David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
One of the key concepts in the Philosophy of Logic is the notion of inference. In this paper we expand the notion of logical inference and describe its role in a comprehensive theory of rationality. Some recent rationality theories either presuppose an unattainable logical capacity or they minimize the role of logic, in light of the vast amount of data on fallacious inferential performance. In this paper we defend the view that logical acuity, redefined to include heuristics, is a necessary factor in rationality. We evaluate some presuppositions of algorithmic models and some normative and metatheoretical properties of heuristic models, and defend our model against possible objections. Our revised notion of logical inference functions as the nucleus of the notion of logical acuity which in turn is a necessary building block for a realistic model of rationality. This model emphasizes the logical role of inferential heuristics, cognitive constraints and contextuality, introduces concepts such as "obvious inference", "cautious deductive closure", and "familiarity", and develops the notions of cognitive economy and contextual limitations as tools for evaluating and predicting rational behavior
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Ken Akiba (1996). Logic as Instrument: The Millian View on the Role of Logic. History and Philosophy of Logic 17 (1-2):73-83.
Peter Schroeder-Heister (1984). Popper's Theory of Deductive Inference and the Concept of a Logical Constant. History and Philosophy of Logic 5 (1):79-110.
Samir Chopra & Eric Martin (2002). Generalized Logical Consequence: Making Room for Induction in the Logic of Science. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (3):245-280.
David Moshman (2004). From Inference to Reasoning: The Construction of Rationality. Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):221 – 239.
Theodore Hailperin (1991). Probability Logic in the Twentieth Century. History and Philosophy of Logic 12 (1):71-110.
Pablo Cobreros (2008). Supervaluationism and Logical Consequence: A Third Way. Studia Logica 90 (3):291 - 312.
David Sherry (1991). The Inconspicuous Role of Paraphrase. History and Philosophy of Logic 12 (2):151-166.
Pascal Engel (2006). Logic, Reasoning and the Logical Constants. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):219-235.
Ken Akiba (2000). Logic and Truth. Journal of Philosophical Research 25:101-123.
Simon J. Evnine (2001). The Universality of Logic: On the Connection Between Rationality and Logical Ability. Mind 110 (438):335-367.
Frederick Eberhardt & David Danks (2011). Confirmation in the Cognitive Sciences: The Problematic Case of Bayesian Models. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 21 (3):389-410.
Jaroslav Peregrin (2006). Meaning as an Inferential Role. Erkenntnis 64 (1):1-35.
Mike Oaksford & Jo Sellen (2000). Paradoxical Individual Differences in Conditional Inference. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):691-692.
Added to index2011-12-02
Total downloads7 ( #147,241 of 1,006,563 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,735 of 1,006,563 )
How can I increase my downloads?