Results for 'Clarence Braddock'

467 found
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  1.  30
    Quality Attestation for Clinical Ethics Consultants: A Two‐Step Model From the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities.Eric Kodish, Joseph J. Fins, Clarence Braddock, Felicia Cohn, Nancy Neveloff Dubler, Marion Danis, Arthur R. Derse, Robert A. Pearlman, Martin Smith, Anita Tarzian, Stuart Youngner & Mark G. Kuczewski - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (5):26-36.
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  2.  26
    The Crisis of Care: Affirming and Restoring Caring Practices in the Helping Professions. Susan S. Phillips and Patricia Benner, Eds. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1994. [REVIEW]Clarence H. Braddock - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (1):173.
  3.  14
    Physician Deception of Insurance Companies: Hyperbole or Cause for Concern?Clarence H. Braddock - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):W32-W34.
  4.  23
    The Uncertainty of Consciousness and Why It Is Important.Matthew Braddock - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (3):155-157.
    How should we treat patients diagnosed with disorders of consciousness, such as patients diagnosed as minimally conscious or vegetative (yet who very well may be conscious)? Fischer and Truog (2017) argue that the consciousness and equal rights of these patients are relatively unimportant when deciding how we should treat them. That is, we should deemphasize their consciousness and equal rights and instead privilege the value judgments of the family/surrogate. We disagree. Drawing upon precautionary reasoning that we develop in Braddock (...)
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  5.  13
    You Can Get Here From There.Louise Braddock - 2018 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 25 (2):89-94.
    This reply is only/largely to the first, main part of Leite's response to my paper. A reply to the second, which criticizes the use of the imagination in the account, has to be left aside for reasons of space. What more, following Wollheim, I have to say about the imagination and its relation to identification, can be found in Braddock.Originally, my paper was organized around the above title, my meaning being that, on the one hand, the paper showed how (...)
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  6.  25
    The Academic Face of Psychoanalysis: Papers in Philosophy, the Humanities, and the British Clinical Tradition.Louise Braddock & Michael Lacewing (eds.) - 2007 - Routledge.
    Ever since Freud, psychoanalysts have explored the connections between psychoanalysis and literature and psychoanalysis and philosophy, while literary criticism, social science and philosophy have all reflected on and made use of ideas from psychoanalytic theory. The Academic Face of Psychoanalysis presents contributions from these fields and gives the reader an insight into different understandings and applications of psychoanalytic theory. This book comprises twelve contributions from experts in their fields covering philosophy, psychoanalysis, sociology and literary theory. The chapters are divided into (...)
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  7. Debunking Arguments and the Cognitive Science of Religion.Matthew Braddock - 2016 - Theology and Science 14 (3):268-287.
    Do the cognitive origins of our theistic beliefs debunk them or explain them away? This paper develops an empirically-motivated debunking argument and defends it against objections. First, we introduce the empirical and epistemological background. Second, we develop and defend the main argument, the debunking argument from false god beliefs. Third, we characterize and evaluate the most prominent religious debunking argument to date, the debunking argument from insensitivity. It is found that insensitivity-based arguments are problematic, which makes them less promising than (...)
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  8.  79
    Should We Treat Vegetative and Minimally Conscious Patients as Persons?Matthew Braddock - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (2):267-280.
    How should we treat patients diagnosed as being in a persistent vegetative state (PVS) or minimally conscious state (MCS)? More specifically, should we treat them as having the full moral status of persons? Yes, or so we argue. First, we introduce the medical conditions of PVS, MCS, and the related conditions of Locked-in Syndrome and covert awareness. Second, we characterize the main argument for thinking diagnosed PVS patients are not persons. Third, we contend that this argument is defeated by mounting (...)
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  9. Evolutionary Debunking: Can Moral Realists Explain the Reliability of Our Moral Judgments?Matthew Braddock - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (6):844-857.
    Evolutionary debunking arguments, notably Sharon Street’s Darwinian Dilemma (2006), allege that moral realists need to explain the reliability of our moral judgments, given their evolutionary sources. David Copp (2008) and David Enoch (2010) take up the challenge. I argue on empirical grounds that realists have not met the challenge and moreover cannot do so. The outcome is that there are empirically-motivated reasons for thinking moral realists cannot explain moral reliability, given our current empirical understanding.
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  10. Debunking Arguments From Insensitivity.Matthew Braddock - 2017 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 7 (2):91-113.
    Heightened awareness of the origins of our moral judgments pushes many in the direction of moral skepticism, in the direction of thinking we are unjustified in holding our moral judgments on a realist understanding of the moral truths. A classic debunking argument fleshes out this worry: the best explanation of our moral judgments does not appeal to their truth, so we are unjustified in holding our moral judgments. But it is unclear how to get from the explanatory premise to the (...)
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  11.  17
    Actual Intentionalism, Interpretation, And Ethical Criticism.Matthew Braddock - 2006 - Postgraduate Journal of Aesthetics 3 (2):76-84.
    want to advance a version of the doctrine of actual intentionalism (AI). Rather than follow the trend and develop yet another response that tries to neutralize the criticisms thrown at AI from anti-intentionalist and hypothetical intentionalist corners, I will set these aside and try to make a positive case. There are many forms of actual intentionalism, but the particular one I want to advance contends that an author’s actual intentions are relevant in some cases to the correct interpretation of his (...)
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  12. Defusing the Demandingness Objection: Unreliable Intuitions.Matthew Braddock - 2013 - Journal of Social Philosophy 44 (2):169-191.
    Dogged resistance to demanding moral views frequently takes the form of The Demandingness Objection. Premise (1): Moral view V demands too much of us. Premise (2): If a moral view demands too much of us, then it is mistaken. Conclusion: Therefore, moral view V is mistaken. Objections of this form harass major theories in normative ethics as well as prominent moral views in applied ethics and political philosophy. The present paper does the following: (i) it clarifies and distinguishes between various (...)
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  13. Constructivist Experimental Philosophy on Well-Being and Virtue.Matthew Braddock - 2010 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 48 (3):295-323.
    What is the nature of human well-being? This paper joins the ancient debate by rejuvenating an ancient claim that is quite unfashionable among moral philosophers today, namely, the Aristotelian claim that moral virtue is (non-instrumentally) necessary for human well-being. Call it the Aristotelian Virtue Condition (AVC). This view can be revived for contemporary debate by a state-of-the-art approach that we might call constructivist experimental philosophy, which takes as its goal the achievement of a reasonable constructivist account of well-being and takes (...)
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  14.  53
    An Evidential Argument for Theism From the Cognitive Science of Religion.Matthew Braddock - 2018 - In Hans Van Eyghen, Rik Peels & Gijsbert van den Brink (eds.), New Developments in the Cognitive Science of Religion: The Rationality of Religious Belief. Springer. pp. 171-198.
    What are the epistemological implications of the cognitive science of religion (CSR)? The lion’s share of discussion fixates on whether CSR undermines (or debunks or explains away) theistic belief. But could the field offer positive support for theism? If so, how? That is our question. Our answer takes the form of an evidential argument for theism from standard models and research in the field. According to CSR, we are naturally disposed to believe in supernatural agents and these beliefs are constrained (...)
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  15.  47
    Beyond Reflection in Naturalized Phenomenology.Glenn Braddock - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (11):3-16.
    In this paper, I defend a pluralistic view of phenomenological method which will provide evidence for particular accounts of experience without relying exclusively on the reflective method or on intuition as a criterion for truth. To this end, I discuss the prospects for indirect phenomenology. I argue that phenomenology ought to be defined by its object of investigation, first-person experience, and not by any particular method of gaining access to this object of investigation. On this view, an integration of naturalized (...)
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  16. A Critique of Simone de Beauvoir’s Existential Ethics.Matthew Braddock - 2007 - Philosophy Today 51 (3):303-311.
  17.  35
    Vittorio Hösle and Christian Illies , Darwinism and Philosophy. Notre Dame, IN: Notre Dame Press , 400 Pp., $35.00.Matthew Braddock - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (4):547-549.
  18. Evolutionary Psychology’s Moral Implications.Matthew C. Braddock - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (4):531-540.
    In this paper, I critically summarize John Cartwrtight’s Evolution and Human Behavior and evaluate what he says about certain moral implications of Darwinian views of human behavior. He takes a Darwinism-doesn’t-rock-the-boat approach and argues that Darwinism, even if it is allied with evolutionary psychology, does not give us reason to be worried about the alterability of our behavior, nor does it give us reason to think that we may have to change our ordinary practices and views concerning free-will and moral (...)
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  19.  58
    Character, Psychoanalytic Identification, and Numerical Identity.Louise Braddock - 2012 - Ratio 25 (1):1-18.
    Identification figures prominently in moral psychological explanations. I argue that in identification the subject has an ‘identity-thought’, which is a thought about her numerical identity with the figure she identifies with. In Freud's psychoanalytic psychology character is founded on unconscious identification with parental figures. Moral philosophers have drawn on psychoanalysis to explain how undesirable or disadvantageous character dispositions are resistant to insight through being unconscious. According to Richard Wollheim's analysis of Freud's theory, identification is the subject's disposition to imagine, unconsciously, (...)
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  20. Epicureanism, Death, and the Good Life.Glenn Braddock - 2000 - Philosophical Inquiry 22 (1-2):47-66.
  21.  64
    Psychological Identification, Imagination and Psychoanalysis.Louise Braddock - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (5):639 - 657.
    Identification as a psychological concept is widely used in psychology and in social science. This use relies on an ordinary understanding of what identification is, and this understanding has itself been influenced by psychoanalysis. The concept is, however, in need of philosophical exploration. Central to its use is the idea of character, its nature and its development, which like identification itself is under-theorized. I use Richard Wollheim's philosophical analysis of identification in terms of the imagination, to trace a path from (...)
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  22. The Utility of Pain.Catharine C. Braddock - 1920 - International Journal of Ethics 30 (2):213-219.
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  23. Reconstruction in Moral Philosophy?Matthew Braddock & Alexander Rosenberg - 2012 - Analyse & Kritik 34 (1):63-80.
    We raise three issues for Philip Kitcher's "Ethical Project" (2011): First, we argue that the genealogy of morals starts well before the advent of altruism-failures and the need to remedy them, which Kitcher dates at about 50K years ago. Second, we challenge the likelihood of long term moral progress of the sort Kitcher requires to establish objectivity while circumventing Hume's challenge to avoid trying to derive normative conclusions from positive ones--'ought' from 'is'. Third, we sketch ways in which Kitcher's metaethical (...)
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  24.  55
    The Examined Life?Glenn Braddock - 2009 - Think 8 (22):41-46.
    An introductory course in philosophy begins with Plato's Apology . Here Socrates famously states that ‘the unexamined life is not worth living for man’. The professor lingers on the idea. In this first week of the course they have already struck upon a justification for all of the torturous analyzing, arguing, and thought-experimenting that will follow in the next few months. Without these vehicles of ‘examination’, our lives are not worth living! The students may have experienced enthusiastic defenses of the (...)
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  25.  3
    AI Case Studies: Potential for Human Health, Space Exploration and Colonisation and a Proposed Superimposition of the Kubler-Ross Change Curve on the Hype Cycle.Martin Braddock & Matthew Williams - 2019 - Studia Humana 8 (1):3-18.
    The development and deployment of artificial intelligence is and will profoundly reshape human society, the culture and the composition of civilisations which make up human kind. All technological triggers tend to drive a hype curve which over time is realised by an output which is often unexpected, taking both pessimistic and optimistic perspectives and actions of drivers, contributors and enablers on a journey where the ultimate destination may be unclear. In this paper we hypothesise that this journey is not dissimilar (...)
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  26. Eliminativism and Indeterminate Consciousness.Glenn Braddock - 2002 - Philosophical Psychology 15 (1):37-54.
    One of Daniel Dennett's most sophisticated arguments for his eliminativism about phenomenological properties centers around the color phi phenomenon. He attempts to show that there is no phenomenological fact of the matter concerning the phenomenon of apparent motion because it is impossible to decide between two competing explanations. I argue that the two explanations considered by Dennett are both based on the assumption that a realist account of the phenomenon must include a neat mapping between phenomenological time and objective time. (...)
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  27.  22
    Psychoanalysis as Functionalist Social Science: The Legacy of Freud's 'Project for a Scientific Psychology'.L. E. Braddock - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 37 (3):394-413.
    The paper links Freud’s early work in the ‘Project for a scientific psychology’ with the psychoanalytic psychology of Kleinian object relations theory now current. Freud is often accused of introducing mechanism into his psychology and installing at its core an irreconcilable dichotomy of two disparate ways of explaining human behaviour. I suggest that Freud’s early mechanistic thinking is an attempt at what he only partly achieves, a functional account of the ‘mental apparatus’. I consider whether this way of conceptualising the (...)
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  28.  7
    Understanding Projective Identification.Louise Braddock - 2018 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 25 (2):65-79.
    How exactly does a patient succeed in imposing a phantasy and its corresponding affect upon his analyst in order to deny it in himself is a most interesting problem… In the analytic situation, a peculiarity of communication[s] of this kind is that, at first sight, they do not seem as if they had been made by the patient at all. The analyst experiences the affect as being his own response to something. The effort involved is in differentiating the patient's contribution (...)
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  29.  55
    Call in the Shrinks.Louise Braddock - 2004 - The Philosophers' Magazine 25 (25):18-19.
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  30.  72
    The First-Person Approach and the Nature of Consciousness. Charles Siewert, the Significance of Consciousness.Glenn Braddock - 2003 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (2):149-158.
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  31.  30
    Sartre on Atheism, Freedom, and Morality in The Humanism of Existentialism.Glenn Braddock - 2006 - In Christine Daigle (ed.), Existentialist Thinkers and Ethics. Mcgill/Queen's University Press. pp. 91.
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  32.  28
    From Rhetoric to Practice: A Critique of Immigration Policy in Germany Through the Lens of Turkish-Muslim Women's Experiences of Migration.Sherran Clarence - 2009 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 56 (121):57-91.
    The largest group of migrants in Germany is the Turkish people, many of whom have low skills levels, are Muslim, and are slow to integrate themselves into their host communities. German immigration policy has been significantly revised since the early 1990s, and a new Immigration Act came into force in 2005, containing more inclusive stances on citizenship and integration of migrants. There is a strong rhetoric of acceptance and open doors, within certain parameters, but the gap between the rhetoric and (...)
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  33.  11
    The Stoic Attitude.C. C. Braddock - 1923 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 1 (1):67-69.
  34.  8
    The Utility of Pain.Catharine C. Braddock - 1919 - Ethics 30 (2):213.
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  35.  7
    The Utility of Pain.Catharine C. Braddock - 1920 - International Journal of Ethics 30 (2):213-219.
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  36.  5
    Call in the Shrinks.Louise Braddock - 2004 - The Philosophers' Magazine 25:18-19.
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  37.  15
    The Stoic Attitude.C. C. Braddock - 1923 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):67 – 69.
  38.  5
    Stephen Gaukroger. Descartes: An Intellectual Biography. Oxford University Press, 1995.(Xx+ 499pp)£ 25.00. [REVIEW]Louise Braddock - 1997 - Philosophical Investigations 20 (2).
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  39.  4
    Psychoanalysis as Functionalist Social Science: The Legacy of Freud’s ‘Project for a Scientific Psychology’.L. E. Braddock - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (3):394-413.
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  40. Against Chalmers' Epiphenomenalism.Glenn Braddock - 2000 - Auslegung 24 (1):45-63.
     
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  41. Explaining Consciousness: Naturalizing the Phenomenological.Glenn Braddock - 2001 - Dissertation, State University of New York at Albany
    In this dissertation I defend the view that phenomenology has an important role to play in the naturalistic sciences of the mind. Phenomenological properties are real, causally efficacious features of the mind, but these properties are not always immediately discernible by common sense. Thus we require phenomenology to reveal these properties, the knowledge of which will contribute to our understanding of our mental lives. ;Contemporary, naturalistic theorists tend to either hope for a reductive or an eliminative account of consciousness or, (...)
     
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  42. Chapter VII. Space Electricity 505.J. F. Clark, N. D. Clarence, H. Norinder, T. Obayashi, K. Maeda, R. C. Sagalyn & G. L. Gdalevich - 1965 - In Karl W. Linsenmann (ed.), Proceedings. St. Louis, Lutheran Academy for Scholarship.
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  43.  17
    Place, Practice and Primatology: Clarence Ray Carpenter, Primate Communication and the Development of Field Methodology, 1931–1945. [REVIEW]Georgina M. Montgomery - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (3):495 - 533.
    Place, practice and status have played significant and interacting roles in the complex history of primatology during the early to mid-twentieth century. This paper demonstrates that, within the emerging discipline of primatology, the field was understood as an essential supplement to laboratory work. Founders argued that only in the field could primates be studied in interaction with their natural social group and environment. Such field studies of primate behavior required the development of existing and new field techniques. The practices and (...)
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  44.  23
    Clarence I. Lewis, Il pensiero e l'ordine del mondo, a cura di Sergio Cremaschi.Clarence Irving Lewis & Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 1977 - Torino, Italy: Rosenberg & Sellier.
    The editor's introduction discusses Clarence I. Lewis's conceptual pragmatism when compared with post-empiricist epistemology and argues that several Cartesian assumptions play a major role in the work, not unlike those of Logical Positivism. The suggestion is made that the Cartesian legacy still hidden in Logical Positivism turns out to be a rather heavy ballast for Lewis’s project of restructuring epistemology in a pragmatist key. More in detail, the sore point is the nature of inter-subjectivity. For Lewis, no less than (...)
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  45.  11
    Place, Practice and Primatology: Clarence Ray Carpenter, Primate Communication and the Development of Field Methodology, 1931–1945.Georgina M. Montgomery - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (3):495-533.
    Place, practice and status have played significant and interacting roles in the complex history of primatology during the early to mid-twentieth century. This paper demonstrates that, within the emerging discipline of primatology, the field was understood as an essential supplement to laboratory work. Founders argued that only in the field could primates be studied in interaction with their natural social group and environment. Such field studies of primate behavior required the development of existing and new field techniques. The practices and (...)
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  46.  27
    Collected Papers of Clarence Irving Lewis.D. W. Hamlyn, Clarence Irving Lewis, John D. Goheen & John L. Mothershead - 1972 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (86):68.
  47. The Plea of Clarence Darrow, in Defense of Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold, Jr.Clarence Darrow - 1989 - In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Philosophical Explorations: Freedom, God, and Goodness. Prometheus Books.
     
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  48.  54
    Student Rights, Clarence Thomas, and the Revolutionary Vision of Education.Bryan R. Warnick, Bradley Rowe & Sang Hyun Kim - 2009 - Educational Theory 59 (2):145-165.
    In his concurring opinion to the 2007 U.S. Supreme Court decision, Morse v. Frederick, Justice Clarence Thomas argues that the Tinker decision, which granted students constitutional rights in public schools, should be overturned on originalist grounds. In this essay, Bryan Warnick, Bradley Rowe, and Sang Hyun Kim make the case that Thomas’s originalist analysis is inconclusive. Instead of looking at court decisions relating to public education starting in the middle of the nineteenth century to establish original meaning, as Thomas (...)
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  49.  41
    Understanding the Real "Character Issue:" A Review of the Latest Work of Clarence WaltonThe Moral ManagerCorporate Encounters: Ethics, Law and the Business Environment. [REVIEW]Robert Allan Cooke & Clarence Walton - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (3):307.
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  50.  28
    Sex, Lies, and the Public Sphere: Some Reflections on the Confirmation of Clarence Thomas.Nancy Fraser - 1992 - Critical Inquiry 18 (3):595-612.
    The recent struggle over the confirmation of Clarence Thomas and the credibility of Anita Hill raises in a dramatic and pointed way many of the issues at stake in theorizing the public sphere in contemporary society. At one level, the Senate Judiciary Committee hearings on Hill’s claim that Thomas sexually harassed her constituted an exercise in democratic publicity as it has been understood in the classical liberal theory of the public sphere. The hearings opened to public scrutiny a function (...)
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