David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Continental Philosophy Review 43 (1):97-110 (2010)
Until now post-structuralism and phenomenology are widely regarded as opposites. Contrary to this opinion, I am arguing that they have a lot in common. In order to make my argument, I concentrate on Judith Butler’s poststructuralist concept of performativity to confront it with Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenological concept of expressivity. While Butler claims that phenomenological theories of expression are in danger of essentialism and thus must be replaced by non-essentialist theories of performativity, I hold that Merleau-Ponty’s concept of expressivity must strictly be understood in anti-essentialist terms. Following this line of interpretation, “expressivity” and “performativity”—as well as phenomenology and post-structuralism—are not opposites but partners in the search for an anti-essentialist gender concept. Consequently, feminist phenomenology turns out to be a non-essentialist approach that combines phenomenological and post-structural insights.
|Keywords||Judith Butler Maurice Merleau-Ponty Performativity Expressivity Gender Essentialism Phenomenology Post-structuralism|
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References found in this work BETA
J. Butler (forthcoming). Performative Acts and Gender Constitution: An Essay in Phenomenology and Feminist Theory. Theatre Journal:519--531.
Judith Butler (1994). Interview by Peter Osborne and Lynne Segal, London, 1993. Radical Philosophy 67.
Citations of this work BETA
Anna Petronella Foultier (2013). Language and the Gendered Body: Butler's Early Reading of Merleau‐Ponty. Hypatia 28 (4):767-783.
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