Florian J. Boge
Bergische Universität Wuppertal
Computer simulations are involved in numerous branches of modern science, and science would not be the same without them. Yet the question of how they can explain real-world processes remains an issue of considerable debate. In this context, a range of authors have highlighted the inferences back to the world that computer simulations allow us to draw. I will first characterize the precise relation between computer and target of a simulation that allows us to draw such inferences. I then argue that in a range of scientifically interesting cases they are particular abductions and defend this claim by appeal to two case studies.
Keywords Epistemology of simulation  Analogy  Abduction  Explanation
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DOI 10.1016/j.shpsa.2019.12.003
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Models and Fiction.Roman Frigg - 2010 - Synthese 172 (2):251-268.

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