and exploring dual-process theories and their applicability to cognitive development. In this paper, a dual-process model of developments in two processing systems—an “analytic” and an “experiential” system—is discussed. We emphasise the importance of “metacognitive intercession” and developments in this ability to override experiential processing. In each of two studies of sunk cost decisions, age-related developments in normative decisions were observed, as were declines in the use of a “waste not” heuristic. In (...)
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  3. Cognitive and Social Cognitive Development: Dual-Process Research and Theory.Paul A. Klaczynski - 2009 - In Jonathan Evans & Keith Frankish (eds.), In Two Minds: Dual Processes and Beyond. Oxford University Press.
  4.  58
    Individual Differences in Conditional Reasoning: A Dual-Process Account.Paul A. Klaczynski & David B. Daniel - 2005 - Thinking and Reasoning 11 (4):305 – 325.
    Dual-process theories of conditional reasoning predict that relationships among four basic logical forms, and to intellectual ability and thinking predictions, are most evident when conflict arises between experiential and analytic processing (e.g., Stanovich & West, 2000). To test these predictions, 210 undergraduates were presented with conditionals for which the consequents were either weakly or strongly associated with alternative antecedents (i.e., WA and SA problems, respectively). Consistent with predictions, modus ponens inferences were not related to inferences on the uncertain forms (affirmation (...)
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  5.  29
    Is Rationality Really “Bounded” by Information Processing Constraints?Paul A. Klaczynski - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):683-684.
    Extremist views on normative rationality fail to address differences in responding owing to intellectual ability or epistemic self-regulation. Individual difference research thus raises serious questions concerning the scientific utility of universal rationality and universal irrationality theories. However, recent data indicate that computational capacity theories do not account adequately for within-subject variability in normative responding, memory-reasoning independence, and instances of ability-normative reasoning independence.
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