OAI Archive: Wageningen Yield

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Wageningen Yield"

This set has the following status: partial.
  1. C. A. Timmermann, Limiting and Facilitating Access to Innovations in Medicine and Agriculture: A Brief Exposition of the Ethical Arguments.
    Taking people’s longevity as a measure of good life, humankind can proudly say that the average person is living a much longer life than ever before. The AIDS epidemic has however for the first time in decades stalled and in some cases even reverted this trend in a number of countries. Climate change is increasingly becoming a major challenge for food security and we can anticipate that hunger caused by crop damages will become much more common. Since many of the (...)
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  2. Jozef Keulartz & Henk Belt, DIY-Bio – Economic, Epistemological and Ethical Implications and Ambivalences.
    Since 2008, we witness the emergence of the Do-It-Yourself Biology movement, a global movement spreading the use of biotechnology beyond traditional academic and industrial institutions and into the lay public. Practitioners include a broad mix of amateurs, enthusiasts, students, and trained scientists. At this moment, the movement counts nearly 50 local groups, mostly in America and Europe, but also increasingly in Asia. Do-It-Yourself Bio represents a direct translation of hacking culture and practicesfrom the realm of computers and software into the (...)
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  3. C. A. Timmermann, Justifying Pro-Poor Innovation in the Life Sciences: A Brief Overview of the Ethical Landscape.
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  4. B. Bovenkerk & V. A. Braithwaite, Beneath the Surface: Killing of Fish as a Moral Problem.
    Are we morally justified in killing fish and if so, for what purposes? We do not focus on the suffering that is done during the killing, but on the question whether death itself is harmful for fish. We need to distinguish two questions; first, can death be considered a harm for fish? And second, if it is a harm, how much of a harm is it? In order to answer the first question, we explore four lines of reasoning: fish desire (...)
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  5. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Ethics and Politics of Food; Toward a Deliberative Perspective.
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  6. A. Dawson & M. F. Verweij, Public Health and Legitimacy: Or Why There is Still a Place for Substantive Work in Ethics.
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  7. Beatrijs Haverkamp, Reconstructing Alienation.
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  8. J. Koh, Ecological Design : A New Post-Modern Design Paradigm, One of Holistic Philosophy and Evalutionary Ethic.
    This papaer will present ecological design as a new paradigm in design, explain its significance, and argue for ecological design as a better paradigmatic alternative to the modern movement led by the Bauhaus, and as a sounder and more socially relevant approach than the post-modernism.
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  9. C. A. Timmermann, Life Sciences, Intellectual Property Regimes and Global Justice.
    In this thesis we have examined the complex interaction between intellectual property rights, life sciences and global justice. Science and the innovations developed in its wake have an enormous effect on our daily lives, providing countless opportunities but also raising numerous problems of justice. The complexity of a problem however does not liberate society as a whole from moral responsibilities. Our intellectual property regimes clash at various points with human rights law and commonly held notions of justice.
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  10. T. A. C. Reydon & L. Hemerik, Current Themes in Theoretical Biology : A Dutch Perspective.
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  11. M. Drenthen, F. W. J. Keulartz & J. Proctor (2009). New Visions of Nature: Complexity and Authenticity. Springer.
    Focuses on the emergence of visions of complex nature in three domains. This title includes the contributions that explore perceptual and conceptual boundaries between the human and the natural, or between an "out there" and "in here".
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  12. M. F. Verweij, Curiosity and Responsibility : Philosophy in Relation to Healthy Food and Living Conditions.
    The curious philosopher often answers questions by raising further, more fundamental questions. How can this be fruitful and practical in the context of Wageningen University? Philosophy offers critical reflection on conceptual and normative assumptions in science and society, and that is necessary for responsible practices. I illustrate this by analyzing the concept of quality of life – a key value in the mission of our university – and by questioning current debates about responsibility for health.
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  13. Martin Drenthen & Jozef Keulartz (2014). Old and New World Perspectives on Environmental Philosophy. Fordham University Press.
    This is the first collection of essays in which European and American philosophers explicitly think out their respective contributions and identities as environmental thinkers in the analytic and continental traditions. The American/European, as well as Analytic/Continental collaboration here bears fruit helpful for further theorizing and research. The essays group around three well-defined areas of questioning all focusing on the amelioration/management of environmentally, historically and traditionally diminished landscapes. The first part deals with differences between New World and the Old World perspectives (...)
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  14. Martin Drenthen & Jozef Keulartz (2014). Environmental Aesthetics. Crossing Divides and Breaking Ground. Fordham University Press.
    Environmental aesthetics crosses several commonly recognized divides: between analytic and continental philosophy, Eastern and Western traditions, universalizing and historicizing approaches, and theoretical and practical concerns. This volume sets out to show how these,perspectives can be brought into conversation with one another. The first part surveys the development of the field and discusses some important future directions. The second part explains how widening the scope of environmental aesthetics demands a continual rethinking of the relationship between aesthetics and other fields. How does (...)
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  15. Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij, Editorial: Public Health.
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  16. B. Bovenkerk, Scientific Responsibility: Should Analysis Start with the Scientists?
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  17. M. F. Verweij, How to Argue for the Rule of Rescue.
    The idea of the rule of rescue is that special weight should be given to protecting lives of assignable individuals in need now even if protecting others in the future would be more cost-effective. How can this be justified? One way to cast the problem is to see it as a conflict between a collectivist approach that emphasizes protecting groups or populations versus an approach that boils down to protecting individuals. This chapter argues that one individual-oriented approach to ethics, namely (...)
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  18. B. Bovenkerk, Public Deliberation and the Inclusion of Future Generations.
    Climate change could be described as an unstructured policy problem, in which we encounter disagreement on facts and values, problem definition, policy aims, procedures and instruments. For the solution of this type of problem public deliberation is often proposed. According to theories of deliberative democracy all those potentially affected by a decision should have the opportunity to participate in the drafting of that decision. However, in the context of climate change many of the potentially affected cannot speak for themselves, because (...)
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  19. Vincent Blok & Bart Gremmen, Ecological Innovation.
    In this article, we critically reflect on the concept of biomimicry. On the basis of an analysis of the concept of biomimicry in the literature and its philosophical origin, we distinguish between a strong and a weaker concept of biomimicry. The strength of the strong concept of biomimicry is that nature is seen as a measure by which to judge the ethical rightness of our technological innovations, but its weakness is found in questionable presuppositions. These presuppositions are addressed by the (...)
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  20. M. F. Verweij & F. L. B. Meijboom, One Health as a Collective Responsibility.
    In spite of the fact that in recent years many steps have been taken in the control of zoonotic diseases, we are still confronted with recent outbreaks of, for example Ebola and Avian Flu and with public debates on the preferred way to deal with zoonoses. Such debates can easily get polarised. Therefore, we argue that a more integrated approach is needed. In this paper we propose an integration on three levels. First, the One Health initiative could serve a fruitful (...)
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  21. T. H. Tempels & H. Belt, Once the Rockets Are Up, Who Should Care Where They Come Down? The Problem of Responsibility Ascription for the Negative Consequences of Biofuel Innovations.
    Responsible Innovation is often heralded in EU policy circles as a means to achieve ethically acceptable, sustainable innovations. Yet, conceptual questions on the specific notion of ‘responsibility’ and to what extent an innovation can be ‘responsible’ are only partly addressed. In this chapter the question of responsibility for the indirect negative effects of biofuel innovations is explored. While initially hailed as one of the much needed solutions in the global struggle against climate change, the use of biofuels has become increasingly (...)
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  22. Marcel Verweij & Koen Kramer, Donor Blood Screening and Moral Responsibility.
    Some screening tests for donor blood that are used by blood services to prevent transfusion-transmission of infectious diseases offer relatively few health benefits for the resources spent on them. Can good ethical arguments be provided for employing these tests nonetheless? This paper discusses-and ultimately rejects-three such arguments. According to the 'rule of rescue' argument, general standards for costeffectiveness in healthcare may be ignored when rescuing identifiable individuals. The argument fails in this context, however, because we cannot identify beforehand who will (...)
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  23. F. W. J. Keulartz & I. Klaver, Wetlands and Large Herbivores.
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  24. F. W. J. Keulartz, J. Swart & H. Windt, Deliberation as a Strategy in Conservation and Decision-Making.
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  25. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Regulating Peaceful Food Struggles in Multilevel Governance.
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  26. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, You Only Live Twice.
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  27. M. H. N. Schermer & F. W. J. Keulartz, Pragmatism as a Research Program - A Reply to Arras.
    This paper is a reaction to an article by John Arras published earlier in this journal. In this article Arras argues that "freestanding pragmatism" has little new to offer to bioethics. We respond to some of Arras' arguments and conclude that, although he overstates his case at certain points, his critique is, broadly speaking, correct. We then introduce and discuss an alternative approach to pragmatist ethics, one which puts to work the ideas and insights of pragmatism conceived as a broad (...)
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  28. H. Belt, Intellectual Property Rights in the Agrifood Sector: Do They Serve Justice and the Common Good?
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  29. H. Belt, Debating the Precautionary Principle: "Guilty Until Proven Innocent" or "Innocent Until Proven Guilty"?
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  30. H. Belt & T. Klompenhouwer, Regulating Functional Foods in the European Union: Informed Choice Versus Consumer Protection?
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  31. F. W. J. Keulartz, Special Collection: Pragmatist Ethics in the Technological Age.
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  32. H. Belt, Networking Nature, or Serengeti Behind the Dikes.
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  33. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Ethics of Differences in Risk Perceptions and Views on Food Safety.
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  34. F. W. J. Keulartz, Introduction.
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  35. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals & M. Pasquali, The Necessity of a New Communication Scheme for Biotechnology Innovations.
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  36. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals & M. Miele, Trust as Communication on Ethical Dilemmas: Possibilities and Commitments of Consumers of Animal Friendly Products.
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  37. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, The Ethics of Benefit Sharing of Plant and Nutrigenomics.
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  38. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Neither Golden Nugget nor Frankenstein.
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  39. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Before Dinner. Philosopy and Ethics of Food.
    This book is an extensive, original and systematic treatment of many important philosophical and ethical aspects of food. May we eat just anything? Can we do everything with animals, even genetic modification? If not, how can we regulate those processes so that they lead to optimum animal welfare while at the same time producing optimum taste? The production of food also causes environmental pollution does the fight against hunger have priority over the care of the environment? The care of the (...)
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  40. F. W. J. Keulartz & H. Zwart, Boundaries, Barriers and Bridges. Philosopical Fieldwork in Derewan, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.
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  41. A. Michalopoulos, M. J. J. A. A. Korthals & H. Hogeveen, Trade-Offs Between Cost-Benefit Analysis and Societal Values.
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  42. C. N. Weele, Food Metaphors: What Ethical Difference Do They Make?
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  43. C. N. Weele, Images of the Genome: From Public Debates to Biology, and Back, and Forth.
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  44. F. W. J. Keulartz, Boundary-Work - The Tension Between Diversity and Sustainability.
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  45. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Is It Healthy, is It Social? Ethics of Functional Food.
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  46. F. W. J. Keulartz, Kyoto and the Ethics of Flexibility.
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  47. H. G. J. Gremmen, Genomics and the Instrinsic Value of Plants.
    In discussions on genetic engineering and plant breeding, the intrinsic value of plants and crops is used as an argument against this technology. This paper focuses on the new field of plant genomics, which, according to some, is almost the same as genetic engineering. This raises the question whether the intrinsic value of plants could also be used as an argument against plant genomics. We will discuss three reasons why plant genomics could violate the intrinsic value of plants: 1. genomics (...)
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  48. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Ethics of Food Production and Consumption.
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  49. F. W. J. Keulartz, From the Struggle for Nature.
    The Struggle for Nature. A Critique of Radical Ecology. ¿ Short outline and extract of the critical ¿ analytical work of Jozef Keulartz that is focused at review of most influential streams in environmental philosophy. In his book, the autor is mapping philosophical roots of the so called ecological approaches and their social consequences. With regard to holistic concepts, it represents valuable historical perspective and experience of unifying strategies aiming at establishment of comprehensive and unifying worldview. These turn out to (...)
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  50. L. J. Frewer & B. Gremmen, Consumer Interests in Food Processing Waste Management and Co-Product Recovery.
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  51. Jozef Keulartz & G. R. Leistra, Legitimacy in European Nature Conservation Policy : Case-Studies in Multilevel Governance.
    Natura 2000 was tot voor kort vorral een ecologisch-bestuurlijk project, maar de invoering roept ook kritiek en verzet op vanwege belangrijke sociale implicaties. Natura 2000 lijkt een legitimiteitsprobleem te hebben. De twee peilers onder de legitimiteit zijn de overheid en de wetenschap. Positie en functie van beide zijn aan het veranderen. Van government naar governance. Dat probleem staat centraal in dit boek. De meeste auteurs zijn voorstander van een verschuiving van substanciële naar procesmatige legitimiteitsproductieBuilding forth upon recent developments in democracy (...)
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  52. V. M. M. Pompe, Doing Business with Animals : Moral Entrepreneurship and Ethical Room for Manoeuvre in Livestock Related Sector.
    De algemene doelstelling van dit proefschrift is het bestuderen van moreel ondernemerschap binnen de dier- en bedrijfsethiek met betrekking tot morele verandering en in het bijzonder de huidige ‘capabiliteit’ om morele verandering te realiseren en het potentieel dit in de toekomst te doen.The overall objective of this dissertation is to study moral entrepreneurship within animal and business ethics in relation to moral change. In particular the current capability in bringing about moral change and its potential to do so.
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  53. Henk Belt, Design for Values in Agricultural Biotechnology.
    Agricultural biotechnology dates from the last two decades of the twentieth century. It involves the creation of plants and animals with new useful traits by inserting one or more genes taken from other species. New legal possibilities for patenting transgenic organisms and isolated genes have been provided to promote the development of this new technology. The applications of biotechnology raise a whole range of value issues, like consumer and farmer autonomy, respect for intellectual property, environmental sustainability, food security, social justice, (...)
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  54. C. P. G. Driessen & Cor Weele, A Chance to Rethink.
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  55. V. Blok, H. G. J. Gremmen & R. Wesselink, Dealing with the Wicked Problem of Sustainability: The Role of Individual Virtuous Competence.
    Over the past few years, individual competencies for sustainability have received a lot of attention in the educational, sustainability and business administration literature. In this article, we explore the meaning of two rather new and unfamiliar moral competencies in the field of corporate sustainability: normative competence and action competence. Because sustainability can be seen as a highly complex or ‘wicked’ problem, it is unclear what ‘normativity’ in the normative competence and ‘responsible action’ in the action competence actually mean. In this (...)
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  56. V. Blok & P. Lemmens, The Emerging Concept of Responsible Innovation. Three Reasons Why It Is Questionable and Calls for a Radical Transformation of the Concept of Innovation.
    In this chapter, we challenge the presupposed concept of innovation in the responsible innovation literature. As a first step, we raise several questions with regard to the possibility of ‘responsible’ innovation and point at several difficulties which undermine the supposedly responsible character of innovation processes, based on an analysis of the input, throughput and output of innovation processes. It becomes clear that the practical applicability of the concept of responsible innovation is highly problematic and that a more thorough inquiry of (...)
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  57. Koen Kramer, Marcel F. Verweij & Hans L. Zaaijer, An Inventory of Concerns Behind Blood Safety Policies in Five Western Countries.
    BACKGROUND: The availability of costly safety measures against transfusion-transmissible infections forces Western countries to confront difficult ethical questions. How to decide about implementing such measures? When are such decisions justified? As a preliminary to addressing these questions, we assessed which concerns shape actual donor blood safety policymaking in five Western countries. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Our qualitative study involved determining which issues had been discussed in advisory committee meetings and capturing these issues in general categories. Appropriate documents were identified in (...)
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  58. Jan P. Vlasblom, Jenny T. Steen, Martin N. Walton & H. Jochemsen, Effects of Nurses' Screening of Spiritual Needs of Hospitalized Patients on Consultation and Perceived Nurses' Support and Patients' Spiritual Well-Being.
    There is an undeniable relationship between spirituality and health, and taking a spiritual history is a simple way to increase the focus on spiritual care. This is a pre/posttest intervention study. Questionnaires were administered before implementation of a spiritual assessment, and afterward. Despite a difficult implementation process, the number of consultation requests for the Department of Spiritual and Pastoral Care increased from 2 in the pretest period to 33 in the posttest period. After adjusting for patient characteristics, we found no (...)
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  59. Hans Houweling & M. F. Verweij, What is the Responsibility of National Government with Respect to Vaccination? Response of Marcel F. Verweij and Hans Houweling to Ronald de Groot.
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  60. B. Bovenkerk & M. F. Verweij, Collective Dimensions in Animal Ethics.
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  61. Vincent Blok & Bart Gremmen (2016). Ecological Innovation: Biomimicry as a New Way of Thinking and Acting Ecologically. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (2):203-217.
    In this article, we critically reflect on the concept of biomimicry. On the basis of an analysis of the concept of biomimicry in the literature and its philosophical origin, we distinguish between a strong and a weaker concept of biomimicry. The strength of the strong concept of biomimicry is that nature is seen as a measure by which to judge the ethical rightness of our technological innovations, but its weakness is found in questionable presuppositions. These presuppositions are addressed by the (...)
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  62. B. Jonge & M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Vicissitudes of Benefit Sharing of Crop Genetic Resources: Downstream and Upstream.
    In this article, we will first give a historic overview of the concept of benefit sharing and its appearance in official agreements, particularly with respect to crop genetic resources. It will become clear that, at present, benefit sharing is primarily considered as an instrument of compensation or exchange, and thus refers to commutative justice. However, we believe that such a narrow interpretation of benefit sharing disregards, and even undermines, much of its content and potency, especially where crop genetic resources are (...)
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  63. T. Heuvel, R. J. Renes, H. G. J. Gremmen, C. M. J. Woerkum & J. C. M. Trijp, Consumers' Images Regarding Genomics as a Tomato Breeding Technology: "Maybe It Can Provide a More Tasty Tomato".
    Methods of production are becoming more important to consumers in their decisions about whether or not to buy or consume a certain product. This decision making process is influenced, among other things, by the images consumers have with regard to the product and its method of production. In this research, consumer images regarding plant breeding technologies were ascertained by means of focus group discussions. Thirty-five respondents, divided into four homogenous groups, were given descriptions of three plant breeding techniques and challenged (...)
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  64. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Book Review : Mind Versus Stomach: The Philosophical Meanings of Eating. [REVIEW]
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  65. K. Mogendorff, H. F. M. Molder, C. M. J. Woerkum & H. G. J. Gremmen, Turning Experts Into Self-Reflexive Speakers. The Problematization of Technical-Scientific Expertise Relative to Alternative Forms of Expertise.
    Bio-experts’ portrayals of laypeople are considered problematic. Two discursive action method workshops with 17 participants were organized to discover whether plant experts can engage in reflexive problematization of their own talk about and in front of laypeople and whether plant experts’ analyses may offer insights with regard to the hegemony of technical-scientific expertise. Participants discussed the interactional effects of real-life expert talk. Plant experts’ discussions indicate that they can problematize how their talk-in-interaction helps reproduce the supremacy of technical-scientific expertise. Results (...)
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  66. H. Belt, Enclosing the Genomic Commons: Biopatenting on a Global Scale.
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  67. F. W. J. Keulartz, H. Windt & J. Swart, Concepts of Nature as Communicative Devices. The Case of Dutch Nature Policy.
    The recent widespread shift in governance from the state to the market and to civil society, in combination with the simultaneous shift from the national level to supra-national and sub-national levels has led to a significant increase in the numbers of public and private players in nature policy. This in turn has increased the need for a common vocabulary to articulate and communicate views and values concerning nature among various actors acting on different administrative levels. In this article, we will (...)
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  68. L. J. Frewer, J. Lassen, B. Kettlitz, J. Scholderer, V. Beekman & K. G. Berdal, Societal Aspects of Genetically Modified Foods.
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  69. E. Kanis, H. Belt, A. F. Groen, J. Schakel & K. H. Greef, Breeding for Improved Welfare in Pigs: A Conceptual Framework and its Use in Practice.
    Welfare of animals can be defined as the kind of feelings the environmental conditions bring about in the animals. These feelings depend on the needs of the animals and their degree of satisfaction. Needs of animals, and so their welfare, are partly genetically determined. Therefore, welfare can be changed by breeding. The aim of this study was to investigate how welfare of pigs under modern intensive farm conditions can be improved by genetic selection, with emphasis on the precise definition of (...)
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  70. F. W. J. Keulartz, M. H. N. Schermer, M. J. J. A. A. Korthals & T. Swierstra, Ethics in Technological Culture. A Programmatic Proposal for a Pragmatist Approach.
    Neither traditional philosophy nor current applied ethics seem able to cope adequately with the highly dynamic character of our modern technological culture. This is because they have insufficient insight into the moral significance of technological artifacts and systems. Here, much can be learned from recent science and technology studies. They have opened up the black box of technological developments and have revealed the intimate intertwinement of technology and society in minute detail. However while applied ethics is characterized by a certain (...)
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  71. C. N. Weele, Food Metaphors and Ethics: Towards More Attention for Bodeli Experience.
    Official Dutch food information apparently tries to avoid images but is implicitly shaped by the metaphor that food is fuel. The image of food as fuel and its accompanying view of the body as a machine are not maximally helpful for integrating two important human desires: health and pleasure. At the basis of the split between health and pleasure is the traditional mind¿body dichotomy, in which the body is an important source of evil and bodily pleasure is sinful and dangerous. (...)
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  72. T. Heuvel, J. C. M. Trijp, H. G. J. Gremmen, R. J. Renes & C. M. J. Woerkum, Why Preferences Change: Beliefs Become More Salient Through Provided Information.
    Information regarding the method of production of food products influences the decision-making process of consumers. The aim of this study is investigate to what extent information about genomics biases consumer decision making. We investigate the exact source of the biasing nature by separating the effect on consumer beliefs and the salience of those beliefs. The effect of information is tested through an information condition concerning two breeding methods, namely classical breeding and breeding enabled by genomics. The results show that consumer (...)
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  73. T. Heuvel, J. C. M. Trijp, C. M. J. Woerkum, R. J. Renes & H. G. J. Gremmen, Linking Product Offering to Consumer Needs: Inclusion of Credence Attributes and the Influences of Product Features.
    The Quality Guidance Model was extended beyond sensory properties to include credence motivations like healthiness, environmental friendliness, naturalness, and safety. This Extended Quality Guidance Model was built and tested to explain consumer preferences from consumer perceptions, expert sensory judgments, and metabolite features of tomatoes. The different type of features made it possible to explore the actionability of the features in predicting consumer preferences both in-store and upon consumption.
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  74. L. Hanssen, H. Vriend & B. Gremmen, The Role of Biosolar Technologies in Future Energy Supply Making Scenarios for the Netherlands: Energy Port and Energy Farm.
    This paper assesses the possible roles of biosolar energy systems in the Netherlands in the coming years. The appraisal is made in the light of EU Directives on renewable energy and reduction of CO2 emissions, and the new Dutch Energy Agreement for Sustainable Growth. The assessment is made within the Dutch BioSolar Cells research programme on photosynthesis and its application in fuel production. Part of the programme is committed to societal debate by considering different options and uses of biosolar technology. (...)
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  75. M. Korthals, Fundamental Uncertainty as an Issue for Deliberative Democracy.
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  76. M. Hoven & M. F. Verweij, Professional Solidarity: The Case of Influenza Immunization.
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  77. J. Lorimer & C. P. G. Driessen, Bovine Biopolitics and the Promise of Monsters in the Rewilding of Heck Cattle.
    In the early 1980s the Dutch ecologist Frans Vera began an ambitious ecological restoration experiment on a polder in the Netherlands. He introduced herds of ‘back-bred’ Heck cattle and other large herbivores and encouraged them to ‘de-domesticate’ themselves and ‘rewild’ the landscape they inhabit. His intervention has triggered a great deal of interest and controversy. It is being replicated and adapted across Europe as part of a wider interest in ‘rewilding’ in nature conservation. This innovative approach rubs up against powerful (...)
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  78. C. Weele & C. P. G. Driessen, Emerging Profiles for Cultured Meat; Ethics Through and as Design.
    The development of cultured meat has gained urgency through the increasing problems associated with meat, but what it might become is still open in many respects. In existing debates, two main moral profiles can be distinguished. Vegetarians and vegans who embrace cultured meat emphasize how it could contribute to the diminishment of animal suffering and exploitation, while in a more mainstream profile cultured meat helps to keep meat eating sustainable and affordable. In this paper we argue that these profiles do (...)
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  79. E. Palm, A. Nordgren, M. F. Verweij & G. Collste, Ethically Sound Technology? Guidelines for Interactive Ethical Assessment of Personal Health Monitoring.
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  80. B. Rump, C. Cornelis, F. Woonink & M. F. Verweij, The Need for Ethical Reflection on the Use of Molecular Microbial Characterisation in Outbreak Management.
    Current thinking on the development of molecular microbial characterisation techniques in public health focuses mainly on operational issues that need to be resolved before incorporation into daily practice can take place. Notwithstanding the importance of these operational challenges, it is also essential to formulate conditions under which such microbial characterisation methods can be used from an ethical perspective. The potential ability of molecular techniques to show relational patterns between individuals with more certainty brings a new sense of urgency to already (...)
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  81. C. Weele, Morality and Genomics: Which Comes First? Towards Cooperative Inquiry.
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  82. H. Belt & M. Korthals, The International Patent System and the Ethics of Global Justice.
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  83. L. M. Tesfaye, I. A. Lans, M. C. A. M. Bink, H. G. J. Gremmen & J. C. M. Trijp, Consumer-Oriented New Product Development in Fruit Flavour Breeding - A Bayesian Approach.
    Taking consumer quality perceptions into account is very important for new-fruit product development in todays competitive food market. To this end, consumer-oriented quality improvement models like the Quality Guidance Model have been proposed. Implementing such mod- els in the agro industry is challenging. We propose the use of Bayesian Structure Equation Modelling for parameterizing the Quality Guid- ance Model, allowing for the integration of elicited expert knowledge. Such casual modelling would furnish important insights for determining the opti- mal fruit product (...)
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  84. C. P. G. Driessen, Animal Deliberation : The Co-Evolution of Technology and Ethics on the Farm.
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  85. J. Keulartz & M. Schermer, A Pragmatist Approach to the Governance of Vulnerability.
    Novel technologies and scientific advancements offer not only opportunities but risks. Technological systems are vulnerable to human error and technical malfunctioning that have far-reaching consequences: one flipped switch can cause a cascading power failure across a networked electric grid. Yet, once addressed, vulnerability accompanied by coping mechanisms may yield a more flexible and resilient society. This book investigates vulnerability, in both its negative and positive aspects, in technological cultures. The contributors argue that viewing risk in terms of vulnerability offers a (...)
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  86. M. Drenthen & J. Keulartz (eds.) (2014). Environmental Aesthetics. Crossing Divides and Breaking Ground. Fordham University Press.
    Environmental aesthetics crosses several commonly recognized divides: between analytic and continental philosophy, Eastern and Western traditions, universalizing and historicizing approaches, and theoretical and practical concerns. This volume sets out to show how these,perspectives can be brought into conversation with one another. The first part surveys the development of the field and discusses some important future directions. The second part explains how widening the scope of environmental aesthetics demands a continual rethinking of the relationship between aesthetics and other fields. How does (...)
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  87. M. Drenthen & J. Keulartz (eds.) (2014). Old and New World Perspectives on Environmental Philosophy. Transatlantic Conversations. Springer.
    This is the first collection of essays in which European and American philosophers explicitly think out their respective contributions and identities as environmental thinkers in the analytic and continental traditions. The American/European, as well as Analytic/Continental collaboration here bears fruit helpful for further theorizing and research. The essays group around three well-defined areas of questioning all focusing on the amelioration/management of environmentally, historically and traditionally diminished landscapes. The first part deals with differences between New World and the Old World perspectives (...)
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  88. L. I. Bouwman, G. J. Hiddink, M. A. Koelen, M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, P. Veer & C. M. J. Woerkum, Personalized Nutrition Communication Through ICT Application: How to Overcome the Gap Between Potential Effectiveness and Reality.
    The potential effectiveness of personalized nutrition communication through the Internet is promising in terms of addressing personal relevance, flexibility, interactive options and amount of people that can be reached. However, little research on the contribution to behaviour change has been done. The MyFood program at Wageningen University aims at providing insight into strategies to implement personalized nutrition communication through interactive tools. In this article we present the framework for research on social acceptance of personalized nutrition communication through interactive computer technology (...)
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  89. G. Hunink, R. Leeuwen, M. Jansen & H. Jochemsen, Moral Issues in Mentoring Sessions.
    This article describes the results of research that investigated whether student nurses identified the moral aspects of everyday nursing care situations and, if so, how they dealt with them. We intended to elucidate the role of mentoring situations in moral development. Student written documents reflecting discussions during mentoring situations were analysed quantitatively and qualitatively. The students studied in one of the three nursing schools involved in the research. In only a small proportion of cases (.
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  90. S. Polinder, E. J. Brouwer & H. Jochemsen, Family in Development : Hopes and Challenges.
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  91. S. Welin & C. Weele, Cultured Meat; Will It Separate Us From Nature?
    In vitro meat, or cultured meat, is one of the ideas that are being proposed to help solve the problems associated with the ever growing global meat consumption. The prospect is a source or great moral hope, but also generates doubts and criticism. In this paper, we focus on worries about the alleged unnaturalness of in vitro meat; and the possible deterioration of our relations with nature and animals. We will argue that arguments about naturalness take us to any conclusion (...)
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  92. K. Mogendorff, The Blurring of Boundaries Between Research and Everyday Life: Dilemmas of Employing One's Own Experiential Knowledge in Disability Research.
    Researchers with experiential disability knowledge increasingly engage in socio-medical research. In this paper the author discusses her experiences with employing her own lived experiences with disability in academic and non-academic research projects. Incorporating one's own lived experiences in research implies a blurring of boundaries between the private, the professional, and the public. The latter may give rise to dilemmas of double membership and dilemmas of disclosure in publications. Double membership may become problematic for disabled researchers who identify with the disability (...)
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  93. C. P. G. Driessen, In Awe of Fish? Animal Ethics for Non-Cuddly Species.
    We are all consumers. What we consume, how, and how much, has consequences of great moral importance for humans, animals, and the environment. Great challenges lie ahead as we are facing population growth and climate change and reduced availability of fossil fuels. It is often argued that key to meeting those challenges is changing consumption patterns among individual as well as institutions, for instance through reducing meat consumption, switching to organic or fair trade products, boycotting or 'buycotting' certain products, or (...)
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  94. K. Purnhagen, The Politics of Systematization in EU Product Safety Regulation: Market, State, Collectivity, and Integration.
    This book examines the increasing role of the legal method of systematisation in European Union law. It argues that the legal method of systematisation that has been developed in a welfare-state context is increasingly used as a regulative tool to functionally integrate the market. The book uses the example of EU product regulation as a reference to illustrate the impact of systematisation on EU law. It draws conclusions from this phenomenon and redefines the current place and origin of systematisation in (...)
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  95. H. Jochemsen, An Ethical Foundation for Careful Animal Husbandry.
    Current practices in intensive animal production increasingly raise questions with respect to animal ethics both among the public in Europe and in political circles. This paper integrates three areas of philosophical views in order to formulate a general ethical position with respect to animal husbandry. The first area regards the question to what type of beings animals are. Secondly, an evaluative model of agrarian practices is employed in order to obtain a better perception on the place of animals in animal (...)
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  96. G. Nicolosi, On the Traces of Hephaestus : Skills, Technology and Social Participation.
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  97. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, The Food We Eat: The Right to Be Informed and the Duty to Inform.
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  98. M. Korthals & H. Belt, Intellectual Property Rights and Trade in the Food and Agricultural Sectors.
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  99. H. Belt, The “Capitalization of the Intellect”: Did Father Kwant Anticipate the Commodification Thesis?
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  100. H. Belt, Synthetic Biology and Global Health in the Age of Intellectual Property.
    Although synthetic biology conjures up a future cornucopia of new medicines and other health applications, the antimalarial drug artemisinin is still one of the few concrete illustrations to substantiate this promise. As SB’s favorite poster child, it is atypical because it exemplifies a rather unusual mixture of lavish philanthropy and ad hoc institutional arrangements. A more probing analysis of the moral issues that SB and its medical applications are likely to raise, especially from the angle of global justice, has to (...)
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