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  1. From Method to Hermeneutics: Which Epistemological Framework for Narrative Medicine?Camille Abettan - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (3):179-193.
    The past 10 years have seen considerable developments in the use of narrative in medicine, primarily through the emergence of the so-called narrative medicine. In this article, I question narrative medicine’s self-understanding and contend that one of the most prominent issues is its lack of a clear epistemological framework. Drawing from Gadamer’s work on hermeneutics, I first show that narrative medicine is deeply linked with the hermeneutical field of knowledge. Then I try to identify which claims can be legitimately expected (...)
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  2.  1
    “Big Eye” Surgery: The Ethics of Medicalizing Asian Features.Yves Saint James Aquino - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (3):213-225.
    The popularity of surgical modifications of race-typical features among Asian women has generated debates on the ethical implications of the practice. Focusing on blepharoplasty as a representative racial surgery, this article frames the ethical discussion by viewing Asian cosmetic surgery as an example of medicalization, which can be interpreted in two forms: treatment versus enhancement. In the treatment form, medicalization occurs by considering cosmetic surgery as remedy for pathologized Asian features; the pathologization usually occurs in reference to western features as (...)
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  3.  1
    Clashes of Consensus: On the Problem of Both Justifying Abortion of Fetuses with Down Syndrome and Rejecting Infanticide.Henrik Friberg-Fernros - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (3):195-212.
    Although the abortion of fetuses with Down syndrome has become commonplace, infanticide is still widely rejected. Generally, there are three ways of justifying the differentiation between abortion and infanticide: by referring to the differences between the moral status of the fetus versus the infant, by referring to the differences of the moral status of the act of abortion versus the act of infanticide, or by separating the way the permissibility of abortion is justified from the way the impermissibility of infanticide (...)
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  4. Alex Broom: Dying: A Social Perspective on the End of Life.Andrea Semplicini - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (3):235-237.
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  5.  1
    Franklin G. Miller and Robert D. Truog: Death, Dying, and Organ Transplantation: Reconstructing Medical Ethics at the End of Life.Susanna Maria Taraschi - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (3):229-233.
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  6. Erratum To: Solidarity, Justice, and Recognition of the Other.Ruud ter Meulen - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (3):227-227.
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  7. Hearing Sub-Saharan African Voices in Bioethics.Kevin Gary Behrens - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (2):95-99.
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  8.  2
    Chronicles of Communication and Power: Informed Consent to Sterilisation in the Namibian Supreme Court’s LM Judgment of 2015.Nyasha Chingore-Munazvo, Katherine Furman, Annabel Raw & Mariette Slabbert - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (2):145-162.
    The 2015 judgment of the Namibia Supreme Court in Government of the Republic of Namibia v LM and Others set an important precedent on informed consent in a case involving the coercive sterilisation of HIV-positive women. This article analyses the reasoning and factual narratives of the judgment by applying Neil Manson and Onora O’Neill’s approach to informed consent as a communicative process. This is done in an effort to understand the practical import of the judgment in the particular context of (...)
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  9. Dealing with the Other Between the Ethical and the Moral: Albinism on the African Continent.Elvis Imafidon - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (2):163-177.
    Albinism is a global public health issue but it assumes a peculiar nature in the African continent due, in part, to the social stigma faced by persons with albinism in Africa. I argue that there are two essential reasons for this precarious situation. First, in the African consciousness, albinism is an alterity or otherness. The PWA in Africa is not merely a physical other but also an ontological other in the African community of beings, which provides a hermeneutic for the (...)
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  10.  29
    Ancillary Care Obligations in Light of an African Bioethic: From Entrustment to Communion.Thaddeus Metz - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (2):111–126.
    Henry Richardson has recently published the first book ever devoted to ancillary care obligations, which roughly concern what medical researchers are morally required to provide to participants beyond what safety requires. In it Richardson notes that he has presented the ‘only fully elaborated view out there’ on this topic, which he calls the ‘partial-entrustment model’. In this article, I provide a new theory of ancillary care obligations, one that is grounded on ideals of communion salient in the African philosophical tradition (...)
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  11. Giving Voice to African Thought in Medical Research Ethics.Godfrey B. Tangwa - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (2):101-110.
    In this article, I consider the virtual absence of an African voice and perspective in global discourses of medical research ethics against the backdrop of the high burden of diseases and epidemics on the continent and the fact that the continent is actually the scene of numerous and sundry medical research studies. I consider some reasons for this state of affairs as well as how the situation might be redressed. Using examples from the HIV/AIDS and Ebola epidemics, I attempt to (...)
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  12. Partiality and Distributive Justice in African Bioethics.Wareham Christopher Simon - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (2):127-144.
    African ethical theories tend to hold that moral agents ought to be partial, in the sense that they should favour members of their family or close community. This is considered an advantage over the impartiality of many Western moral theories, which are regarded as having counterintuitive implications, such as the idea that it is unethical to save a family member before a stranger. The partiality of African ethics is thought to be particularly valuable in the context of bioethics. Thaddeus Metz, (...)
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  13.  1
    Jochen Vollmann, Verena Sandow, Sabastian Wäscher, and Jan Schildmann : The Ethics of Personalised Medicine: Critical Perspectives.Silviya Aleksandrova-Yankulovska - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (1):89-94.
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  14.  2
    An Integral Approach to Health Science and Healthcare.Patrick Daly - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (1):15-40.
    Defining disease and delineating its boundaries is a contested area in contemporary philosophy of medicine. The leading naturalistic theory faces a new round of difficulties related to defining a normal environment alongside normal organismic functioning and to delineating a discrete boundary between risk factors and disease. Normative theories face ongoing and seemingly intractable difficulties related to value pluralism and the problematic relation between theory and practice. In this article, I argue for an integral—as opposed to a hybrid—philosophy of health based (...)
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  15. Indeterminacy and the Principle of Need.Herlitz Anders - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (1):1-14.
    The principle of need—the idea that resources should be allocated according to need—is often invoked in priority setting in the health care sector. In this article, I argue that a reasonable principle of need must be indeterminate, and examine three different ways that this can be dealt with: appendicizing the principle with further principles, imposing determinacy, or empowering decision makers. I argue that need must be conceptualized as a composite property composed of at least two factors: health shortfall and capacity (...)
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  16. Susan R. Holman: Beholden: Religion, Global Health, and Human Rights.Daniel Takarabe Kim - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (1):83-87.
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  17.  14
    Death with Dignity From the Confucian Perspective.Yaming Li & Jianhui Li - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (1):63-81.
    Death with dignity is a significant issue in modern bioethics. In modern healthcare, the wide use of new technologies at the end of life has caused heated debate on how to protect human dignity. The key point of contention lies in the different understandings of human dignity and the dignity of death. Human dignity has never been a clear concept in Western ethical explorations, and the dignity of death has given rise to more confusions. Although there is no such term (...)
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  18.  9
    The Causal Explanatory Functions of Medical Diagnoses.Hane Htut Maung - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (1):41-59.
    Diagnoses in medicine are often taken to serve as explanations of patients’ symptoms and signs. This article examines how they do so. I begin by arguing that although some instances of diagnostic explanation can be formulated as covering law arguments, they are explanatory neither in virtue of their argumentative structures nor in virtue of general regularities between diagnoses and clinical presentations. I then consider the theory that medical diagnoses explain symptoms and signs by identifying their actual causes in particular cases. (...)
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  19. Erratum To: The Causal Explanatory Functions of Medical Diagnoses.Hane Htut Maung - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (1):61-62.
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