David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Current Directions in Psychological Science 21 (4):232-236 (2012)
Social norms have played a key role in the evolution of human cooperation, serving to stabilize prosocial and egalitarian behavior despite the self-serving motives of individuals. Young children’s behavior mostly conforms to social norms, as they follow adult behavioral directives and instructions. But it turns out that even preschool children also actively enforce social norms on others, often using generic normative language to do so. This behavior is not easily explained by individualistic motives; it is more likely a result of children’s growing identification with their cultural group, which leads to prosocial motives for preserving its ways of doing things.
|Keywords||young children social norms norm enforcement social cognition normativity cooperation conventionality|
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Cristine H. Legare, Nicole J. Wen, Patricia A. Herrmann & Harvey Whitehouse (2015). Imitative Flexibility and the Development of Cultural Learning. Cognition 142:351-361.
Joachim De Beule (2014). Sketch for a Theory of Evolution Based on Coding. Biosemiotics 7 (2):181-201.
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