Search results for 'Kai Engbert' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Andreas Wohlschläger, Kai Engbert & Patrick Haggard (2003). Intentionality as a Constituting Condition for the Own Self--And Other Selves. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):708-716.score: 120.0
    Introspectively, the awareness of actions includes the awareness of the intentions accompanying them. Therefore, the awareness of self-generated actions might be expected to differ from the awareness of other-generated actions to the extent that access to one's own and to other's intentions differs. However, we recently showed that the perceived onset times of self- vs. other-generated actions are similar, yet both are different from comparable events that are conceived as being generated by a machine. This similarity raises two interesting possibilities. (...)
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  2. Kai Engbert, Andreas Wohlschläger & Patrick Haggard (2008). Who is Causing What? The Sense of Agency is Relational and Efferent-Triggered. Cognition 107 (2):693-704.score: 120.0
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  3. Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby, Noriko Nagao, Ichiro Kai & Hajime Sato (2007). An Eight-Year Follow-Up National Study of Medical School and General Hospital Ethics Committees in Japan. BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.score: 30.0
    Background Ethics committees and their system of research protocol peer-review are currently used worldwide. To ensure an international standard for research ethics and safety, however, data is needed on the quality and function of each nation's ethics committees. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and developments of ethics committees established at medical schools and general hospitals in Japan. Methods This study consisted of four national surveys sent twice over a period of eight years to two separate (...)
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  4. Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Ichiro Kai (2003). Perspectives on Advance Directives in Japanese Society: A Population-Based Questionnaire Survey. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 4 (1):1-9.score: 30.0
    Background In Japan, discussion concerning advance directives (ADs) has been on the rise during the past decade. ADs are one method proposed to facilitate the process of communication among patients, families and health care providers regarding the plan of care of a patient who is no longer capable of communicating. In this paper, we report the results of the first in-depth survey on the general population concerning the preferences and use of ADs in Japan. Method A self-administered questionnaire was sent (...)
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  5. Hiroaki Miyata, Hiromi Shiraishi & Ichiro Kai (2006). Survey of the General Public's Attitudes Toward Advance Directives in Japan: How to Respect Patients' Preferences. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1):1-9.score: 30.0
    Background Japanese people have become increasingly interested in the expression and enhancement of their individual autonomy in medical decisions made regarding medical treatment at and toward the end of life. However, while many Western countries have implemented legislation that deals with patient autonomy in the case of terminal illness, no such legislation exists in Japan. The rationale for this research is based on the need to investigate patient's preferences regarding treatment at the end of life in order to re-evaluate advance (...)
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  6. Hajime Sato, Akira Akabayashi & Ichiro Kai (2005). Public Appraisal of Government Efforts and Participation Intent in Medico-Ethical Policymaking in Japan: A Large Scale National Survey Concerning Brain Death and Organ Transplant. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 6 (1):1-12.score: 30.0
    Public satisfaction with policy process influences the legitimacy and acceptance of policies, and conditions the future political process, especially when contending ethical value judgments are involved. On the other hand, public involvement is required if effective policy is to be developed and accepted.
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  7. A. Wohlschlager, K. Engbert & P. Haggard (2003). Intentionality as a Constituting Condition for the Own Self-and Other Selves. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):708-716.score: 30.0
    Introspectively, the awareness of actions includes the awareness of the intentions accompanying them. Therefore, the awareness of self-generated actions might be expected to differ from the awareness of other-generated actions to the extent that access to one's own and to other's intentions differs. However, we recently showed that the perceived onset times of self- vs. other-generated actions are similar, yet both are different from comparable events that are conceived as being generated by a machine. This similarity raises two interesting possibilities. (...)
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  8. Felix Engelmann, Shravan Vasishth, Ralf Engbert & Reinhold Kliegl (2013). A Framework for Modeling the Interaction of Syntactic Processing and Eye Movement Control. Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (3):452-474.score: 30.0
    We explore the interaction between oculomotor control and language comprehension on the sentence level using two well-tested computational accounts of parsing difficulty. Previous work (Boston, Hale, Vasishth, & Kliegl, 2011) has shown that surprisal (Hale, 2001; Levy, 2008) and cue-based memory retrieval (Lewis & Vasishth, 2005) are significant and complementary predictors of reading time in an eyetracking corpus. It remains an open question how the sentence processor interacts with oculomotor control. Using a simple linking hypothesis proposed in Reichle, Warren, and (...)
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  9. Ralf Engbert & Reinhold Kliegl (2003). The Game of Word Skipping: Who Are the Competitors? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):481-482.score: 30.0
    Computational models such as E-Z Reader and SWIFT are ideal theoretical tools to test quantitatively our current understanding of eye-movement control in reading. Here we present a mathematical analysis of word skipping in the E-Z Reader model by semianalytic methods, to highlight the differences in current modeling approaches. In E-Z Reader, the word identification system must outperform the oculomotor system to induce word skipping. In SWIFT, there is competition among words to be selected as a saccade target. We conclude that (...)
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  10. Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby, Noriko Nagao, Ichiro Kai & Hajime Sato (2008). A Five Year Follow-Up National Study of Ethics Committees in Medical Organizations in Japan. HEC Forum 20 (1):49-60.score: 30.0
    Compared to institutional and area-based ethics committees, little is known about the structure and activities performed by ethics committees at national medical organizations and societies. This five year follow-up study aimed to determine (1) the creation and function of ethics committees at medical organizations in Japan, and (2) their general strategies to deal with ethical problems. The study sample included the member societies of the Japanese Association of Medical Sciences (n=92 in 1998, n=96 in 2003). Instruments consisted of two sections: (...)
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  11. Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby, Ichiro Kai, Tadashi Nishimura & Akiko Yamagishi (2004). The Development of a Brief and Objective Method for Evaluating Moral Sensitivity and Reasoning in Medical Students. BMC Medical Ethics 5 (1):1-7.score: 30.0
    BackgroundMost medical schools in Japan have incorporated mandatory courses on medical ethics. To this date, however, there is no established means of evaluating medical ethics education in Japan. This study looks 1) To develop a brief, objective method of evaluation for moral sensitivity and reasoning; 2) To conduct a test battery for the PIT and the DIT on medical students who are either currently in school or who have recently graduated (residents); 3) To investigate changes in moral sensitivity and reasoning (...)
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  12. K. Engbert & A. WohlschlAger (2007). Intentions and Expectations in Temporal Binding. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):255-264.score: 30.0
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  13. Reinhold Kliegl & Ralf Engbert (2003). How Tight is the Link Between Lexical Processing and Saccade Programs? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):491-492.score: 30.0
    We question the assumption of serial attention shifts and the assumption that saccade programs are initiated or canceled only after stage one of word identification. Evidence: (1) Fixation durations prior to skipped words are not consistently higher compared to those prior to nonskipped words. (2) Attentional modulation of microsaccade rate might occur after early visual processing. Saccades are probably triggered by attentional selection.
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  14. M. Miyasaka, A. Akabayashi, I. Kai & G. Ohi (1999). An International Survey of Medical Ethics Curricula in Asia. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (6):514-521.score: 30.0
    SETTING: Medical ethics education has become common, and the integrated ethics curriculum has been recommended in Western countries. It should be questioned whether there is one, universal method of teaching ethics applicable worldwide to medical schools, especially those in non-Western developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To characterise the medical ethics curricula at Asian medical schools. DESIGN: Mailed survey of 206 medical schools in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Korea, Mongolia, Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Australia and New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: A total (...)
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  15. Hajime Sato, Akira Akabayashi & Ichiro Kai (2006). Public, Experts, and Acceptance of Advanced Medical Technologies: The Case of Organ Transplant and Gene Therapy in Japan. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 14 (4):203-214.score: 30.0
    In 1997, after long social debates, the Japanese government enacted a law on organ transplantation from brain-dead bodies. Since 1993, on gene therapy, administrative agencies have issued a series of guidelines. This study seeks to elucidate when people became aware of the issues and when they formed their opinions on organ transplant and gene therapy. At the same time, it aims to examine at which point in time experts, those in university ethical committees and in academic societies, consider these technologies (...)
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  16. Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby & Ichiro Kai (2003). Perspectives on Advance Directives in Japanese Society: A Population-Based Questionnaire Survey. BMC Medical Ethics 4 (1):5.score: 30.0
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  17. Ralf Engbert (2006). Microsaccades: A Microcosm for Research on Oculomotor Control, Attention, and Visual Perception. In Susana Martinez-Conde, S. L. Macknik, L. M. Martinez, J.-M. Alonso & P. U. Tse (eds.), Progress in Brain Research. Elsevier Science. 154--177.score: 30.0
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  18. Nobuyuki Iida & Katsunori Kai (eds.) (2008). Shūmatsuki Iryō to Seimei Rinri. Taiyō Shuppan.score: 30.0
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  19. Tao Kai (1993). Determine the Truth Through Practice, Acquire New Knowledge From Experience. Contemporary Chinese Thought 25 (2):73-81.score: 30.0
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  20. Ren Kai (2002). Ecological Crisis Consciousness of Technological Civilized Society. Modern Philosophy 2:007.score: 30.0
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  21. Nielsen Kai (1989). Marxism and Arguing for Justice. Social Research 56:713-739.score: 30.0
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  22. von Fintel Kai (1999). Npi Licensing, Strawson Entailment, and Context Dependency. Journal of Semantics 16 (2).score: 30.0
     
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  23. Katsunori Kai (ed.) (2009). Posuto Genomu Shakai to Ijihō. Shinzansha.score: 30.0
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  24. Wang Kai (2013). Xunzi: A Paradigm of Rationalistic Virtue Ethics in Early Confucianism. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 8 (3):388-396.score: 30.0
  25. Hiroaki Miyata, Hisateru Tachimori, Miyako Takahashi, Tami Saito & Ichiro Kai (2004). Disclosure of Cancer Diagnosis and Prognosis: A Survey of the General Public's Attitudes Toward Doctors and Family Holding Discretionary Powers. BMC Medical Ethics 5 (1):7.score: 30.0
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  26. Daniel J. Schad, Antje Nuthmann & Ralf Engbert (2012). Your Mind Wanders Weakly, Your Mind Wanders Deeply: Objective Measures Reveal Mindless Reading at Different Levels. Cognition 125 (2):179-194.score: 30.0
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  27. Kai Nielsen (2007). Metaphilosophy, Pragmatism and a Kind of Critical Theory: Kai Nielsen and Richard Rorty. Philosophical Papers 36 (1):119-150.score: 15.0
    Metaphilosophy is itself philosophy about philosophy. It is not something before or independent of philosophy. Both Kai Nielsen and Richard Rorty are deeply concerned (someone might say obsessively preoccupied) with metaphilosophy. They both are thoroughly historicist and contextualist resolutely rejecting any form of a transcendental or metaphysical turn. They argue against claims to absolute validity (as well as against absolutism in any form) and a natural order of reasons: some 'Reason' to which any rational agent must be committed. They both (...)
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  28. Kai-Yee Wong, Reply to Kai-Yee Wong and Chris Fraser.score: 15.0
    I thought the paper by Kai-yee Wong and Chris Fraser was fascinating and insightful. Two things I especially appreciated are the clarity with which they summarize my views. I think they are quite fair and accurate. Second, I appreciate their suggestion that the way to deal with the practical problem of weakness of will has much to do with the role of the Background in shaping our actions. I think they are especially on the right track when they say that (...)
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  29. Elizabeth Li (2012). Wang, Kai 王楷, Naturalistic Human Nature and Cultivation of the Self: The Spirit of Xunzi's Virtue Philosophy 天然與修為—荀子道德哲學的精神. Beijing 北京: Peking University Press, 2011, 206 Pages. [REVIEW] Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 11 (1):115-118.score: 12.0
    Wang, Kai 王楷, Naturalistic Human Nature and Cultivation of the Self: The Spirit of Xunzi’s Virtue Philosophy 天然與修為—荀子道德哲學的精神. Beijing 北京: Peking University Press, 2011, 206 pages Content Type Journal Article Pages 115-118 DOI 10.1007/s11712-011-9252-z Authors Elizabeth Woo Li, Department of Philosophy, Peking University, Beijing, China Journal Dao Online ISSN 1569-7274 Print ISSN 1540-3009 Journal Volume Volume 11 Journal Issue Volume 11, Number 1.
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  30. Hendrik Hart (1987). Kai Nielsen's Philosophy & Atheism. Philosophy and Theology 1 (4):334-346.score: 12.0
    Kai Nielsen’s recent book Philosophy and Atheism is discussed here. The main point is that Nielsen’s arguments against Christianity can be turned against his own rationalist atheism with similar results, namely that the position seems incoherent from its own point of view. Christianity is unempirical and irrational by certain arguments, but the position assumed underneath those arguments does not survive treatment by those same arguments. Nielsen’s dependence on arguments that undermine the position assumed in these arguments should make him open (...)
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  31. Kai Nielsen (1986). La longue marche à travers les institutions : de Wittgenstein à Marx : Allocution présidentielle de M. Kai Nielsen, 28e Congrès de l'A.C.P., juin 1984. [REVIEW] Philosophiques 13 (1):113-129.score: 12.0
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  32. Timothy G. Barnes (2011). Homeric "Androteta Kai Hében". Journal of Hellenic Studies 131:1-13.score: 12.0
    This paper points out some of the weaknesses of the traditional account of the Homeric phrase androteta kai hében and suggests instead that the entire phrase is a relatively recent creation of the tradition on the model of an *an(b)roteta kai hében. This phrase in turn has a clear Avestan cognate hauruuatata ameretata.
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  33. Kai Nielsen, Rodger Beehler, David Copp & Béla Szabados (eds.) (1992). On the Track of Reason: Essays in Honor of Kai Nielsen. Westview Press.score: 12.0
     
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  34. David Rondel & Alex Sager (2012). Kai Nielsen’s Political Philosophy: A Critical Introduction and Overview. In David Rondel & Alex Sager (eds.), Pessimism of the Intellect, Optimism of the Will: The Political Philosophy of Kai Nielsen. University of Calgary Press.score: 12.0
  35. Kai von Fintel (2012). Kai von Fintel. In Gillian Russell Delia Graff Fara (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Language. Routledge.score: 12.0
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  36. Gunnar Björnsson & Alexander Almér (2011). The Pragmatics of Insensitive Assessments: Understanding The Relativity of Assessments of Judgments of Personal Taste, Epistemic Modals, and More. In Barbara H. Partee, Michael Glanzberg & Jurģis Šķilters (eds.), The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication.score: 9.0
    In assessing the veridicality of utterances, we normally seem to assess the satisfaction of conditions that the speaker had been concerned to get right in making the utterance. However, the debate about assessor-relativism about epistemic modals, predicates of taste, gradable adjectives and conditionals has been largely driven by cases in which seemingly felicitous assessments of utterances are insensitive to aspects of the context of utterance that were highly relevant to the speaker’s choice of words. In this paper, we offer an (...)
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  37. Catherine Z. Elgin (2010). Review of Henk W. De Regt, Sabina Leonelli, Kai Eigner (Eds.), Scientific Understanding: Philosophical Perspectives. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (1).score: 9.0
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  38. Gazziero Leone (2010). &Quot;kai Hoti Esti Tis Tritos Anthrôpos" (Aristotelis Sophistici Elenchi 22 178b 36 - 179a 10). Rhizai 7 (2):181-220.score: 9.0
    Few arguments from the past have stirred up as much interest as Aristotle’s “Third man” and not so many texts have received as much attention as its account in chapter 22 of the Sophistici elenchi. And yet, several issues about both remain highly controversial, starting from the very nature of the argument at stake and the exact signification of some of its features. We provide a close commentary of the text, dealing with its main difficulties and suggesting an overall interpretation (...)
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  39. Richard Amesbury (2007). Kai Nielsen and D.Z. Phillips, Wittgensteinian Fideism? SCM Press, London, 2005, 383 Pages. Pb £35. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 61 (1):51-55.score: 9.0
  40. A. Harvevany (2007). Wittgensteinian Fideism? – By Kai Nielsen and D. Z. Phillips. Philosophical Investigations 30 (3):319–323.score: 9.0
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  41. Anastasia-Erasmia Peponi (2011). (L.) Athanassaki Aeideto Pan Temenos: Hoi Chorikes Parastaseis Kai to Koino Tous Stēn Archaïkē Kai Prōimē Klasikē Periodo. Herakleio: Crete University Press, 2009. Pp. 385, Illus. €22. 9789605242923. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 131:178-.score: 9.0
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  42. Aušrinė Pasvenskienė & Julija Kiršienė (2009). Atskiro Turto Režimas Vedybų Sutartyje: Ar Galioja Sutartis, Kai Akivaizdu, Jog Vieno Iš Sutuoktinių Turtinė Padėtis Pagal Sutartį Bus Geresnė? Jurisprudence 4 (118):167-198.score: 9.0
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  43. Tyron Goldschmidt (2012). The Rainbow of Experiences, Critical Trust and God: A Defense of Holistic Empiricism. By Kai-Man Kwan. [REVIEW] Faith and Philosophy 29 (4):472-478.score: 9.0
  44. Jeremy R. Bell (2011). Empeiria Kai Tribē. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (2):379-394.score: 9.0
    In this essay I trace the terms empeiria and tribē throughout the Platonic corpus in order to expose their central position within Plato’s critique of the sophists and rhetoricians. I find that these two terms—both of which indicate a knack or habitude that has been developed through experiential familiarity with certain causal tendencies—are regularly deployed in order to account for the effectiveness of these speakers even in the absence of a technē; for, what Plato identifies with these terms is the (...)
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  45. E. Craik (1996). G.W. Most, H. Petersmann, A.M. Ritter (Edd.): Philanthropia Kai Eusebeia. Festschrift Fur Albrecht Dihle Zum 70. Geburtstag. Gottingen: Vandenhoech and Ruprecht, 1993. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 46 (1):192-193.score: 9.0
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  46. Timothy Crutcher (2009). Wittgensteinian Fideism? By Kai Nielsen and D. Z. Phillips. Heythrop Journal 50 (3):548-550.score: 9.0
  47. Andrew Erskine (1991). Appian's Syriaca Kai Brodersen: Appians Abriss der Seleukidengeschichte (Syriake 45, 232–70, 369). Text und Kommentar. (Münchener Universitäts-schriften, Münchener Arbeiten zur alten Geschichte, 1.) Pp. 256; 1 table, 1 map, 1 illustration. Munich: Editio Maris, 1989. Paper, DM 49. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 41 (02):319-320.score: 9.0
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  48. John van Ingen (1990). Book Review:Why Be Moral? Kai Nielsen. [REVIEW] Ethics 100 (3):670-.score: 9.0
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  49. P. J. Rhodes (2006). Arnaoutoglou (I.N.) Thusias Heneka Kai Sunousias. Private Religious Associations in Hellenistic Athens. (Yearbook of the Research Centre for the History of Greek Law, Volume 37, Supplement 4.) Pp. 231. Athens: Academy of Athens, 2003. Paper. ISBN: 960-404-034-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 56 (02):412-.score: 9.0
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  50. Paul Groarke (2000). Rethinking Nationalism Jocelyne Couture, Kai Nielsen, and Michel Seymour, Editors Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Vol. 22 Calgary, AB: University of Calgary Press, 1998, Viii + 701 Pp., $30.00 Paper. [REVIEW] Dialogue 39 (02):407-.score: 9.0
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