Economics and Philosophy 29 (1):21-41 (2013)

Ian Carter
Universita' degli Studi di Pavia
The nature of basic equality (what it is that makes us all equals) can have implications not only for the question of the currency of egalitarian justice but also for that of its . The latter question is raised by G. A. Cohen in his critique of John Rawls's theory of justice. In this paper I argue that Rawlsian liberals might provide an answer to Cohen's critique by establishing two distinct kinds of basic equality, thus providing a of basic equality. A first kind of basic equality gains moral relevance in the context of respectful relations between individuals, and establishes egalitarian duties between them. A second kind of basic equality gains moral relevance in the context of respectful relations between the state and individual citizens, and establishes egalitarian duties of the state toward citizens. The strength of Cohen's critique depends, in part, on the fact that Rawls identified only one kind of basic equality while at the same time wishing to defend a dualist account of individual and state duties
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DOI 10.1017/s0266267113000060
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References found in this work BETA

Rescuing Justice and Equality.G. A. Cohen (ed.) - 2008 - Harvard University Press.
What is the Point of Equality?Elizabeth Anderson - 1999 - Ethics 109 (2):287-337.
The Problem of Global Justice.Thomas Nagel - 2005 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 33 (2):113-147.

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Citations of this work BETA

Two Concepts of Basic Equality.Nikolas Kirby - 2018 - Res Publica 24 (3):297-318.
Bureaucratic Respectful Equality.Christopher Nathan - 2016 - European Journal of Political Theory 18 (4):529-540.
Opacity Respect, Bureaucracy and Philanthropy: A Response to Nathan.Ian Carter - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory 18 (4):541-552.

View all 8 citations / Add more citations

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