David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy of Science 43 (June):223-253 (1976)
B. F. Skinner's claim that "operant behavior is essentially the field of purpose" is systematically explored. It is argued that Charles Taylor's illuminating analysis of the explanatory significance of common-sense goal-ascriptions (1) lends some (fairly restricted) support to Skinner's claim, (2) considerably clarifies the conceptual significance of differences between operant and respondent behavior and conditioning, and (3) undercuts influential assertions (e.g., Taylor's) that research programs for behavioristic psychology share a "mechanistic" orientation. A strategy is suggested for assessing the plausibility of Skinner's broader claims about the adequacy of the operant behaviorist program for the analysis of purposive behavior.
|Keywords||Action Behavior Explanation Intention Organism Psychology Purpose Science|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Jonathan Bennett (1993). Comments on Dennett From a Cautious Ally. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):381-385.
Daniel C. Dennett (1993). Evolution, Teleology, Intentionality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):89-391.
William A. Rottschaefer (1982). Psychological Foundations of Value Theory: B. F. Skinners Science of Values. Zygon 17 (3):293-301.
William A. Rottschaefer (2007). Mythic Religious Naturalism. Zygon 42 (2):369-408.
Jon Ringen (1993). Dennett's Intentions and Darwin's Legacy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):386.
Similar books and articles
Frances K. McSweeney & Kenjiro Aoyama (2001). Evolution and Operant Behavior, Metaphor or Theory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):545-546.
Ronald J. Glossop (1970). Explaining Human Behavior. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30 (March):444-449.
Edmund Fantino & Stephanie Stolarz-Fantino (2000). Fish Displaying and Infants Sucking: The Operant Side of the Social Behavior Coin. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):254-255.
Gordon R. Foxall (2007). Intentional Behaviorism. Behavior and Philosophy 35:1 - 55.
C. Taylor (1964). The Explanation Of Behaviour. Humanities Press.
Jon Ringen (1985). Operant Conditioning and a Paradox of Teleology. Philosophy of Science 52 (4):565-577.
Emilio Ribes-Iñesta (2003). What Is Defined in Operational Definitions? The Case of Operant Psychology. Behavior and Philosophy 31:111 - 126.
Roy A. Moxley (1996). The Import of Skinner's Three-Term Contingency. Behavior and Philosophy 24 (2):145 - 167.
William Timberlake (2004). Is the Operant Contingency Enough for a Science of Purposive Behavior? Behavior and Philosophy 32 (1):197 - 229.
Douglas V. Porpora (1980). Operant Conditioning and Teleology. Philosophy of Science 47 (4):568-582.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads43 ( #77,450 of 1,725,580 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #167,283 of 1,725,580 )
How can I increase my downloads?