David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):913-944 (2013)
Failure is a central notion both in ethics of engineering and in engineering practice. Engineers devote considerable resources to assure their products will not fail and considerable progress has been made in the development of tools and methods for understanding and avoiding failure. Engineering ethics, on the other hand, is concerned with the moral and social aspects related to the causes and consequences of technological failures. But what is meant by failure, and what does it mean that a failure has occurred? The subject of this paper is how engineers use and define this notion. Although a traditional definition of failure can be identified that is shared by a large part of the engineering community, the literature shows that engineers are willing to consider as failures also events and circumstance that are at odds with this traditional definition. These cases violate one or more of three assumptions made by the traditional approach to failure. An alternative approach, inspired by the notion of product life cycle, is proposed which dispenses with these assumptions. Besides being able to address the traditional cases of failure, it can deal successfully with the problematic cases. The adoption of a life cycle perspective allows the introduction of a clearer notion of failure and allows a classification of failure phenomena that takes into account the roles of stakeholders involved in the various stages of a product life cycle
|Keywords||Failure Life cycle Failure analysis Product development Failure trajectory Sustainability|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Patricia H. Werhane (1991). Engineers and Management: The Challenge of the Challenger Incident. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 10 (8):605 - 616.
Joseph R. DesJardins & Ernest Diedrich (2003). Learning What It Really Costs: Teaching Business Ethics with Life-Cycle Case Studies. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 48 (1):33-42.
Byron Newberry (2010). Katrina: Macro-Ethical Issues for Engineers. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (3):535-571.
Robert E. McGinn (2003). “Mind the Gaps”: An Empirical Approach to Engineering Ethics, 1997–2001. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (4):517-542.
Gregory Mellema (1994). Business Ethics and Doing What One Ought to Do. Journal of Business Ethics 13 (2):149 - 153.
Andrew Sneddon (2005). Rawlsian Decisionmaking and Genetic Engineering. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (1):35-41.
A. David Kline (2006). On Complicity Theory. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (2):257-264.
Geoff Pynn (2013). The Bayesian Explanation of Transmission Failure. Synthese 190 (9):1519-1531.
Carl Mitcham (1998). The Importance of Philosophy to Engineering. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):27-47.
Michael Davis (2001). The Professional Approach to Engineering Ethics: Five Research Questions. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (3):379-390.
Gene Moriarty (2000). The Place of Engineering and the Engineering of Place. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 5 (2):83-96.
Kevin M. Passino (2009). Educating the Humanitarian Engineer. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (4):577-600.
Brian Schrag (2009). Piercing the Veil: Ethical Issues in Ethnographic Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (2):135-160.
D. Cummiskey (1992). Reference Failure and Scientific Realism: A Response to the Meta-Induction. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (1):21-40.
Annalisa Coliva (2012). Varieties of Failure (of Warrant Transmission: What Else?!). Synthese 189 (2):235-254.
Added to index2012-03-05
Total downloads5 ( #506,084 of 1,902,195 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #280,998 of 1,902,195 )
How can I increase my downloads?