Inequalities in HIV Care: Chances Versus Outcomes

American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):42-44 (2011)
We analyse three moral dilemmas involving resource allocation in care for HIV-positive patients. Ole Norheim and Kjell Arne Johansson have argued that these cases reveal a tension between egalitarian concerns and concerns for better population health. We argue, by contrast, that these cases reveal a tension between, on the one hand, a concern for equal *chances*, and, on the other hand, both a concern for better health and an egalitarian concern for equal *outcomes*. We conclude that, in these cases, there is much less tension than Norheim and Johansson claim between egalitarian concerns and concerns for better population health.
Keywords Medical resource allocation  equality of opportunity  egalitarianism  fair chances
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    Bertil Tungodden (2003). The Value of Equality. Economics and Philosophy 19 (1):1-44.
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