Are we living in a computer simulation?

Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):243–255 (2003)
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Abstract

This paper argues that at least one of the following propositions is true: (1) the human species is very likely to go extinct before reaching a “posthuman” stage; (2) any posthuman civilization is extremely unlikely to run a significant number of simulations of their evolutionary history (or variations thereof); (3) we are almost certainly living in a computer simulation. It follows that the belief that there is a significant chance that we will one day become posthumans who run ancestor-simulations is false, unless we are currently living in a simulation. A number of other consequences of this result are also discussed.

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Citations of this work

The Mathematical Universe.Max Tegmark - 2007 - Foundations of Physics 38 (2):101-150.
A Defense of the Rights of Artificial Intelligences.Eric Schwitzgebel & Mara Garza - 2015 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 39 (1):98-119.
The Puzzle of Metacoherence.Michael Huemer - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 (1):1-21.

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References found in this work

How long before superintelligence?Nick Bostrom - 1998 - International Journal of Futures Studies 2.
Is the end of the world nigh?John Leslie - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (158):65-72.
How to live in a simulation.Robin Hanson - 2001 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 7 (1).

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