Are we living in a computer simulation?

Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):243–255 (2003)
Abstract
This paper argues that at least one of the following propositions is true: (1) the human species is very likely to go extinct before reaching a “posthuman” stage; (2) any posthuman civilization is extremely unlikely to run a significant number of simulations of their evolutionary history (or variations thereof); (3) we are almost certainly living in a computer simulation. It follows that the belief that there is a significant chance that we will one day become posthumans who run ancestor-simulations is false, unless we are currently living in a simulation. A number of other consequences of this result are also discussed.
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DOI 10.1111/1467-9213.00309
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References found in this work BETA
Is the End of the World Nigh?John Leslie - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (158):65-72.
How Long Before Superintelligence?Nick Bostrom - 1998 - International Journal of Futures Studies 2.
How to Live in a Simulation.Robin Hanson - 2001 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 7 (1).

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Citations of this work BETA
The Crazyist Metaphysics of Mind.Eric Schwitzgebel - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (4):665-682.
The Simulation Argument Again.Anthony Brueckner - 2008 - Analysis 68 (299):224-226.
The Puzzle of Metacoherence.Michael Huemer - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 (1):1-21.
Effective Sceptical Hypotheses.Steven L. Reynolds - 2013 - Theoria 79 (3):262-278.

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