OAI Archive: Wageningen Yield

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Wageningen Yield"

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  1. L. Hanssen, H. Vriend & B. Gremmen, The Role of Biosolar Technologies in Future Energy Supply Making Scenarios for the Netherlands: Energy Port and Energy Farm.
    This paper assesses the possible roles of biosolar energy systems in the Netherlands in the coming years. The appraisal is made in the light of EU Directives on renewable energy and reduction of CO2 emissions, and the new Dutch Energy Agreement for Sustainable Growth. The assessment is made within the Dutch BioSolar Cells research programme on photosynthesis and its application in fuel production. Part of the programme is committed to societal debate by considering different options and uses of biosolar technology. (...)
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  2. M. Korthals, Fundamental Uncertainty as an Issue for Deliberative Democracy.
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  3. M. Hoven & M. F. Verweij, Professional Solidarity: The Case of Influenza Immunization.
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  4. J. Lorimer & C. P. G. Driessen, Bovine Biopolitics and the Promise of Monsters in the Rewilding of Heck Cattle.
    In the early 1980s the Dutch ecologist Frans Vera began an ambitious ecological restoration experiment on a polder in the Netherlands. He introduced herds of ‘back-bred’ Heck cattle and other large herbivores and encouraged them to ‘de-domesticate’ themselves and ‘rewild’ the landscape they inhabit. His intervention has triggered a great deal of interest and controversy. It is being replicated and adapted across Europe as part of a wider interest in ‘rewilding’ in nature conservation. This innovative approach rubs up against powerful (...)
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  5. C. Weele & C. P. G. Driessen, Emerging Profiles for Cultured Meat; Ethics Through and as Design.
    The development of cultured meat has gained urgency through the increasing problems associated with meat, but what it might become is still open in many respects. In existing debates, two main moral profiles can be distinguished. Vegetarians and vegans who embrace cultured meat emphasize how it could contribute to the diminishment of animal suffering and exploitation, while in a more mainstream profile cultured meat helps to keep meat eating sustainable and affordable. In this paper we argue that these profiles do (...)
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  6. E. Palm, A. Nordgren, M. F. Verweij & G. Collste, Ethically Sound Technology? Guidelines for Interactive Ethical Assessment of Personal Health Monitoring.
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  7. B. Rump, C. Cornelis, F. Woonink & M. F. Verweij, The Need for Ethical Reflection on the Use of Molecular Microbial Characterisation in Outbreak Management.
    Current thinking on the development of molecular microbial characterisation techniques in public health focuses mainly on operational issues that need to be resolved before incorporation into daily practice can take place. Notwithstanding the importance of these operational challenges, it is also essential to formulate conditions under which such microbial characterisation methods can be used from an ethical perspective. The potential ability of molecular techniques to show relational patterns between individuals with more certainty brings a new sense of urgency to already (...)
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  8. C. Weele, Morality and Genomics: Which Comes First? Towards Cooperative Inquiry.
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  9. H. Belt & M. Korthals, The International Patent System and the Ethics of Global Justice.
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  10. L. M. Tesfaye, I. A. Lans, M. C. A. M. Bink, H. G. J. Gremmen & J. C. M. Trijp, Consumer-Oriented New Product Development in Fruit Flavour Breeding - A Bayesian Approach.
    Taking consumer quality perceptions into account is very important for new-fruit product development in todays competitive food market. To this end, consumer-oriented quality improvement models like the Quality Guidance Model have been proposed. Implementing such mod- els in the agro industry is challenging. We propose the use of Bayesian Structure Equation Modelling for parameterizing the Quality Guid- ance Model, allowing for the integration of elicited expert knowledge. Such casual modelling would furnish important insights for determining the opti- mal fruit product (...)
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  11. C. P. G. Driessen, Animal Deliberation : The Co-Evolution of Technology and Ethics on the Farm.
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  12. J. Keulartz & M. Schermer, A Pragmatist Approach to the Governance of Vulnerability.
    Novel technologies and scientific advancements offer not only opportunities but risks. Technological systems are vulnerable to human error and technical malfunctioning that have far-reaching consequences: one flipped switch can cause a cascading power failure across a networked electric grid. Yet, once addressed, vulnerability accompanied by coping mechanisms may yield a more flexible and resilient society. This book investigates vulnerability, in both its negative and positive aspects, in technological cultures. The contributors argue that viewing risk in terms of vulnerability offers a (...)
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  13. M. Drenthen & J. Keulartz, Environmental Aesthetics. Crossing Divides and Breaking Ground.
    Environmental aesthetics crosses several commonly recognized divides: between analytic and continental philosophy, Eastern and Western traditions, universalizing and historicizing approaches, and theoretical and practical concerns. This volume sets out to show how these,perspectives can be brought into conversation with one another. The first part surveys the development of the field and discusses some important future directions. The second part explains how widening the scope of environmental aesthetics demands a continual rethinking of the relationship between aesthetics and other fields. How does (...)
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  14. M. Drenthen & J. Keulartz, Old and New World Perspectives on Environmental Philosophy.
    This is the first collection of essays in which European and American philosophers explicitly think out their respective contributions and identities as environmental thinkers in the analytic and continental traditions. The American/European, as well as Analytic/Continental collaboration here bears fruit helpful for further theorizing and research. The essays group around three well-defined areas of questioning all focusing on the amelioration/management of environmentally, historically and traditionally diminished landscapes. The first part deals with differences between New World and the Old World perspectives (...)
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  15. L. I. Bouwman, G. J. Hiddink, M. A. Koelen, M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, P. Veer & C. M. J. Woerkum, Personalized Nutrition Communication Through ICT Application: How to Overcome the Gap Between Potential Effectiveness and Reality.
    The potential effectiveness of personalized nutrition communication through the Internet is promising in terms of addressing personal relevance, flexibility, interactive options and amount of people that can be reached. However, little research on the contribution to behaviour change has been done. The MyFood program at Wageningen University aims at providing insight into strategies to implement personalized nutrition communication through interactive tools. In this article we present the framework for research on social acceptance of personalized nutrition communication through interactive computer technology (...)
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  16. G. Hunink, R. Leeuwen, M. Jansen & H. Jochemsen, Moral Issues in Mentoring Sessions.
    This article describes the results of research that investigated whether student nurses identified the moral aspects of everyday nursing care situations and, if so, how they dealt with them. We intended to elucidate the role of mentoring situations in moral development. Student written documents reflecting discussions during mentoring situations were analysed quantitatively and qualitatively. The students studied in one of the three nursing schools involved in the research. In only a small proportion of cases did the students identify the ethical (...)
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  17. S. Polinder, E. J. Brouwer & H. Jochemsen, Family in Development : Hopes and Challenges.
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  18. S. Welin & C. Weele, Cultured Meat; Will It Separate Us From Nature?
    In vitro meat, or cultured meat, is one of the ideas that are being proposed to help solve the problems associated with the ever growing global meat consumption. The prospect is a source or great moral hope, but also generates doubts and criticism. In this paper, we focus on worries about the alleged unnaturalness of in vitro meat; and the possible deterioration of our relations with nature and animals. We will argue that arguments about naturalness take us to any conclusion (...)
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  19. K. Mogendorff, The Blurring of Boundaries Between Research and Everyday Life: Dilemmas of Employing One's Own Experiential Knowledge in Disability Research.
    Researchers with experiential disability knowledge increasingly engage in socio-medical research. In this paper the author discusses her experiences with employing her own lived experiences with disability in academic and non-academic research projects. Incorporating one's own lived experiences in research implies a blurring of boundaries between the private, the professional, and the public. The latter may give rise to dilemmas of double membership and dilemmas of disclosure in publications. Double membership may become problematic for disabled researchers who identify with the disability (...)
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  20. C. P. G. Driessen, In Awe of Fish? Animal Ethics for Non-Cuddly Species.
    We are all consumers. What we consume, how, and how much, has consequences of great moral importance for humans, animals, and the environment. Great challenges lie ahead as we are facing population growth and climate change and reduced availability of fossil fuels. It is often argued that key to meeting those challenges is changing consumption patterns among individual as well as institutions, for instance through reducing meat consumption, switching to organic or fair trade products, boycotting or 'buycotting' certain products, or (...)
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  21. K. Purnhagen, The Politics of Systematization in EU Product Safety Regulation: Market, State, Collectivity, and Integration.
    This book examines the increasing role of the legal method of systematisation in European Union law. It argues that the legal method of systematisation that has been developed in a welfare-state context is increasingly used as a regulative tool to functionally integrate the market. The book uses the example of EU product regulation as a reference to illustrate the impact of systematisation on EU law. It draws conclusions from this phenomenon and redefines the current place and origin of systematisation in (...)
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  22. H. Jochemsen, An Ethical Foundation for Careful Animal Husbandry.
    Current practices in intensive animal production increasingly raise questions with respect to animal ethics both among the public in Europe and in political circles. This paper integrates three areas of philosophical views in order to formulate a general ethical position with respect to animal husbandry. The first area regards the question to what type of beings animals are. Secondly, an evaluative model of agrarian practices is employed in order to obtain a better perception on the place of animals in animal (...)
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  23. G. Nicolosi, On the Traces of Hephaestus : Skills, Technology and Social Participation.
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  24. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, The Food We Eat: The Right to Be Informed and the Duty to Inform.
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  25. M. Korthals & H. Belt, Intellectual Property Rights and Trade in the Food and Agricultural Sectors.
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  26. H. Belt, The “Capitalization of the Intellect”: Did Father Kwant Anticipate the Commodification Thesis?
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  27. H. Belt, Synthetic Biology and Global Health in the Age of Intellectual Property.
    Although synthetic biology conjures up a future cornucopia of new medicines and other health applications, the antimalarial drug artemisinin is still one of the few concrete illustrations to substantiate this promise. As SB’s favorite poster child, it is atypical because it exemplifies a rather unusual mixture of lavish philanthropy and ad hoc institutional arrangements. A more probing analysis of the moral issues that SB and its medical applications are likely to raise, especially from the angle of global justice, has to (...)
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  28. B. Bovenkerk & F. Kaldewaij, The Use of Animal Models in Behavioural Neuroscience Research.
    Animal models are used in experiments in the behavioural neurosciences that aim to contribute to the prevention and treatment of cognitive and affective disorders in human beings, such as anxiety and depression. Ironically, those animals that are likely to be the best models for psychopathology are also likely to be considered the ones that are most morally problematic to use, if it seems probable that they have experiences that are similar to human experiences that we have strong reasons to avoid (...)
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  29. M. Korthals, Coevolution of Nutrigenomics and Society: Ethical Considerations.
    To optimize the coevolution of nutrigenomics and society , I analyzed chances for a fruitful match between normative concepts and strategies of both developments. Nutrigenomics embodies ≥3 normative concepts. First, food is exclusively interpreted in terms of disease prevention. Second, striving for health is interpreted as the quantification of risks and prevention of diseases through positive food-gene interactions. The third normative idea is that disease prevention by the minimization of risks is an individual's task. My thesis was that these concepts (...)
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  30. B. Gremmen, V. Blok & S. Hout, An Ethical Analysis of the Biomimetic Approach to the Bio-Based Economy.
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  31. R. H. Komduur & H. Molder, The Role of Genes in Talking About Overweight: An Analysis of Discourse on Genetics, Overweight and Health Risks in Relation to Nutrigenomics.
    This study examines whether the assumptions embedded in nutrigenomics, especially the alleged relation between information about personal health risks and healthy behaviour, match how people account for the relation between food, health and genes in everyday life. We draw on discourse analysis to study accounts of overweight in six group interviews with people who are and who are not overweight. The results show potentially contradictory normative orientations towards behavioural explanations of weight. Overt gene accounts are interactionally problematic , indicating that (...)
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  32. C. A. Timmermann & H. Belt, Intellectual Property and Global Health: From Corporate Social Responsibility to the Access to Knowledge Movement.
    Any system for the protection of intellectual property rights has three main kinds of distributive effects. It will determine or influence: the types of objects that will be developed and for which IPRs will be sought; the differential access various people will have to these objects; and the distribution of the IPRs themselves among various actors. What this means to the area of pharmaceutical research is that many urgently needed medicines will not be developed at all, that the existing medicines (...)
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  33. V. Blok, B. Gremmen & S. Hout, The Ethics of Ecological Innovation. Biomimicry and Biomimesis as a New Way of Thinking and Acting Ecologically.
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  34. M. R. N. Bruijnis, B. Gremmen, V. Blok & E. N. Stassen, Ethical- and Social Aspects of Two Alternatives to the Killing of Male Chicks.
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  35. B. Penders & M. Korthals, Harvesting Normative Potential for Nutrigenomic Research.
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  36. M. F. Verweij & A. Dawson, Editorial: Ethics in Public Health: Bloomberg's Battle and Beyond.
    The growing prevalence of obesity and related conditions such as Type II diabetes is held by many to be a major public health problem in developed countries, and increasingly in developing countries as well . If we wish to tackle this problem, it will be a major task. Individuals will have to change their consumption and exercise patterns, companies will have to improve the products they make and how they market them, nutrition experts and communities will have to redefine what (...)
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  37. F. W. J. Keulartz, Conservation Through Commodification?
    During the past decade, we have seen the introduction of market-based mechanisms in biodiversity policy. Biodiversity markets are considered powerful tools to slow down or even stop the ongoing loss of biodiversity by internalizing costs that are traditionally externalized. This paper questions these optimistic expectations. Can we save nature by selling it? Is conservation through commodification a viable option? This paper maps both the social and ecological problems of the commodification of nature that is a necessary precondition for biodiversity markets (...)
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  38. C. N. Weele, Meat and the Benefits of Ambivalence.
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  39. K. Mogendorff, H. Molder, C. Woerkum & B. Gremmen, We Say: ‘. . .’, They Say: ‘. . .’: How Plant Science Experts Draw on Reported Dialogue to Shelve User Concerns.
    This study aims to increase insight into the uses of experts’ references to physically absent technology users in government-funded plant science. A discursive psychological analysis of expert board meetings shows that experts invoke various forms of reported dialogue/thoughts and dispositional statements when problems with technology and with program funding are discussed. Forms of reported dialogue serve to demonstrate that experts engage in dialogue with users, understand and are reasonable about users’ concerns, and that the content of user concerns does not (...)
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  40. P. Cornelissen, M. C. Gresnigt, R. A. Vermeulen, J. Bokdam & R. Smit, Transition of a Sambucus Nigra L. Dominated Woody Vegetation Into Grassland by a Self Regulating Multi-Species Herbivore Assemblage.
    We describe and analyse how large herbivores strongly diminished a woody vegetation, dominated by the unpalatable shrub Sambucus nigra L. and changed it into grassland. Density of woody species and cover of vegetation were measured in 1996, 2002 and 2012 in the grazed Oostvaardersplassen. In 2002 and 2012 we also measured density and cover in an ungrazed control site. In 2002 we measured intensity of browsing and bark loss of Sambucus shrubs in the grazed and control sites. In the grazed (...)
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  41. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Philosophy Produces Food : Ethics From Soil to Table and From Table to Soil.
    Applied philosophy, ethics in particular, makes a difference in producing and eating food. The current food system, resulting from cooperation between scientific, technological and industrial approaches, disconnects producers and citizens-consumers-farmers. Some try to bridge this gap by bombarding buyers with a stream of often bewildering, unreliable and incoherent facts. Food ethics shows why this gap can only be tackled fruitfully when science, technology and industry grant a structural place to the voices, fears, values and activities of consumers.
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  42. C. Weele & J. Tramper, Cultured Meat: Every Village its Own Factory?
    Rising global demand for meat will result in increased environmental pollution, energy consumption, and animal suffering. Cultured meat, produced in an animal-cell cultivation process, is a technically feasible alternative lacking these disadvantages, provided that an animal-component-free growth medium can be developed. Small-scale production looks particularly promising, not only technologically but also for societal acceptance. Economic feasibility, however, emerges as the real obstacle.
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  43. J. Keulartz & M. Korthals, Environmental Ethics.
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  44. M. F. Verweij & H. Houweling, What is the Responsibility of National Government with Respect to Vaccination?
    Given the ethical aspects of vaccination policies and current threats to public trust in vaccination, it is important that governments follow clear criteria for including new vaccines in a national programme. The Health Council of the Netherlands developed such a framework of criteria in 2007, and has been using this as basis for advisory reports about several vaccinations. However, general criteria alone offer insufficient ground and direction for thinking about what the state ought to do. In this paper, we present (...)
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  45. H. Jochemsen, H. Nonyane, C. Reinecke & J. Zaaiman, Attitudes and Perceptions Regarding Metabolomics Research on HIV and AIDS: Towards a Dynamic Model Relating Basic Beliefs, Technology and Behaviour.
    The human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome pandemic are hitting hard in Africa, not the least in South Africa. In addition to preventative measures, better ways of treatment and delaying the onset of symptoms are still urgently required. Recent developments in biomedicine in South Africa, notably genomics and metabolomics, could well contribute to more effective treatments and diets. However, these technologies are rooted in modern Western culture and may embody concepts and values that are foreign to people with a (...)
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  46. M. Korthals, Ethics and Politics of Food.
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  47. M. Korthals, Ethics of Nutrigenomics.
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  48. P. F. Haperen, H. G. J. Gremmen & J. G. M. Jacobs, Shifting Schemes of Naturalness.
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  49. B. Jonge, What is Fair and Equitable Benefit-Sharing?
    "Fair and equitable benefit-sharing" is one of the objectives of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity and the FAO International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. In essence, benefit-sharing holds that countries, farmers, and indigenous communities that grant access to their plant genetic resources and/or traditional knowledge should share in the benefits that users derive from these resources. But what exactly is understood by "fair" and "equitable" in this context? Neither term is defined in the international treaties. (...)
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  50. J. J. Hegeman, M. Edgell & H. Jochemsen, Practice and Profile. Christian Formation for Vocation.
    Too many students are disappointed. They want to make a difference in their chosen professions. They are inspired by successful visionaries, but they have little idea how to follow in their oversized footsteps. Their colleges and universities promise more professional development than they can possibly deliver, especially in terms of moral development for the professions. Experts coming from a range of perspectives in higher education agree that moral formation for the professions must increasingly take place in higher education. Tragically, the (...)
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  51. H. Jochemsen & C. J. Reinecke, Three Models for Embedding Biomedical Practices in a Traditional Cultural Context. Genomics & Metabolomics in the Treatment of HIV/AIDS.
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  52. H. Jochemsen & J. J. Hegeman, Connecting Christian Faith and Professional Practice in a Pluralist Society.
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  53. D. M. Goede, B. Gremmen & M. Blom, Robustness as an Image of Sustainability: Applied Conceptualisations and Their Contribution to Sustainable Development.
    Sustainability is a catch-all term in need of more tangible, yet qualitatively measureable operationalisations. This paper discusses the relevance of robustness as an image of sustainability. We argue that robustness has conceptual advantages against sustainability because it is embedded in system thinking and gives direction to operationalisations of sustainable development more than sustainability ever can. We consider conceptualisations of robustness in three TransForum projects which were set up to develop the concept of robustness in agricultural innovation. In these projects, robustness (...)
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  54. D. M. Goede, B. Gremmen & M. Blom, Adaptive Capacities From an Animal Welfare Perspective.
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  55. M. Blom & H. G. J. Gremmen, Comparison of Management Styles in Organic and Conventional Farming with Respect to Disruptive External Influences. The Case of Organic Dairy Farming and Conventional Horticulture in the Netherlands.
    Conventional Dutch farming systems are constantly improving their technology to withstand disruptive external influences, while organic farming tends to focus on methods that stress conservation of natural and nonrenewable resources. We hypothesize that management styles to withstand disruptive external influences clearly differ in both systems. Conventional farming aims to protect crops and livestock with hands-on solutions, whereas organic farming aims at reducing the consequences of disruptions. To study these two extremes, we compared a conventional horticultural system with an organic dairy (...)
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  56. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Two Evils in Food Country: Hunger and Lack of Representation.
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  57. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, This is or is Not Food: Framing Malnutrition, Obesity and Healthy Eating.
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  58. C. P. G. Driessen & M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Pig Towers and in Vitro Meat: Disclosing Moral Worlds by Design.
    Technology development is often considered to obfuscate democratic decision-making and is met with ethical suspicion. However, new technologies also can open up issues for societal debate and generate fresh moral engagements. This paper discusses two technological projects: schemes for pig farming in high-rise agro-production parks that came to be known as ‘pig towers’, and efforts to develop techniques for producing meat without animals by using stem cells, labelled ‘in vitro meat’. Even before fully entering our world as actually realized systems (...)
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  59. J. Keulartz, The Emergence of Enlightened Anthropocentrism in Ecological Resoration.
    Over the past decade a shift can be noticed from ecological restoration to ecological design, where ecological design stands for a technocratic approach that courts hubris and mastery rather than humility and self-restraint. Following Eric Higgs, this shift can be seen as a “hyperactive and heedless response“ to global environmental change, especially climate change. The new technocratic approach may be best characterized as enlightened anthropocentrism, where nature is only allowed that degree of agency which is required to deliver the services (...)
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  60. H. Jochemsen & C. J. Reinecke, Contextualising Biomedical Practices in a Traditional Cultural Setting : A Discussion of Three Models.
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  61. J. J. Hegeman & H. Jochemsen, Direction Discernment and Moral Formation in Higher Education.
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  62. Jozef Keulartz & J. A. A. Swart, Animal Flourishing and Capabilities in an Era of Global Change.
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  63. J. P. Vlasblom, J. T. Steen & H. Jochemsen, Spiritual Care in a Hospital Setting: Nurses’ and Patients’ Perspectives.
    The Trent Universities Interprofessional Learning in Practice project aimed to establish interprofessional learning for healthcare students in clinical practice settings. Ten IPL facilitators were employed in eight varied practice setting pilot sites for up to a year to research, develop and run locally appropriate, sustainable IPL initiatives. Following the pilot phase, a qualitative evaluation was conducted in each site by means of interviews or focus groups with all key stakeholders . Data collection was guided by Kirkpatrick’s evaluation framework , which (...)
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  64. M. Korthals, Food Impact Fonds.
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  65. V. Blok, H. Belt & P. C. Lemmens, Responsible Innovation? Towards a Critique of the Concept of Innovation.
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  66. P. C. Lemmens, V. Blok, H. Belt & B. Gremmen, Questioning the Bio-Based Economy. Philosophical Reflections on the Assumptions of a Dominant Policy Narrative.
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  67. H. Jochemsen, Towards Sustainable Food Production : A Normative Analysis of Agrarian Practice.
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  68. C. A. Timmermann & H. Belt, Global Justice Considerations for a Proposed "Climate Impact Fund.
    One of the most attractive, but nevertheless highly controversial proposals to alleviate the negative effects of today’s international patent regime is the Health Impact Fund . Although the HIF has been drafted to facilitate access to medicines and boost pharmaceutical research, we have analysed the burdens for the global poor a similar proposal designed to promote the use and development of climate-friendly technologies would have. Drawing parallels from the access to medicines debate, we suspect that an analogous “Climate Impact Fund” (...)
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  69. C. A. Timmermann & H. Belt, Climate Change, Intellectual Property Rights and Global Justice.
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  70. M. Korthals, Challenges to Deliberations on Genomics.
    About the Book New technologies and the science that created them have transformed our lives, posing challenges as to how technological change can be better integrated into society. Over the last few decades, recognition of these issues has led to different ways of engaging the public in the assessment and regulation of emerging technologies. However, diverse factors such as existing regulatory frameworks specific to jurisdictions, local cultural contexts, and the nature of particular technologies have ensured that there is no single (...)
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  71. M. Veen, H. Molder, B. Gremmen & C. Woerkum, If You Can't Eat What You Like, Like What You Can: How Children with Coeliac Disease and Their Families Construct Dietary Restrictions as a Matter of Choice.
    Although it is recognised that a gluten-free diet has many social implications for coeliac disease patients, not much is known about how such patients actually manage these implications in their everyday interactions. This article examines how dietary restrictions are treated by patients and their families. Data from recorded mealtime conversations of seven Dutch families with children suffering from coeliac disease were analysed using discursive psychology. We found two main discursive strategies by which patients and their families manage the diet during (...)
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  72. L. M. Tesfaye, M. C. A. M. Bink, I. A. Lans, B. Gremmen & H. C. M. Trijp, Bringing the Voice of Consumers Into Plant Breeding with Bayesian Modelling.
    Improving flavour quality traits in fruit breeding calls for innovative consumer-oriented product development. This paper explores the potential of marker-assisted breeding from genomics and consumer-based quality-improvement models from marketing, and exploits the progresses at both sides as technology push and market pull. An integrative and cross-disciplinary quality-improvement model is proposed based on Bayesian modelling. This Bayesian modelling allows for the integration of elicited knowledge of breeders and flavour researchers concerning the degree of causal associations of metabolites and flavour quality traits (...)
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  73. D. M. Goede, B. Gremmen & M. Blom, Robust Agriculture: Balancing Between Vulnerability and Stability.
    The impression that agricultural systems are increasingly vulnerable to unwanted environmental fluctuations has created an urge for robustness in agriculture. However, the meaning of robustness and its relation to sustainable agriculture remain unclear. Considering two related concepts, i.e., vulnerability and stability, this article analyses different conceptualizations of robustness and their applications in agricultural production systems. It is argued that robustness should not be seen as a clear-cut system feature, and that it only exists in the absence of stability and by (...)
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  74. M. Post & Cor Weele, Principles of Tissue Engineering for Food.
    The technology required for tissue-engineering food is the same as for medical applications, and in fact is derived from it. There are major differences in the implementation of those technologies, primarily related to the enormous scale required for food production and the different economical framework. In addition, the emotional context of food tissue engineering is also more complex than for medical applications. On the other hand, the tissues that are generated do not need to integrate in the body, with less (...)
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  75. T. J. Bergstra, H. G. J. Gremmen & E. N. Stassen, Moral Values and Attitudes Toward Dutch Sow Husbandry.
    Attitudes toward sow husbandry differ between citizens and conventional pig farmers. Research showed that moral values could only predict the judgment of people in case of culling healthy animals in the course of a disease epidemic to a certain extent. Therefore, we hypothesized that attitudes of citizens and pig farmers cannot be predicted one-on-one by moral values. Furthermore, we were interested in getting insight in whether moral values can be useful in bridging the gap between attitudes toward sow husbandry of (...)
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  76. J. D. Mansvelt, Some Thoughts on Alternative Methods and Their Scientific Implications.
    Reflections upon our agricultural problems cannot be limitated to those problems itself, but should incorporate a reflection upon our social and scientific traditions. An alternative agriculture asks for participating nature research.
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  77. H. G. J. Gremmen, The Mystery of the Practical Use of Scientific Knowledge.
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  78. A. M. Eijk, Farming Systems Research and Spirituality: An Analysis of the Foundations of Professionalism in Developing Sustainable Farming Systems.
    The practicability of the comprehensive FSR concept is problematic. Contemporary FSR must be positioned at the point of overlap between the positivist and constructivist paradigms, which are both grounded in a continual identification with the rational-empirical consciousness, in thinking -being.Spirituality, defined as the process in which one systematically trains the receptivity to gain regular access to transcendental consciousness, emphasizes the experience of just being , of consciousness-as-such . It is an experiential spirituality, which is not based on dogmas, but on (...)
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  79. V. Beekman, A Green Third Way?
    The book kicks off by remarking that the year 1972 must have been a very special year indeed. The Club of Rome published its report 'The Limits to Growth', the Ecologist published its 'Blueprint for Survival', and the United Nations held its first environmental conference in Stockholm. These three occasions were the first to use the notion of sustainable development with its current connotations. However, sustainable development only received its lasting status as a meta-objective for national and international environmental policy-making (...)
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  80. E. Theune, A Calf is Born : A Reconstruction of the Public Debate on Animal Biotechnology.
    'How should public debates be understood?' is the central question of this study. And it is answered by reconstructing a single public debate, namely the debate about the transgenic bull Herman. Herman the bull was created by Gene Pharming in 1989. An extra gene has been inserted in his genome as to induce the production of lactoferrin in the milk of his daughters. A debate started in the media about whether this should be allowed or not. This media debate has (...)
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  81. T. Baars, Reconciling Scientific Approaches for Organic Farming Research. Part I. Reflection on Research Methods in Organic Grassland and Animal Production at the Louis Bolk Institute, The Netherlands. Part II. Effects of Manure Types and White Clover Cultivars on the Productivity of Grass-Clover Mixtures on a Humid Sandy Soil. [REVIEW]
    Part I : Reflection on research methods in organic grassland and animal production at the Louis Bolk Institute, The NetherlandsKey words: organic agriculture, anthroposophy, methodology, research strategy, experiential science, multidisciplinary science, Goethean scienceThis dissertation focuses on the research question: what is peculiar to agricultural research when its purpose is to support the conscious development of organic agriculture? What approaches, designs and methods are used for such research? Since the 1990s the Louis Bolk Institute has become one of the important actors (...)
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  82. M. R. Balali, F. W. J. Keulartz & M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Reflexive Water Management in Arid Regions: The Case of Iran.
    To illuminate the problems and perspectives of water management in Iran and comparable arid Middle East and North Africa countries, three paradigms can be distinguished: the traditional, the industrial and the reflexive paradigm. Each paradigm is characterised by its key technical system, its main social institution and its ethico-religious framework. Iran seems to be in a state of transition from the 'hydraulic mission' of industrial modernity to a more reflexive approach to water management. This article sketches the contours of the (...)
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  83. H. G. J. Gremmen, Technical Practice.
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  84. H. G. J. Gremmen & L. Hanssen, The Normative Evaluation of the Societal Interface Group.
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  85. H. G. J. Gremmen, The Interplay Between Science and Technology.
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  86. H. G. J. Gremmen, P. F. Haperen & J. M. W. J. Lamerichs, A Socio-Economic Perspective on Co-Product Exploitation.
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  87. H. G. J. Gremmen, Biotechnology: Plants and Animals.
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  88. H. G. J. Gremmen, Economics of Food Waste Co-Product Exploitation.
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  89. T. Swierstra & F. W. J. Keulartz, Obesity in 2020. Three Scenarios in Techno-Socio-Athical Co-Evolution.
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  90. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Genomics and Global Justice: Toward Global Agri-Genomics Critizenship, Genomics, Policy and Society.
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  91. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Genomics, Obesity and the Struggle Over Responsibilities.
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  92. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Deliberations on the Life Science: Pitfalls, Challenges and Solutions.
    In this article I sketch several versions of the deliberative approach and then discuss five problems which confront a deliberative ethicist of contemporary problems of the life sciences, in particular about food, nature and agriculture. I begin by discussing problems of unequal participation in deliberations and secondly analyze cognitive and normative uncertainties that abound in the life sciences like biotechnology. Thirdly, these sciences comprise different scripts that steer the type of outcome, like products and services. Dependent on the framing, the (...)
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  93. H. Belt, Contesting the Obesity "Epidemic": Elements of a Counter Discourse.
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  94. H. Belt, Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing: How the Promise of a Personalised Approach is Being Squandered.
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  95. H. Belt, The Collective Construction of a Scientific Fact: A Re-Examination of the Early Period of the Wassermann Reaction.
    Ludwik Fleck is widely recognized as a precursor of Science and Technology Studies, but his case study on the development of the Wassermann reaction as a test for detecting syphilis has never been subjected to detailed empirical scrutiny. The fact that Fleck?s monograph is based on a limited set of documentary sources makes his work vulnerable to uncharitable critics. The problematic relation between thought collective and individual scientists in Fleck?s theoretical approach is another reason for a systematic re-examination of his (...)
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  96. J. A. A. Swart & F. W. J. Keulartz, Wild Animals in Our Backyard. A Contextual Approach to the Intrinsic Value of Animals.
    As a reflection on recent debates on the value of wild animals we examine the question of the intrinsic value of wild animals in both natural and man-made surroundings. We examine the concepts being wild and domesticated. In our approach we consider animals as dependent on their environment, whether it is a human or a natural environment. Stressing this dependence we argue that a distinction can be made between three different interpretations of a wild animal’s intrinsic value: a species-specific, a (...)
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  97. M. R. Balali, F. W. J. Keulartz & M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Reflexive Land and Water Management in Iran: Linking Technology, Governance and Culture, Part 2: Stakeholders'Attitudes and the Key Elements of Reflexive Framework.
    In order to get a better grasp of the opportunities and constraints of transition to sustainable land and water management in Iran, four large-scale qualitative–quantitative surveys were designed to find out the attitudes, interests, and values of land and water stakeholders including farmers, village informants, soil and water experts, and policymakers. To collect data needed for answering research questions, different instruments including questionnaires, semi-structured interviews and open-ended interviews were used. These empirical investigations were carried out in 2007-2008 in Iran. Finally, (...)
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  98. M. R. Balali, F. W. J. Keulartz & M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Reflexive Land and Water Management in Iran: Linking Technology, Governance and Culture. Part 1: Land and Water Management Paradigms.
    In order to examine the possibilities for sustainable land and water management in Iran, this research was carried out with two types of research and their combinations, i.e. theoretical and empirical research during 2005- 2009. In the theoretical part, which is the scope of this paper, the co-evolution of agricultural technologies, social institutions, and ethical and religious mentalities throughout history were studied. The results showed that three periods could be distinguished: pre-modernity, industrial modernity, and reflexive modernity. The pre-modern era can (...)
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  99. H. Belt, Ethical Consumerism.
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  100. M. J. J. A. A. Korthals, Framing Micronutrient and its Ethical Impacts.
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