The emperor's real mind -- Review of Roger Penrose's The Emperor's new Mind: Concerning Computers Minds and the Laws of Physics
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Artificial Intelligence 56 (2-3):355-396 (1992)
"The Emperor's New Mind" by Roger Penrose has received a great deal of both praise and criticism. This review discusses philosophical aspects of the book that form an attack on the "strong" AI thesis. Eight different versions of this thesis are distinguished, and sources of ambiguity diagnosed, including different requirements for relationships between program and behaviour. Excessively strong versions attacked by Penrose (and Searle) are not worth defending or attacking, whereas weaker versions remain problematic. Penrose (like Searle) regards the notion of an algorithm as central to AI, whereas it is argued here that for the purpose of explaining mental capabilities the architecture of an intelligent system is more important than the concept of an algorithm, using the premise that what makes something intelligent is not what it does but how it does it. What needs to be explained is also unclear: Penrose thinks we all know what consciousness is and claims that the ability to judge Go "del's formula to be true depends on it. He also suggests that quantum phenomena underly consciousness. This is rebutted by arguing that our existing concept of "consciousness" is too vague and muddled to be of use in science. This and related concepts will gradually be replaced by a more powerful theory-based taxonomy of types of mental states and processes. The central argument offered by Penrose against the strong AI thesis depends on a tempting but unjustified interpretation of Goedel's incompleteness theorem. Some critics are shown to have missed the point of his argument. A stronger criticism is mounted, and the relevance of mathematical Platonism analysed. Architectural requirements for intelligence are discussed and differences between serial and parallel implementations analysed.
|Keywords||Penrose Searle Consciousness Artificial Intelligence Architecture Goedel's theorem Philosophy of mathematics Cognitive science Algorithms Philosophy of mind|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Olivier Hekster (2003). Emperor Worship I. Gradel: Emperor Worship and Roman Religion . Pp. XVII + 398, Maps, Ills. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2002. Cased, £55. Isbn: 0-19-815275-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 53 (02):426-.
H. Mattingly (1935). The Emperor Gaius J. P. V. D. Balsdon : The Emperor Gaius (Caligula). Pp. Xix + 243. Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1934. Cloth, 10s. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 49 (04):146-147.
Laurence Goldstein (1983). Scientific Scotism - the Emperor's New Trousers or has Armstrong Made Some Real Strides? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 61 (1):40 – 57.
Catharine Edwards (1992). A Crazy Emperor? Arther Ferrill: Caligula: Emperor of Rome. Pp. 184; 19 Illustrations. London: Thames and Hudson, 1991. £12.95. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 42 (01):114-115.
Miriam Griffin (1993). The Unlikeable Emperor Brian W. Jones: The Emperor Domitian. Pp. Xi + 292. London and New York: Routledge, 1992. £30.00. The Classical Review 43 (01):113-116.
I. Walker (1994). Minding the Emperor's New Mind. Acta Biotheoretica 42 (1):77-84.
Alice Gardner (1915). The Works of the Emperor Julian The Works of the Emperor Julian, with an English Translation. By Wilmer Cave Wright, Ph.D. Vol. II. London: Heinemann, 1913. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 29 (05):143-145.
Paul Veyne (2003). What Was a Roman Emperor? Emperor, Therefore a God. Diogenes 50 (3):3-21.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads29 ( #69,588 of 1,410,451 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #38,287 of 1,410,451 )
How can I increase my downloads?