Results for 'Howard G. Callaway'

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H. G. Callaway
Temple University
  1. Semantic Competence and Truth-Conditional Semantics.Howard G. Callaway - 1988 - Erkenntnis 28 (1):3 - 27.
    Davidson approaches the notions of meaning and interpretation with the aim of characterizing semantic competence in the syntactically characterized natural language. The objective is to provide a truth-theory for a language, generating T-sentences expressed in the semantic metalanguage, so that each sentence of the object language receives an appropriate interpretation. Proceeding within the constraints of referential semantics, I will argue for the viability of reconstructing the notion of linguistic meaning within the Tarskian theory of reference. However, the view proposed here (...)
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  2.  97
    Memories and Portraits: Explorations in American Thought By Howard G. Callaway.Richard A. S. Hall - 2011 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 47 (4):534.
    The modus operandi of this book is contextual—throughout he demonstrates how ideas emerge from or are inspired by particular environments. And the need to put philosophical ideas in their larger historical and cultural context so as to fully understand them is, as will be illustrated below, a facet of his philosophical method. Another of its facets is fallibilism, a deep commitment to subjecting all theories and concepts (in any field) to incessant scrutiny, testing, correction, and clarification. This suggests that a (...)
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  3.  14
    Review of H.G. Callaway Ed. Society and Solitude, Twelve Chapters. [REVIEW]Richard Hall - 2009 - The Pluralist 4 (1):118-123.
    Howard Callaway’s new edition of Ralph Waldo Emerson’s Society and Solitude is an invaluable contribution to both the primary and secondary literature on Emerson. Its contribution to the primary sources is its use of the original 1870 edition of Emerson’s text, though with modernized spellings to facilitate the reader’s understanding. Its contribution to the secondary literature consists in the scholarly apparatus of page-by-page annotations, an introduction, a chronology, a bibliography, and an index. Callaway’s Society and Solitude is (...)
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  4.  77
    American Ethics: A Source Book From Edwards to Dewey.Guy W. Stroh & Howard G. Callaway (eds.) - 2000 - University Press of America.
    This book collects some 75 texts from the history of American thought, starting with the colonial religious background, and arranged into 6 historically oriented chapers. Each chapter has a general introduction and ends with suggestions for further readings; and each of the texts is prefaced by a short explanatory paragraph. Overall, the book provides an historical introduction to central ethical themes of American thought.
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  5. Review of H.G. Callaway (Ed) R.W. Emerson, Society and Solitude: Twelve Chapters. [REVIEW]Richard A. S. Hall - 2009 - The Pluralist 4 (1):118-123.
    Howard Callaway's new edition of Ralph Waldo Emerson's Society and Solitude is an invaluable contribution to both the primary and secondary literature on Emerson. Its contribution to the primary sources is its use of the original 1870 edition of Emerson's text, though with modernized spellings to facilitate the reader's understanding. Its contribution to the secondary literature consists in the scholarly apparatus of page-by-page annotations, an introduction, a chronology, a bibliography, and an index. Callaway's Society and Solitude is (...)
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  6.  45
    Review of Howard B. Radest, Felix Adler: An Ethical Culture. [REVIEW]H. G. Callaway - 1998 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 34 (4):1029-1036.
    This is my review of Howard B. Radest's book on Felix Adler and Ethical Culture. The book involves interesting comparisons of Adler to Emerson and to the pragmatists, and Radest is well qualified to tell the history of Adler's work and its influence.
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  7. Context for Meaning and Analysis: A Critical Study in the Philosophy of Language.H. G. Callaway - 1993 - Rodopi.
    This book provides a concise overview, with excellent historical and systematic coverage, of the problems of the philosophy of language in the analytic tradition. Howard Callaway explains and explores the relation of language to the philosophy of mind and culture, to the theory of knowledge, and to ontology. He places the question of linguistic meaning at the center of his investigations. The teachings of authors who have become classics in the field, including Frege, Russell, Carnap, Quine, Davidson, and (...)
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  8.  20
    Differential Sensitivity in Gustation.Howard G. Schutz & Francis J. Pilgrim - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (1):41.
  9.  90
    H.G. Callaway, Context for Meaning and Analysis: A Critical Study in the Philosophy of Language. [REVIEW]Michael Wreen - 1997 - Erkenntnis 46 (3):401-405.
    Context is mainly a critical history of one of the central strands – arguably, the central strand – of the analytic tradition in philosophy, namely, the philosophy of language. Key figures that put in an appearance include Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Carnap, Ayer, Hempel, Tarski, Quine, Davidson, Putnam, and Dewey, the last being a somewhat odd figure, given the general tenor of Callaway’s cavalcade of stars. Meaning and analysis are the focus of attention, and true to his title, Callaway (...)
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  10.  8
    H. G. Callaway, Editor: Ralph Waldo Emerson, The Conduct Of Life: A Philosophical Reading; Ralph Waldo Emerson, Society And Solitude: Twelve Chapters. A New Study Edition, With Notes, Philosophical Commentary And Historical Contextualization; And William James, A Pluralistic Universe: Hibbert Lectures At Manchester College On The Present Situation In Philosophy. A New Philosophical Reading. [REVIEW]Sami Pihlström - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (3):444-449.
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  11.  1
    Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge.Howard G. Taylor - 2002 - Philosophia Christi 4 (1):246-253.
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  12.  36
    Review, H.G. Callaway (Ed.) William James, A Pluralistic Universe, A New Philosophical Reading. [REVIEW]Richard H. King - 2011 - Journal of American Studies 45 (3):623-625.
    A Pluralistic Universe is America's favourite philosopher's last complete work before he died in 1910. Nevertheless, it has been somewhat neglected as a final self-reckoning. Indeed the term "pragmatism" occurs pretty rarely in it, while "experience" and "pluralism" abound. As introduced and annotated by H.G. Callaway, the Cambridge Scholars edition offers some valuable background on James and the text itself, particularly for the nonspecialist reader. Besides retaining James's notes, Callaway has also provided his own glosses on important philosophical (...)
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  13. W.V. Quine, Immanuel Kant Lectures, translated and introduced by H.G. Callaway.H. G. Callaway & W. V. Quine (eds.) - 2003 - Frommann-Holzboog.
    This book is a translation of W.V. Quine's Kant Lectures, given as a series at Stanford University in 1980. It provide a short and useful summary of Quine's philosophy. There are four lectures altogether: I. Prolegomena: Mind and its Place in Nature; II. Endolegomena: From Ostension to Quantification; III. Endolegomena loipa: The forked animal; and IV. Epilegomena: What's It all About? The Kant Lectures have been published to date only in Italian and German translation. The present book is filled out (...)
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  14.  61
    W.V. Quine\h.G. Callaway, Wissenschaft Und Empfindung, Die Immanuel Kant Lectures. [REVIEW]Paul Gochet - 2005 - Dialectica 59 (3):375-378.
    Quine's Immanuel Kant lectures were delivered in English at Stanford University in 1980 under the title Science and Sensibilia. The English version of the text has never been published. An Italian translation by Michele Leonelli, La Scienza e I Dati di Senso appeared in 1987. These translations fill an important gap. Wissenschaft und Empfindung strikes me as the best presentation of Quine's physicalistic program.
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  15. Review of H.G. Callaway Ed, William James, A Pluralistic Universe, A New Philosophical Reading. [REVIEW]Richard A. S. Hall - 2009 - The Pluralist 4 (3).
    In 1907 William James was invited to give the Hibbert Lectures at Manchester College, Oxford. Initially he was reluctant to do so since he feared undertaking them would divert him from developing rigorously and systematically some metaphysical ideas of his own that had preoccupied him for some time. In the end, however, he relented and in the spring of 1908 gave the lectures which were subsequently published as A Pluralistic Universe. As it happened, though, in the course of these lectures (...)
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  16. Review of H.G. Callaway (Ed) R.W. Emerson, The Conduct of Life: A Philosophical Reading. [REVIEW]Jaime Nubiola - 2006 - Anuario Filosófico 39 (87):817-818.
    We find before us an excellent edition of the book which the influential American thinker Ralph Waldo Emerson (1802-82) published in December of 1860, four months before the outbreak of the American Civil War. The central question which Emerson poses in this volume concerns the conduct of life, that is, of how to live. The titles of the nine essays, which compose the book, illustrate the themes tackled: “Fate,” “Power,” “Wealth”, “Culture,” “Behavior,” “Worship”, “Considerations by the Way,” “Beauty” and “Illusions.” (...)
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  17.  16
    Howard G. Schneiderman, Engagement and Disengagement: Class, Authority, Politics, and Intellectuals, New York, Routledge, 2018. [REVIEW]Sanja Petkovska - 2019 - Filozofija I Društvo 30 (1):171-174.
    Howard G. Schneiderman, Engagement and Disengagement: Class, Authority, Politics, and Intellectuals, New York, Routledge, 2018. Sanja Petkovska.
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  18.  49
    Review: H.G. Callaway (Ed.) R.W. Emerson, The Conduct of Life, A Philosophical Reading. [REVIEW]David O’Hara - 2009 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 37 (108):28-30.
    In the last few years H.G. Callaway has produced several helpful editions of some important texts by Emerson. Emerson's Conduct of Life was originally published in 1860, and it has appeared in a number of editions since then, but Callaway's edition has several noteworthy features that cause it to stand out from the crowd and make it an important contribution to Emerson studies. This is a rare volume that will serve students, academic philosophers, and causal readers alike: a (...)
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  19.  85
    Review of H.G. Callaway (Ed), William James, A Pluralistic Universe. [REVIEW]Jaime Nubiola - 2009 - Anuario Filosófico 42 (94):222-223.
    As suggested in the subtitle, A New Philosophical Reading, the editor aspires in his Introduction and his notes to “facilitate a deeper understanding and a critical evaluation (...) of this crucial and difficult philosophical work” (p. ix). This was the last important book which James published during his lifetime. With it James aims at a critical evaluation of Hegelian monism and an exploration of the philosophical and theological alternatives. “Our world of some one hundred years on”—the editor says (p. ix)—“is (...)
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  20.  26
    Review: H.G. Callaway (Ed.) James, A Pluralistic Universe by William James. [REVIEW]Phil Oliver - 2009 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 37 (108):40-42.
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  21.  4
    Alexander Pechenkin. The History of Research on Chemical Periodic Processes. Xiv + 93 Pp., Figs., Bibl. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2018. €28 . ISBN 9783319951072. [REVIEW]Howard G. Barth - 2019 - Isis 110 (3):623-624.
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  22.  3
    David Quammen. The Tangled Tree: A Radical New History of Life. Xvi + 461 Pp., Notes, Bibl., Illus., Index. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2018. $30 . ISBN 9781476776620. [REVIEW]Howard G. Barth - 2019 - Isis 110 (4):864-865.
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  23.  3
    Patrick Forterre. Microbes From Hell. Translated by Teresa Lavender Fagan. 288 Pp., Notes, Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2016. $50 (Cloth). ISBN 9780226265827. [REVIEW]Howard G. Barth - 2020 - Isis 111 (2):371-372.
  24.  8
    Helge Kragh. From Transuranic to Superheavy Elements: A Story of Dispute and Creation. Viii + 106 Pp., Indexes. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2018. €57 . ISBN 9783319758121. [REVIEW]Howard G. Barth - 2019 - Isis 110 (1):217-218.
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  25.  20
    Michael Brooks. The Quantum Astrologer’s Handbook: A History of the Renaissance Mathematics That Birthed Imaginary Numbers, Probability, and the New Physics of the Universe. 256 Pp. Melbourne/London: Scribe Publications, 2017. $26 (Cloth); ISBN 9781947534810. Paper and E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Howard G. Barth - 2020 - Isis 111 (4):874-875.
  26.  2
    The Reformed Church Rediscovers the Liturgy.Howard G. Hageman - 1956 - Hts Theological Studies 12 (2).
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  27. We Call This Friday Good.Howard G. Hageman - 1961
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  28.  35
    Cultural Codes and Sex Role Ideology.Susan B. Kaiser, Howard G. Schutz & Joan L. Chandler - 1987 - American Journal of Semiotics 5 (1):13 - 33.
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  29. A Pluralistic Universe: Hibbert Lectures at Manchester College on the Present Situation in Philosophy, by William James; A New Philosophical Reading.H. G. Callaway & William James (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    This new edition of William James’s 1909 classic, A Pluralistic Universe reproduces the original text, only modernizing the spelling. The books has been annotated throughout to clarify James’s points of reference and discussion. There is a new, fuller index, a brief chronology of James’s life, and a new bibliography—chiefly based on James’s own references. The editor, H.G. Callaway, has included a new Introduction which elucidates the legacy of Jamesian pluralism to survey some related questions of contemporary American society. -/- (...)
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  30.  4
    Donald Davidson.H. G. Callaway - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (173):555-560.
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  31. Semantic Theory and Language: A Perspective (Reprinted in Callaway 2008, Meaning Without Analyticity).H. G. Callaway - 1981 - Proceedings of the Southwestern Philosophical Association; Philosophical Topics 1981 (summer):93-103.
    Chomsky’s conception of semantics must contend with both philosophical skepticism and contrary traditions in linguistics. In “Two Dogmas” Quine argued that “...it is non-sense, and the root of much non-sense, to speak of a linguistic component and a factual component in the truth of any individual statement.” If so, it follows that language as the object of semantic investigation cannot be separated from collateral information. F. R. Palmer pursues a similar contention in his recent survey of issues in semantic theory: (...)
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  32. Meaning Without Analyticity (Reprinted in Callaway, 2008 Meaning Without Analyticity).H. G. Callaway - 1985 - Logique Et Analyse 109 (March):41-60.
    In a series of interesting and influential papers on semantics, Hilary Putnam has developed what he calls a “post-verificationist” theory of meaning. As part of this work, and not I think the most important part, Putnam defends a limited version of the analytic-synthetic distinction. In this paper I will survey and evaluate Putnam’s defense of analyticity and explore its relationship to broader concerns in semantics. Putnam’s defense of analyticity ultimately fails, and I want to show here exactly why it fails. (...)
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  33.  93
    Logic Acquisition, Usage and Semantic Realism (Reprinted in Callaway 2008, Meaning Without Analyticity).H. G. Callaway - 1992 - Erkenntnis 37 (1):65 - 92.
    A chief aim of this paper is to provide common ground for discussion of outstanding issues between defenders of classical logic and contemporary advocates of intuitionistic logic. In this spirit, I draw upon (and reconstruct) here the relationship between dialogue and evidence as emphasized in German constructivist authors. My approach depends upon developments in the methodology of empirical linguistics. As a preliminary to saying how one might decide between these two versions of logic (this issue is most closely approached in (...)
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  34. Freewill and Psychology [Special Issue].G. Howard - 1994 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 14 (1):363-369.
     
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  35. Reforming Methodology in Psychological Research.G. S. Howard, W. H. Youngs & A. M. Siatczynski - 1988 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 10:393-412.
  36.  21
    Review of H. Joas, Die Kreativität des Handelns. [REVIEW]H. G. Callaway - 1995 - Philasophical Quarterly (Scotland) 45 (179):247-249.
  37.  32
    Review of Stroh, G.W. And H. G. Callaway 2000, American Ethics: A Source Book From Edwards to Dewey. [REVIEW]James O. Pawelski - 2003 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society (no2):331ff..
  38.  5
    [Recensão a] Alexander James Dallas, an Exposition of the Causes and Character of the War. An Annotated Edition by H. G. Callaway[REVIEW]Edmundo Balsemão Pires - 2011 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 20 (40):558-560.
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  39.  25
    Arthur S. Eddington. The Nature of the Physical World: Gifford Lectures of 1927: An Annotated Edition. Annotated with an Introduction by H. G. Callaway. Xlix + 381 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Newcastle Upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014. $86.85. [REVIEW]John Stachel - 2016 - Isis 107 (1):199-201.
    The Nature of the Physical World is one of a series of semi-popular books, extremely popular and influential in the English-speaking world, that Arthur Eddington wrote between the 1920s and the 1950s. Not only were they masterful scientific expositions, but they included attempts to defend a definite philosophical position: dualism.
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  40.  83
    Fundamental Physics, Partial Models and Time’s Arrow.Howard Callaway - 2016 - In Lorenzo Magnani & Claudia Casadio (eds.), Model-based Reasoning in Science and Technology: Logical, Epistemological and Cognitive Issues (2016). Springer. pp. 601-618.
    This paper explores the scientific viability of the concept of causality—by questioning a central element of the distinction between “fundamental” and non-fundamental physics. It will be argued that the prevalent emphasis on fundamental physics involves formalistic and idealized partial models of physical regularities abstracting from and idealizing the causal evolution of physical systems. The accepted roles of partial models and of the special sciences in the growth of knowledge help demonstrate proper limitations of the concept of fundamental physics. We expect (...)
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  41.  59
    The Clinician-Investigator: Unavoidable but Manageable Tension.Howard Brody & Franklin G. Miller - 2003 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (4):329-346.
    : The "difference position" holds that clinical research and therapeutic medical practice are sufficiently distinct activities to require different ethical rules and principles. The "similarity position" holds instead that clinical investigators ought to be bound by the same fundamental principles that govern therapeutic medicine—specifically, a duty to provide the optimal therapeutic benefit to each patient or subject. Some defenders of the similarity position defend it because of the overlap between the role of attending physician and the role of investigator in (...)
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  42.  33
    The Internal Morality of Medicine: Explication and Application to Managed Care.Howard Brody & Franklin G. Miller - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (4):384 – 410.
    Some ethical issues facing contemporary medicine cannot be fully understood without addressing medicine's internal morality. Medicine as a profession is characterized by certain moral goals and morally acceptable means for achieving those goals. The list of appropriate goals and means allows some medical actions to be classified as clear violations of the internal morality, and others as borderline or controversial cases. Replies are available for common objections, including the superfluity of internal morality for ethical analysis, the argument that internal morality (...)
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  43. Meaning Holism and Semantic Realism (Reprinted in Callaway 2008, Meaning Without Analyticity).H. G. Callaway - 1992 - Dialectica 46 (1):41-59.
    Reconciliation of semantic holism with interpretation of individual expressions is advanced here by means of a relativization of sentence meaning to object language theories viewed as idealizations of belief-systems. Fodor's view of the autonomy of the special sciences is emphasized and this is combined with detailed replies to his recent criticisms of meaning holism. The argument is that the need for empirical evidence requires a holistic approach to meaning. Thus, semantic realism requires semantic holism. -/- .
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  44. Review of W. V. Quine, Pursuit of Truth (Reprinted in Callaway 2008, Meaning Without Analyticity). [REVIEW]H. G. Callaway - 1991 - Dialectica, Vol. 45, No. 4, 1991, Pp. 317-22 45 (No. 4):317-322.
    Quine's aim in this slim book is to "update, sum up and clarify variously intersecting views on cognitive meaning, objective referencce, and the grounds of knowledge." Only nine pages had previously appeared as the book came to print. It is based largely on unpublished lectures and informal discussions of the past ten years back to the Immanuel Kant Lectures given at Stanford in 1980. It does not, then duplicate Leonelli's Italian translation of the Kant lectures, La Scienza E I Datti (...)
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  45.  42
    A Critique of Clinical Equipoise: Therapeutic Misconception in the Ethics of Clinical Trials.Franklin G. Miller & Howard Brody - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (3):19-28.
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  46.  18
    The Research‐Clinical Practice Distinction, Learning Health Systems, and Relationships.Howard Brody & Franklin G. Miller - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (5):41-47.
  47.  7
    The Rittenhouse Orrery, Princeton's Eighteenth-Century Planetarium, 1767-1954. Howard G. Rice, Jr.Harry Woolf - 1955 - Isis 46 (1):76-77.
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  48. Liberalism and the Moral Significance of Individualism: A Deweyan View.H. G. Callaway - 1994 - Reason Papers 19 (Fall):13-29.
    A liberalism which scorns all individualism is fundamentally misguided. This is the chief thesis of this paper. To argue for it, I look closely at some key concepts. The concepts of morislity and individualism are crucial. I emphasize Dewey on the "individuality of the mind" and a Deweyan discussion of language, communication, and community. The thesis links individualism and liberalism, and since appeals to liberalism have broader appeal in the present context of discussions, I start with consideration of liberalism. The (...)
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  49. The World is Not Enough.Nathan Robert Howard & N. G. Laskowski - 2021 - Noûs 55 (1):86-101.
    Throughout his career, Derek Parfit made the bold suggestion, at various times under the heading of the "Normativity Objection," that anyone in possession of normative concepts is in a position to know, on the basis of their competence with such concepts alone, that reductive realism in ethics is not even possible. Despite the prominent role that the Normativity Objection plays in Parfit's non-reductive account of the nature of normativity, when the objection hasn't been ignored, it's been criticized and even derided. (...)
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  50.  75
    What Makes Placebo-Controlled Trials Unethical?Franklin G. Miller & Howard Brody - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):3 – 9.
    The leading ethical position on placebo-controlled clinical trials is that whenever proven effective treatment exists for a given condition, it is unethical to test a new treatment for that condition against placebo. Invoking the principle of clinical equipoise, opponents of placebo-controlled trials in the face of proven effective treatment argue that they (1) violate the therapeutic obligation of physicians to offer optimal medical care and (2) lack both scientific and clinical merit. We contend that both of these arguments are mistaken. (...)
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