Delusions and brain injury: The philosophy and psychology of belief

Mind and Language 12 (3-4):327-64 (1997)
Abstract
Circumscribed delusional beliefs can follow brain injury. We suggest that these involve anomalous perceptual experiences created by a deficit to the person's perceptual system, and misinterpretation of these experiences due to biased reasoning. We use the Capgras delusion (the claim that one or more of one's close relatives has been replaced by an exact replica or impostor) to illustrate this argument. Our account maintains that people voicing this delusion suffer an impairment that leads to faces being perceived as drained of their normal affective significance, and an additional reasoning bias that leads them to put greater weight on forming beliefs that are observationally adequate rather than beliefs that are a conservative extension of their existing stock. We show how this position can integrate issues involved in the philosophy and psychology of belief, and examine the scope for mutually beneficial interaction.
Keywords Belief  Brain  Delusion  Injury  Language  Metaphysics
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/1468-0017.00051
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 28,106
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.

View all 17 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
The Evolution of Misbelief.Ryan T. McKay & Daniel C. Dennett - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):493.
A Role for Ownership and Authorship in the Analysis of Thought Insertion.Lisa Bortolotti & Matthew Broome - 2009 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (2):205-224.
Delusional Inference.Ryan Mckay - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (3):330-355.
Capgras Delusion: A Window on Face Recognition.Hadyn D. Ellis & Michael B. Lewis - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (4):149-156.

View all 33 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Rehabilitation of Impaired Awareness.Mark Sherer - 2005 - In Walter M. Jr. High, Angelle M. Sander, Margaret A. Struchen & Karen A. Hart (eds.), Rehabilitation for Traumatic Brain Injury. Oxford University Press. pp. 31-46.
Why Some Delusions Are Necessarily Inexplicable Beliefs.Robert Klee - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (1):25-34.
Self-Awareness After Acquired and Traumatic Brain Injury.Laura J. Bach & Anthony S. David - 2006 - Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 16 (4):397-414.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2009-01-28

Total downloads

95 ( #54,272 of 2,171,776 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

6 ( #46,602 of 2,171,776 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums