David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy Compass 4 (6):987-997 (2009)
This study surveys debates on citizenship, the state, and the bases of political stability. The survey begins by presenting the primary sense of 'citizenship' as a legal status and the question of the sorts of political communities people can belong to as citizens. (Multi)nation-states are suggested as the main site of citizenship in the contemporary world, without ignoring the existence of alternative possibilities. Turning to discussions of citizen identity, the study shows that some of the discussion is motivated by a perceived need for citizens to have a sense of political belonging, on the assumption that such a sense promotes political activity and has other personal and social benefits. But there are serious problems with the strategy of understanding the relevant sense of belonging in terms of identification with the nation-state. The study explores a more promising way to generate this sense of belonging. First, societies should function, to a sufficiently high degree, in accord with political principles of justice and democratic decision making. Second, there should be a general consensus on political principles among citizens, as well as high levels of engagement in democratic deliberation.
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References found in this work BETA
Veit Bader (1997). The Cultural Conditions of Transnational Citizenship: On the Interpenetration of Political and Ethnic Cultures. Political Theory 25 (6):771-813.
Samantha Besson & André Utzinger (2008). Toward European Citizenship. Journal of Social Philosophy 39 (2):185–208.
Harry Brighouse (1998). Civic Education and Liberal Legitimacy. Ethics 108 (4):719-745.
Allen Buchanan (2000). Rawls's Law of Peoples: Rules for a Vanished Westphalian World. Ethics 110 (4):697-721.
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